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Health Blogs

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10 November, 2023

5 best ways to avoid premature labour

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The average length of a human gestation is 280 days or 40 weeks. The gestation period is usually counted from the first day of woman’s last menstrual period. It’s good and healthier for babies not to be born before they’re due. If the labour starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, then it is usually called as premature labour. In this case, the baby is not fully grown and is not entirely ready to come into the outside world.In premature labour, the mother is unable to carry her baby for the full 9-month term. There are a number of reasons behind the preterm labour, including traumas, accidents and unpredictable diseases. Although the reasons are not clear, here are the common and best advisable ways to avoid premature labour.Learn what you can do to prevent early labour!  See your health care provider early and regularly during your pregnancy. Prenatal care is designed over the years to minimise the risk and complications of pregnancy. A good health care provider can ensure and plan your pregnancy. Attend all prenatal appointments with your doctor and have all the screening tests to check your health and your baby’s health. Understand the common problems of the pregnancy and check the root causes in case of complications. Understanding the root causes will help you and your doctor plan better labour for you.  Stay away from smoke, drink, or illegal usage of drugs. Protect your baby’s health and well being by staying away from smoke, drink or usage of drugs. Indirect exposure or passive exposure will also cause tremendous issues. Get help to quit for your or your family members around you, if needed. Always remember tobacco and alcohol will cause harm to your pregnancy! Stay or get to a healthy weight during pregnancy. Overweight and underweight women have a higher chance of giving premature birth. Work with your doctor and understand the weight demands during pregnancy. Try to achieve a healthy weight based on what your doctor suggests. Don’t get discouraged; even a small change in your weight may lower the chance of giving birth to a preterm baby. Always keep your weight on check.  Track your chronic diseases and take care of them  Inform your health care provider in case of any chronic disease such as diabetes, blood pressure or gastritis. They have to be kept well controlled before, during and after pregnancy. However, if any of the chronic conditions worsen during pregnancy, the chances for premature labour are higher. Thus, tracking and taking care of such chronic diseases is highly important.  Practice a healthy diet and regular yoga Taking care of your body and mind during pregnancy plays a vital role in the health of the baby. Eat a variety of foods and drink lots of water to maintain the balance of vitamins, proteins and minerals in your body. Do regular exercise or yoga to boost your metabolism and contain the stress levels.  Preterm pregnancies cant always be prevented. But following a healthy routine will definitely lower the chances of premature births. Studies suggest that women who get routine prenatal care are more likely to have a healthier pregnancy and baby.    *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.

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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

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No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So it is no wonder that you get all such thoughts. However, do not put them all to yourself. Talk them out with your best buddies and family. Let them know your concerns and allow them to soothe you down.  Exercise must be your normal  We are not talking about heavy workouts and impulsive training. It is all about simple meditation and gentle exercise. Mild exercise during pregnancy will lower cortisol levels; the stress hormone is partly responsible for your stress. Thus, regular exercise will help you stay fit and help you check your stress levels during pregnancy.  You can choose simple exercises like walking, swimming, low paced stationary bike etc. Learn more about safe cardio exercises that you can consider during pregnancy here.  Take time out for yourself You might feel upset over small things. It is normal to be so during pregnancy. Do not feel wrong about such instances. Instead, when you feel low or feeling upset over something, take some time out for yourself to calm you down. Pick your favourite activity that you love to do and spend enough time with it. Try it for yourself! Taking a break can do significant wonders for your mental health, especially during pregnancy! Do not skip your doctor appointments  Visiting your doctor regularly for prenatal appointments will make you feel at ease. Knowing your condition and baby’s condition will help you better understand the situation. At times, a simple talk with your doctor can help you calm down. Regular appointments will also help you check for the complications of pregnancy. An excellent way to check your mental health and ease you as well!  Remember, it is perfectly alright to worry about your unborn baby. Whether the baby is healthy or growing out well inside. But, do not let these thoughts overcome the joy of your pregnancy. Follow the above-mentioned suggestions to reduce your stress during pregnancy and enjoy the blissful moments of your life!!  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision. 

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25 October, 2021

Pelvic Pain

Authored By: Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

Pelvic Pain Pelvic pain is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis. It can stem from multiple causes. Pelvic pain arises from the conditions associated with reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from muscles and ligaments in the pelvis. Pelvic pain can be due to irritation of nerves in the pelvis. Chronic pelvic pain is constant or intermittent pelvic pain for six months or more. Pelvic pain may spread to lower back, buttocks or thighs. Pelvic pain can also be situational, such as while using the bathroom or have sex. Causes More than one condition can lead to Pelvic pain. Common causes of acute pelvic pain Ovarian cyst– it is fluid-filled bubble arising from an ovary and causes pelvic pain when it ruptures or becomes twisted Acute pelvic inflammatory disease– a bacterial infection of the reproductive organs, which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with Antibiotics. Ectopic Pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions) Miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain) Appendicitis – a painful swelling of the appendix which usually causes pain on the lower right-hand side of your abdomen Peritonitis– inflammation of the peritoneum; it causes sudden abdominal pain that gradually becomes more severe and requires emergency treatment Urinary tract infection – it will cause pain or a burning sensation while urination Kidney stones Constipation or bowel spasm – this could be due to changes in diet, medication, irritable bowel syndrome or, in rare cases, a bowel obstruction Less common causes include: Pelvic abscess –it is collection of pus in between pelvic organs requiring urgent treatment Endometriosis – a condition where bits of endometrium is found outside the uterus, such as on the ovaries, leading to painful periods Uterine fibroids Long-term pelvic pain If pelvic pain persist for 6 months or more that is either intermittent or continuous, it’s known as chronic pelvic pain. The most common causes of chronic pelvic pain are: Endometriosis Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease – a bacterial infection of female reproductive organs which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with antibiotics Irritable bowel syndrome – a common condition of the digestive system that can cause cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation Conditions involving the muscles, joints, and ligaments in the pelvis, lower back, or hips. Less common causes of chronic pelvic pain are: Recurrent ovarian cysts  Recurrent urinary tract infection Lower back pain Prolapse of the uterus– where the uterus slips down along with other organs from its normal position and usually causes a “dragging” pain Adenomyosis – endometriosis that affects the muscle of the uterus, causing painful, heavy periods Fibroids – tumours(non-cancerous) of the uterus, fibroids can be painful if they twist, but uncomplicated fibroids aren’t usually painful Chronic interstitial cystitis – chronic inflammation of the bladder Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) –It includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, which affect the gut Hernia  Trapped or damaged nerves in the pelvic area  Uterine cancer Cervical cancer Vulvodynia Symptoms Worsening of menstrual cramps Menstrual pain Vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge Painful or difficult urination Constipation or diarrhoea Bloating or gas Blood seen with a bowel movement Blood in urine Pain during intercourse Fever or chills Pain in the hip area Pain in the groin area Diagnosis To begin with, your doctor will do a complete examination to look for problems with your reproductive system. The doctor will need complete information about past and present health and symptoms. You might need to undergo some tests, such as: Blood and urine tests for signs of infection. A pregnancy test. Tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs)– vaginal culture Emotional issues can be a big part in chronic pain. Inform your doctor about any depression or stress that is adding to your problem. Your Doctor will need to know about any past or current sexual or physical abuse. It can be tough to talk about these things, but all this information is needed to provide right treatment. If initial tests don’t suggest anything significant, then you might have to go for other tests that show pictures of the organs in your belly. These may include: Abdominal and pelvic X-rays. Diagnostic laparoscopy Hysteroscopy (procedure to examine the uterus). Stool guaiac test- tests microscopic blood in stool sample Lower endoscopy such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy Ultrasound  CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis Finding the cause of pelvic pain can take long time. You should keep record about the type of pain you have, timings and any precipitating factors. Treatment Once your condition is diagnosed- you will be treated for that problem. Some common treatments include: Birth control pills or hormone treatment for problems related to your periods. Surgery for removal of a growth, cyst, or tumor. Medical management- such as an antibiotic for infection or medicine for irritable bowel syndrome. If you are not diagnosed foe the condition causing pelvic pain-you can be offered treatment to help you manage the pain. Best results are seen from a combination of treatments such as: Pain relievers called NSAIDs, like ibuprofen or naproxen. Tricyclic antidepressant medicine or anticonvulsants, which can help with pain and with depression. Cognitive-behavioural therapy or biofeedback, to help you change the way you think about or react to pain. Counselling, to give you emotional support and reduce stress. Physical therapy to help you relax your muscles, improve your posture, and be more active. Pain relievers that are injected (local anaesthetic) into specific areas to help with pain. You may need to try many treatments before you find the ones that help you the most. If the things you’re using aren’t working well, ask your doctor what else you can try. Taking an active role in your treatment may help you feel more hopeful.

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03 October, 2021

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

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What you need to know about pelvic organ prolapse? What is pelvic organ prolapse?  Uterus (womb), bladder & rectum (back passage) are the organs present within a woman’s pelvis. They are normally held in their place by ligaments and muscles called pelvic floor. If these support structures are weakened there will be bulge of organs from their natural position into the vagina. When this happens it is known as pelvic organ prolapse. Is it common to have prolapse?  It is very common especially in older women. As many women don’t go to doctor or talk about it, it might be difficult to know exactly the proportion of women who can have this problem. It is estimated that at least 50% of women over 50 years of age will have symptoms with pelvic organ prolapse. Why does pelvic organ prolapse happen?  Being Pregnant and giving birth are most common reasons for weakening of pelvic floor. More births the woman had, more difficult births, more bigger babies, more likely is the chance of you having the prolapse. After menopause it is common. Being overweight, constipation, persistent cough, and prolonged heavy lifting can also increase the chance of having the prolapse. Sometimes there is hereditary tendencies too. What symptoms will be there if I have a prolapse?  Sometimes there might not be any problem at all and we will know only when examination is done. Most of the times, it is the sensation of lump coming down is the symptom. Backache, heaviness or dragging discomfort in the vagina can be there.If bladder is also prolapsed – You may experience need to pass urine frequently, incomplete emptying, frequent urine infections. If bowel is also prolapsed – You can have constipation or incomplete bowel emptying. Some women might have to push the lump back to be able to empty bladder or bowel. Sex might be uncomfortable and lack of sensation during intercourse can be distressing. Will I need tests?  Prolapse is usually diagnosed by performing a vaginal examination. Your doctor will insert a speculum (a metal or plastic instrument used to separate the walls of Vagina) to assess the prolapse and to determine exactly which organs are prolapsing. Urine test will be done to check for infection. If you have leakage of urine special tests like Urodynamics will also be done. What are the treatment options?  If mild prolapse and no symptoms, you might choose to take wait and see option, however losing weight if you are overweight, reducing cough, avoiding constipation, avoiding heavy lifting can help to reduce worsening of the problem. Kegels or pelvic floor exercises will help to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.If you are unable to do these exercises you will be referred to a physiotherapist to guide you doing the right way. Vaginal hormone might be recommended. Other options include pessaries or surgery. Pessary – Is a good way of supporting the prolapse. If you don’t wish the surgery or if surgery is too risky for you due to any medical condition you will be given this option. Pessary is made of plastic or silicone. There are many varieties and sizes of pessaries available. Your doctor will advise the right one for you. Most commonly used pessaries are ring pessaries. Fitting the right size pessaries can sometimes take more than one attempt. They have to be changed frequently. You have to report to your doctor if you experience any irritation or bleeding. Surgery – Choosing surgery will depend on severity of your symptoms, effect on quality of life and if other options are not helpful. There will be some risks with any operation especially if you are overweight or have any medical problems. The usual surgery that is done is removal of uterus and pelvic floor repair. Lifting up the uterus or vagina to a bone of your spine or a ligament within your pelvis are also available especially if prolapse is recurrent. Closing off the vagina will be considered only if many surgeries are unsuccessful or you are in very poor medical health. How successful is the surgery? In 75% of women surgery is successful. However in 25% of women, prolapse can come back and might require further surgery at a later date.

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24 September, 2021

Bacterial Vaginosis

Authored By: Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection caused by bacteria. It is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge that happens in reproductive-age women. It can cause a “fishy” odor and vaginal irritation in some women. Others may not have any symptoms. SYMPTOMS Most of the females with bacterial vaginosis will not have any symptoms but when they have, it includes- Burning feeling while micturation Fishy smell mostly after sex Itching Thin white, gray, or green discharge RISK FACTORS It is rarely seen in females who are not sexually active. It most commonly affects- Pregnancy Unprotected Intercourse Have an intrauterine device (IUD) Have multiple sex partners Have a new sex partner Have a female sex partner Use douches Smoking Perfumed bubble baths, vaginal deodorants, and few scented soaps Washing underwear with strong detergent CAUSES BV is due to an imbalance of natural vaginal bacterial flora. Why this happens is not clear. The role of bacteria Bacteria is present allover our bodies, but some are beneficial while others are harmful. These bacteria become infectious when number of harmful bacteria increases. The vagina is house for mostly “good” bacteria and some harmful bacteria. BV occurs when the harmful bacteria outgrows the good bacteria in number. A vagina should contain bacteria called lactobacilli. These bacteria produce lactic acid, making the vagina slightly acidic. This prevents growth of other bacteria. Acidity of vagina decreases if levels of lactobacilli decreases leading to growth of other bacteria’s. However, exact relationship of these harmful bacteria with BV is not known. COMPLICATIONS Bacterial vaginosis doesn’t generally cause complications. Sometimes, having bacterial vaginosis may lead to: During pregnancy– In pregnant women, bacterial vaginosis is linked to loss of pregnancy, early rupture of amniotic membranes, Chorioamnionitis, premature deliveries and low birth weight babies due to preterm labours. After Delivery-Postpartum Endometritis, an irritation or inflammation of uterine lining. Sexually transmitted infections– Bacterial vaginosis makes women more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, like HIV, herpes simplex virus, chlamydia or gonorrhea. If you have HIV, bacterial vaginosis increases the chances of passing on the virus to your partner. Infection risk after gynecologic surgery- such as hysterectomy or dilation and curettage (D&C). Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – Bacterial vaginosis can sometimes cause an infection of the uterus and the fallopian tubes therefore the risk of infertility increases. Studies have shown that success rate of IVF decreases in BV. PREVENTION Minimize vaginal irritation- by using mild or nonscented soaps and tampons or pads. Don’t douche- douching disrupts the vaginal balance and may increase your risk of vaginal infection.  Avoid Sexually transmitted diseases- Use a male latex condom, limit your number of sex partners. Always wipe from front to back instead of back to front after using the bathroom. Wear cotton or cotton-lined underwear. Bacteria thrive in moist environments. Cotton helps wick away moisture. DIAGNOSIS The doctor will: Ask about your medical history- about previous STIs, etc. Do an overall physical exam Do a pelvic exam- for signs of infection, condition of pelvic organs Take a sample of discharge from your vagina to look for  bacteria Test your vaginal pH. A vaginal pH of 4.5 or higher is associated with bacterial vaginosis. TREATMENT Often it remains asymptomatic, but women with signs and symptoms should take treatment to avoid complications. Often antibiotics (metronidazole, clindamycin, tinidazole) are required to treat BV. This could be a tablet or a cream or gel you put into your vagina. Most females need to take treatments for 5 to 7 days. Finish full course of medicines, even if the symptoms go away. Incomplete medications course can lead to recurrence. Since BV can be spread through sex, so it is advisable to avoid sexual contact till treatment is finished. Female sexual partners should see their doctor to find out if they need treatment. IUDs users with BV can opt for other forms of contraception. To treat bacterial vaginosis, following medicaions can be prescribed: Metronidazole- This is given as oral forms mostly. Metronidazole is also be given as a topical gel to insert into the vagina. It is the most commonly used antibiotic. It is preferred over other antibiotics if the woman is breastfeeding or pregnant. Clindamycin -This medicine is available as a cream that you insert into your vagina. Clindamycin creams are known to weaken latex condoms- so take adequate precautions for atleast 3 days after stopping the treatment. Tinidazole-This medication is taken orally. Tinidazole reacts with alcohol, so avoid alcohol during treatment and for at least three days after completing treatment. Secnidazole -This is an antibiotic you take orally in one dose.  Generally it is not necessary to treat an infected woman’s male sexual partner, but it can spread among female sexual partners, so female partners should be tested and treated accordingly. It’s especially important for pregnant women with symptoms to be treated to decrease the risk of premature labour. RECURRENCE Around one-third of women whose symptoms disappear with treatment will have a recurrence within 3 months, and half will have a recurrence within 6 months. If more than three episodes occur within 12 months, the doctor may prescribe a vaginal metronidazole gel to use twice a week for 3 to 6 months. While current research shows there may be some benefit to probiotic therapy, more research is needed on the subject.

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21 September, 2021

Bleeding in Pregnancy

Authored By: Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

Bleeding during pregnancy is relatively common, but it can be a dangerous sign. Visit your doctor even if its spotting or it stops. What causes bleeding early in pregnancy? Having sex- mostly due to pregnancy changes in cervix An infection Smoking Implantation Bleeding- When a fertilized egg (embryo) attaches to the lining of the uterus (womb) and begins to grow. Usually occur 10-14days after conception. It is harmless. Invasive testing like Amniocentesis and Chorionic villus sampling- done to check genetic abnormalities. Hormone changes. Medical conditions- Bleeding disorders Changes in your cervix. Occasionally bleeding or spotting in the first trimester can be due to a serious problem, like: Miscarriage- loss of pregnancy before 20weeks. Almost all women who miscarry have bleeding or spotting before the miscarriage. Bleeding can be along with pain abdomen. Ectopic pregnancy-fertilized egg implants outside uterine cavity and begins to grow.  Molar pregnancy- it is growth of abnormal tissue in the uterus, instead of a baby. Molar pregnancy is rare. What causes bleeding in the Second and Third Trimesters? Abnormal bleeding in late pregnancy is considered more serious because it can lead to severe complications to mother or baby.  Placenta previa-the placenta is located in lower uterine segment, partially or completely covers the internal OS. Placenta previa is not very common in the late third trimester, occurs in one in 200 pregnancies. It leads to painless bleeding. Placental abruption- In about 1% of pregnancies, the placenta separates its attachment on the uterus before or during labour. Placental abruption is very dangerous for the mother and baby both. It is often associated with severe abdominal pain, severe bleeding from the vagina, tender uterus, and backache. Uterine rupture-In rare cases, a scar from a previous C-section or uterine surgery can tear open during pregnancy. Uterine rupture can be life-threatening, and requires an emergency C-section. It can present with pain and tenderness in the abdomen. Vasa previa- In rare circumstances, baby’s blood vessels in the umbilical cord or placenta lies just above the opening to the birth canal. It can be fatal for the baby because the blood vessels can tear anytime, causing the baby to bleed severely and lose oxygen. It might be associated with abnormal fetal heart rate and excessive bleeding. Premature labor- Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy can be due to your body getting ready to deliver. Preterm labour is when labour starts before 37th week of pregnancy. Other symptoms of preterm labor include contractions, vaginal discharge, abdominal pressure, and lower backache. Other causes of bleeding in late pregnancy are: Sex Internal examination by your doctor. SHOW- Mucus plug which was inside cervix during pregnancy comes out, as the cervix is getting ready for labour to start. It can happen anytime from few days before contractions start or during labour itself. Injury to the cervix or vagina Polyps- usually painless bleeding  Cancer What should you do if you have bleeding or spotting during pregnancy? Seeking medical attention immediately is must in case of- Heavy bleeding Bleeding with pain or cramping Dizziness and bleeding Pain in your belly or pelvis Passing some tissue with blood Keep a record of amount of bleeding, if it gets heavier or lighter, and number of pads you are using.  Check the color of the blood.  Your provider may want to know. Bleeding can be brown, dark or bright red. Do not use a tampon, douche or have sex during bleeding. Inform your Doctor if you are Rh Negative. Diagnosis To find out the cause of bleeding, you will need to have a detailed vaginal or pelvic examination, an ultrasound scan or hormonal levels through blood tests. Your doctor will inquire about other symptoms, like as abdominal cramp, dizziness and pain. Sometimes it might not be possible to find out what caused the bleeding. How are bleeding and spotting treated? Treatment depends on cause of the bleeding.  Rest is very important part of treatment during bleeding. Take time off from work and take rest for a little while. Don’t have sex, douche or use tampons. If your symptoms are not severe and you are preterm-you’ll be monitored and can be kept in hospital for observation. Severe Symptoms and term gestation can mandate delivery.

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08 July, 2021

Yoga In Pregnancy

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Prenatal yoga is a form of gentle yoga that is designed according to the growing needs of a pregnant body during all three trimesters. The focus is on poses that keep you safe while practicing movement, stretching, deep breathing, and mental centering. The American college of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists say that modified or prenatal yoga is one of the safest forms of exercise during pregnancy with correct guidance.. They also recommend combining a yoga practice with other types of activity such as swimming, walking or stationary cycling. Are there any health benefits? Yoga during pregnancy is beneficial, especially for addressing the physical, emotional, and mental aspects of this critical time. Keeps the body active. Prenatal yoga builds mobility,flexibility and strength, which helps in supporting and maintaining a healthy body during pregnancy. Stabilizes your mood. Yoga is known for its ability to help reduce stree and manage symptoms of anxiety. Helps with mental centering. Help you to develop awareness of yourself, your body, and your baby. Reduces overall symptom burden of pregnancy. Pregnancy can put a lot of added pressure on your lower back, and your body which leads to pain in areas such as the lower back.Prenatal Yoga helps in reducing these pains and improving the stride and gait during walking. Focuses on pelvic floor muscles. Prenatal yoga classes often emphasize strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, which helps in childbirth. Encourages breathing exercises. Prenatal yoga helps to use breathing as a tool when we encounter stress in our lives, and learning to breathe through new feelings and sensations helps you lessen anxiety and concern during pregnancy. Prepares the body for childbirth. Helps to open up hips and keep correct postural alignment, which helps with labor and delivery. Increased well-being in young pregnant women. Encourages community support. Prenatal yoga class is an excellent place to connect with other expecting moms that can help support you during pregnancy and beyond. When To Start? First Trimester– If you are doing Yoga prior to pregnancy, then it can be continued. Second Trimester-Avoid Yoga poses which require lyng flat on abdomen or back. As Balance is a problem during second trimester, consider using props like- yoga pillows, straps, blocks, etc. Third Trimester-Avoid balancing poses. Focus on breathing and relaxation techniques as it will help in relieving physical and emotional challenges of third trimester. When to Avoid? Medical conditions like Heart disease, lung disorder. High BP History of miscarriages If you have high hisk of Preterm Labor Multi fetal gestation Placenta previa/low lying placenta What can be done? Cat/cow stretch Standing back bend Warrior on a chair Standing Warrior Cobbler’s or tailor’s pose Squatting Side-lying position Hip Rotations What can not be done? Revolved side angle pose. Full wheel pose. Bridge pose. Bow pose. Cobra pose. Locust pose. Full camel pose. Upward facing dog. Precautions To Be Followed Talk to your prenatal care provider. Always check with your doctor if you are fit to do yoga and rule out any contraindications. Take general precautions. Follow general precautions of exercises- stay hydrated before and after exercises. Take it easy. Focus on breathing during yoga sessions. Iif you are already an expert in yoga, be ready to make some modifications considering your pregnancy. Any pain or discomfort requires to make an adjustment or ask your instructor to recommend an alternative position. Hold poses only for as long as you’re comfortable and don’t push yourself to the point of pain or exhaustion. Be aware of body changes. Your joints will relax and loosen up during pregnancy, so change positions slowly and carefully. Your changing body can affect your balance, so go slow. Take proper safety measures especially during third trimester, consider using a wall or chair for support. Avoid lying on your back, especially after the first trimester as it can put pressure on your inferior vena cava and reduce blood flow to your uterus. Skip headstands and shoulder stands. Don’t hold poses for a long time. Skip positions that require extreme stretching of the abdominal muscles. Avoid doing yoga in hot, humid conditions.

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22 January, 2021

3 Effective breathing exercises during Pregnancy

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Apart from the regular body changes that occur during pregnancy, emotional changes are also significant. The overwhelming feelings that you feel are rather unexpressed most of the time. The conditional mood swings caused due to the pregnancy hormones have a huge impact on your mental stability during pregnancy. Breathing exercises will greatly help in calming down all the pregnancy.  Breathing exercises also help in the efficient removal of waste products and a plentiful supply of oxygen for both the mother and child. Effective breathing will purify and calms down the nervous system. It induces a feeling of pleasantness and well-being. Check out these 3 effective breathing techniques during pregnancy,  Breathing deeply from the stomach  This can be practiced while sitting in a comfortable position or lying down on the floor. Start relaxing with the deep breaths that move your stomach up and down. For additional motivation or concentration, you can try placing a toy or an object on your stomach. You can focus on the object, moving up and down to avoid distractions. This belly or diaphragmatic breathing is good for pregnancy as it results in 1/3rd more oxygen being inhaled than regular. Chest breathing  Chest breathing is a definite breathing technique that concentrates on the breath drawing from the chest, not deep. The concentration is placed on the rib cage and thoracic cavity expansion during inhalation and exhalation. This exercise can be practiced alone or with the stomach breathing alternatively.  Shallow or chest breathing Shallow breathing or chest breathing is a technique where you draw minimal breath into the lungs. This technique is highly recommended to reduce stress during pregnancy. Place one of your hands on the chest and the other on your belly to observe the quick moments during the inhalation and exhalation. Concentrate on your breath and try to breathe in and out gently. You can practice this multiple times a day whenever you feel comfortable or stressed.  While being pregnant, concentrating on your breathing will help you have a more peaceful and joyous experience. Practice yourself or seek support from your doctor to begin the new routine, and happy pregnancy! Note:  It is advisable to wait about three hours after a heavy meal or an hour or two after a light meal or regular snacks to practise breathing exercises!  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision. 

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18 January, 2021

4 prevention remedies for sleep apnea during pregnancy

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As the baby grows larger inside your stomach, you can experience more and more sleep disturbances. This is a common experience for every pregnant woman. However, if the disturbance is due to the shot of breath, then it is a serious condition to slide over. It might be the case of sleep apnea.  Sleep apnea is a condition where you stop breathing for short periods while sleeping. This makes it a shortage of oxygen for the mom-to-be and the unborn baby inside. This shortage of oxygen will lead to gasps during sleep and wakes you up repeatedly.  In most cases, we do not recognize the condition at all, as it just sounds or looks like snoring. But, it is not the same in all cases. Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious condition where the oxygen supply is greatly limited to the mother and the baby. This limited oxygen supply makes it fatal for both their health conditions.  Here are 4 easy prevention remedies for sleep apnea during pregnancy!  Maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy  Sleep apnea is often termed and compared with obesity or excess weight of the person. Doctors, most of the time, suggest losing weight when identifies with sleep apnea. Maintaining a healthy weight usually helps to keep the air pipes clear, which are obstructed with excess fat. Thus, keeping a healthy weight will help you have a smooth and safer pregnancy.  Regular exercise and yoga  General and regular exercise usually keep you fit and healthy all the time. Especially during pregnancy, even a short walk will be highly beneficial. In such a scenario, keeping up the regular exercise and yoga will help you increase the energy levels, strengthen your heart functions and improve sleep apnea.  Breathing exercises will help supply the required amounts of oxygen and reduce the number of sleep interruptions you experience.  Alter the sleep position  Although altering your sleep position is not a permanent solution or prevention tip for sleep apnea, it is still an effective tip for a good night’s sleep. Shifting the position will help you get good air passage flow during the blocks. Discuss the body positioning based upon your sleep apnea symptoms with your doctor and evaluate the right options available. Use a humidifier while sleeping or steam before sleep Sleep apnea seems to worsen up during winter nights. It is due to the dry air that irritates the body and respiratory system. Generally, using a humidifier will help you breathe better by opening the airways. Taking steam before bed is also proven to work better for a good sleep. They tend to open up the blocked passages and hence help you reduce the increased symptoms of sleep apnea.  Sleep apnea might seem like a general issue during every pregnancy. But ignoring it will result in a poor immune system and triggers mental health. Following simple measures will help you have better sleep at night during pregnancy!  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision. 

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26 December, 2020

Importance of vitamin A during pregnancy

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Vitamin-A plays a vital role in a healthy lifestyle. Vitamin-A plays an even important role during pregnancy. It helps with postpartum tissue repair and enhances vision and healing power as well. It also helps your baby’s embryonic growth, including the development of the lungs, heart, eyes, kidneys and bones. Richly found in many of the fruit materials, vitamin A has got a lot of importance.  Know the complete details of its importance and the abundant sources available for you.  Importance of vitamin A for women during pregnancy Enhance the growth and development of tissues and cells during pregnancy Prevents gestational anemia, a condition in which the increased need for iron is seen during pregnancy.  Fights the common infections that affect pregnant women  Tremendously helps to increase the chance of normal delivery during labour.  Prevents the mother from losing vast amounts of blood during labour  Vitamin A also plays an active role in healing the scars in the genital areas.  Enhance the recovery rate from the postpartum in the mothers  Importance of vitamin A for unborns when inside womb  Plays a vital role in the development of the fetus’ teeth, vision and skin.  Ensures that fetus is away and safe from infections Enhance the organ growth of the fetus, especially during the 3rd trimester  Accelerate the fetal development in the second trimester  Proper physical and mental growth of the baby  Right amounts of Vitamin A during pregnancy  When vitamin A consumed in the right amounts, it has fantastic effects on the mother and fetus health. However, when consumed in high doses, it leads to adverse impacts. Too much vitamin A has pieces of evidence that resulted in congenital disabilities. Know the right amounts to be consumed during pregnancy.  Pregnant women age 18 and younger can consume 750 micrograms RAE per day.  Pregnant women age 19 and older can consume 770 micrograms RAE per day.Abundant sources of vitamin A in food Fruits and green leafy vegetables have abundant amounts of vitamin A available in them. A few of the major ones include Carrots, Spinach, Sweet Potato, Pumpkin, Butternut Squash, Mustard Greens, Collard Greens, Kale. Dried Apricots and liver meat.  Signs to identify vitamin A deficiency  Signs of vitamin A deficiency include impaired night vision and a weakened immune system. Few people also develop a condition called xerophthalmia, a condition in which the cornea becomes dry and thick.In most cases, vitamin A deficiency is rarely observed due to the high abundance and readily available food sources. Due to the same reason, vitamin A supplements are not preferred, which might affect the pregnancy otherwise.Vitamin A plays an active role in developing and maintaining the circulatory, respiratory, and central nervous systems. Consume the right amounts of vitamin A and ensure you have a safe and risk-free pregnancy!!  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.

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