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Bringing a new life to an existence is one of the most precious moments of any parent’s life. At KIMS Cuddles, we strive to make those precious moments of a mother even more memorable and cherishing through our services.

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At KIMS Cuddles, we have beautiful suite rooms which are filled with homely love and warmth to provide you a positive environment. We make sure that time spend with your baby is me...

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Dr. Kavya Priya Vazrala, 9 Months Full Term Care, Antenatal Care, Fertility Services, Fitness & Care, Gynaecology Services, Hi-Risk Pregnancy, Maternity services, Obstetrics, Painless Delivery, Pregnancy Nutrition, VBAC, Woman Health Services


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Dr. Sahithi Balmuri, Antenatal Care, Fertility Services, Fitness & Care, Gynaecology Services, Hi-Risk Pregnancy, Maternity services, Obstetrics, Postnatal care, Pregnancy Nutrition, Vaccination, Well Baby Clinic, Woman Health Services

Health Blogs

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12 January, 2024

Balancing Nutrition with Milestones

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The period from 6 to 24 months is a dynamic phase in a child's life, marked by rapid growth and numerous developmental milestones. Nutrition plays a pivotal role during this time, supporting physical and cognitive advancements. This article explores the intricate balance between nutrition and developmental milestones, offering insights into the nutritional needs that coincide with key stages of growth.The Dynamic Landscape of Development:The developmental milestones from 6 to 24 months encompass a wide array of skills, including motor, cognitive, and social-emotional developments. Understanding these milestones is crucial for parents as they tailor their child's nutrition to support the emerging capabilities and needs.Nutritional Needs during the First Year:The initial six months are dominated by exclusive breastfeeding or formula feeding. This section will delve into the nutritional requirements during this exclusive milk-feeding phase, highlighting the critical role of breast milk or formula in meeting the baby's needs for optimal growth.Introduction of Complementary Foods and Cognitive Milestones:Around the sixth month, as babies start to sit up and show interest in solid foods, the introduction of complementary foods becomes a pivotal step. This section will explore how the introduction of textures and flavors aligns with cognitive milestones such as increased curiosity and awareness of the surrounding environment.Nutrient-Rich Foods for Cognitive Development:Cognitive development during the second half of the first year and into the second year requires specific nutrients. This part of the article will outline the importance of nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, iron, and zinc in supporting cognitive functions and offer a guide to incorporating these into the child's diet.Motor Skills and Nutritional Support:As infants progress from crawling to walking, their motor skills become more refined. Proper nutrition is essential to support the development of muscles, bones, and coordination. This section will provide insights into the nutrients crucial for motor skill development and suggest foods that provide adequate support.Speech and Language Development:The emergence of speech and language abilities is a significant milestone during this period. Nutrients such as vitamins and minerals play a role in supporting these developments. The article will discuss the link between nutrition and speech/language milestones and provide food recommendations.Social-Emotional Milestones and Nutritional Support:The social and emotional growth of a child is intertwined with their nutritional intake. This section will explore how a balanced diet contributes to emotional well-being and social interactions. It will also provide guidance on fostering positive eating habits and relationships with food.Addressing Nutritional Challenges During Milestones:The journey from 6 to 24 months may pose nutritional challenges, such as picky eating or the introduction of allergenic foods. This part of the article will offer practical solutions to address these challenges, ensuring that nutrition remains a supportive force during developmental milestones.Transition to Family Foods:As children approach the age of 2, their diet starts to resemble that of the rest of the family. This section will guide parents on the gradual transition to family foods, emphasizing the importance of continued attention to nutritional needs and preferences.Conclusion:Balancing nutrition with developmental milestones from 6 to 24 months is a dynamic and rewarding endeavor. By understanding the specific nutritional needs associated with various milestones, parents can provide the optimal support for their child's growth and development. This article aims to empower parents with knowledge, helping them navigate the intricate relationship between nutrition and milestones, fostering a healthy and thriving journey for their little ones.This article was written by:Mrs. Pooja Marathe,B.Sc Home Science, PGD Dietetics, MBA Food Management, Pediatric Nutritionist (India, UK), IYCF (India, USA), Certification in Pregnancy Nutrition (Germany), Maternity & Pediatric Nutritionist & Lactation Consultant.KIMS Cuddles, Sec-bad

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12 January, 2024

Allergies and Intolerances in Babies

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As babies embark on their journey of solid food introduction after 6 months, parents often encounter the complexities of allergies and intolerances when new foods are introduced with the hope of acceptance of the fresh food. The child may accept it, throw it out, or spit it if they do not like it. They may also show some discomfort, which could be signs that make it difficult for the mother to understand the acceptance and taste of it. Mothers understand the signs of acceptance and discomfort, and understanding the difference between the two makes it easy for the mother to need to see a doctor because these conditions are different for the well-being of the infant.What are Allergies and Intolerances:We need to start observing the between allergies and intolerances is essential for accurate recognition and management for the child of various age groups. Many parents find it difficult to know the difference between the two as they look quite similar. Immune-mediated food allergies and non-immune-mediated intolerances are examples of adverse food reactions. Nevertheless, there is frequently confusion regarding this distinction and the participation of several pathogenetic pathways. Additionally, there is a mismatch in the real versus perceived prevalence of immune-mediated food allergies as well as extremely common non-immune food reactions. There is a chance that a careless approach to accurately identifying them will result in improper diets that are severely deficient in nutrients.Understanding Signs and Symptoms:We need to recognize that allergies and intolerances rely on observing a few baby signs and symptoms. The common signs and symptoms noticed areSkin reactions (eczema, hives)Gastrointestinal issues (diarrhea, vomiting)Respiratory problems (coughing, wheezing)Behavioral changesFood Intolerance( special dislike for peanuts and vegetables)Common Allergens and Triggers:Certain foods are more likely to trigger allergic reactions in infants from 6 months onwards. These could be found on examination with a routine prescribed investigation. The most common allergens are found to be milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts, soy, wheat, fish, and shellfish. The mother could also observe the foods for triggering factors and where she can note this. She can tell the primary care given upon the visit what foods trigger the above-stated signs and symptoms or if she notices anything different.Lactose Intolerance in Babies:Lactose intolerance is a common form of intolerance, particularly as babies transition to dairy-based foods. Lactose tolerance can be identified during breastfeeding issues when the babies become extremely fussy during feeding and experience vomiting and loose motion, which could be one of the early signs and symptoms of identification. Lactose tolerance can be settled for a few days if the mother excludes dairy from her diet, but still, if this pertains, then investigation prescribed by the neonatologist will help in the identification of the intolerance in detail.Diagnostic Approaches:When allergies or intolerances are suspected, diagnostic approaches become crucial and need to be treated as the top most priority.. Various methods, including skin prick tests, blood tests, and elimination diets, highlighting their benefits and limitations. The results of the test take a longer time. These are special tests run in the labs, which can be costly, but they will help to save the life of a child in the journey. These tests are costly in India and have been performed by special labs which produce accurate results leading to rear findings which can be recorded.Managing Allergies and Intolerances:Once allergies or intolerances are confirmed, managing becomes key to ensure the baby's health and well-being. The allergens which have been identified can be excluded from the foods of the baby. We also need to ensure we adequately educate the parents in reading good labels, warning signs, and a list of ingredients.Parents can effectively manage food allergies and may adhere to a different food choice.Introduction of Solid Foods and Allergenic Foods:The timing and method of introducing solid foods at the age of 6 months can impact the development of the child, and also there can be nutritional deficits. Talking to a nutritionist will help the parents identify which nutrient is lacking by the child in their growth and development and that will be beneficial for the child to not have any compromised health.Breastfeeding and Allergy Prevention:Breastfeeding in allergy prevention is a crucial aspect of managing allergies in babies. Breastfeeding plays a crucial role in allergy prevention for infants. Breast milk contains antibodies such as IgA and IgE and protein based nutrients that strengthen the baby's immune system, reducing the risk of allergies. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months is recommended to provide optimal protection against allergic reactions and promote overall health; however, if kids are found to have allergies in the first 6 months, then they are advised special formulas that will help them prevent these allergies.Managing Emotional Aspects:Managing emotional aspects in food allergies involves open communication with family and near ones. This helps to educate oneself and others and practice empathy. Coping with anxiety or fear requires strong support from family and friends, emphasizing safe food environments, and cultivating resilience. The Emotional challenges associated with food allergies enhance the overall well-being of individuals, and community work brings in a lot of love and faith, which helps the family to grow.Allergies and Intolerances: A Lifelong JourneyAllergies and intolerances create a lifelong journey of navigating dietary choices that need to be altered by age and situation. Parenst need to foster constant check with feedback, education, and adaptability to become helpful if they see a parent require any support..Managing symptoms, seeking medical guidance, and fostering understanding in social gatherings are ongoing aspects of life and can't be avoided. Despite these challenges, we must embrace a proactive and informed approach, ensuring a balanced and fulfilling lifestyle.Conclusion:In conclusion, we must understand that child food allergies require a multifaceted approach encompassing education, communication, and follow-up management. Empathy and understanding from doctors, educators, and parents play a pivotal role. Children with food allergies can thrive With well-informed strategies, a supportive environment, and a community, ensuring a healthy and inclusive upbringing.This article was written by:Mrs. Pooja Marathe,B.Sc Home Science, PGD Dietetics, MBA Food Management, Pediatric Nutritionist (India, UK), IYCF (India, USA), Certification in Pregnancy Nutrition (Germany), Maternity & Pediatric Nutritionist & Lactation Consultant.KIMS Cuddles, Sec-bad

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12 January, 2024

Benefits of Breastfeeding Beyond 6 Months

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Breastfeeding is a remarkable journey that goes beyond the initial months of a baby's life. While many mothers may choose to introduce complementary foods around six months, continuing to breastfeed beyond this point offers numerous benefits for both the baby and the mother. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the advantages and considerations of breastfeeding beyond six months, addressing the nutritional, emotional, and developmental aspects of this unique and valuable relationship.The World Health Organization's Recommendations:Before delving into the benefits, it's essential to understand the recommendations provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). This section will outline the WHO guidelines, which recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and continued breastfeeding alongside appropriate complementary foods for up to two years or beyond.Nutritional Benefits for the Baby:Breast milk is a dynamic and ever-changing source of nutrition. Beyond six months, it continues to provide essential nutrients crucial for the baby's growth and development. This part of the exploration will discuss the nutritional benefits of breast milk, including the ongoing supply of antibodies, vitamins, minerals, and customized nutrients that adapt to the baby's changing needs.Continued Immune System Support:One of the remarkable features of breast milk is its ability to bolster the baby's immune system. This section will delve into the antibodies, white blood cells, and other immune-boosting components present in breast milk, highlighting how continued breastfeeding beyond six months contributes to the ongoing protection against infections and illnesses.Balanced Nutrition during the Transition to Solids:As babies transition to solid foods, breast milk serves as a valuable complement. This part of the exploration will discuss how breastfeeding beyond six months supports balanced nutrition during the gradual introduction of complementary foods. It will touch upon the role of breast milk in compensating for gaps in the nutritional profile of solid foods during this transitional period.Enhanced Cognitive Development:Breast milk is not only a source of physical nourishment but also plays a role in cognitive development. This section will discuss the components in breast milk that contribute to brain development, emphasizing how continued breastfeeding beyond six months may have positive implications for cognitive abilities and intelligence.Emotional and Psychological Benefits:The emotional bond established during breastfeeding is unparalleled. Beyond six months, this bond continues to flourish, fostering a sense of security and emotional well-being for both the baby and the mother. This part of the exploration will discuss the emotional and psychological benefits, including comfort, reassurance, and the promotion of a strong mother-infant attachment.Support for Developmental Milestones:Breastfeeding beyond six months aligns with the achievement of various developmental milestones. This section will explore how the physical closeness and comfort provided by breastfeeding support the development of motor skills, speech, and social-emotional milestones. It will emphasize the importance of responsive parenting and the role of breastfeeding in meeting the baby's emotional needs.Introduction of Family Foods and Breastfeeding:As babies begin to explore family foods, breastfeeding remains a vital component of their diet. This part of the exploration will discuss how breastfeeding can support the introduction of family foods, ensuring a gradual and smooth transition to a diverse diet while maintaining a reliable source of nutrition and comfort.Considerations for the Mother:While breastfeeding offers numerous benefits, it's essential to consider the mother's well-being as well. This section will address considerations such as maternal nutritional needs, the impact on fertility, and the balance between breastfeeding and maternal responsibilities or employment. Practical tips for managing extended breastfeeding will also be discussed.Weaning at the Child's Pace:Weaning is a gradual and individualized process. This part of the exploration will emphasize the importance of weaning at the child's pace, respecting their cues and preferences. It will discuss the gradual reduction of breastfeeding sessions and the introduction of alternative sources of nutrition as the child becomes more independent.Cultural and Societal Perspectives on Extended Breastfeeding:Breastfeeding practices vary across cultures, and societal attitudes may influence mothers' decisions regarding extended breastfeeding. This section will explore cultural perspectives on extended breastfeeding, addressing common misconceptions and offering insights into how societal support can impact a mother's breastfeeding journey.Addressing Common Concerns and Misconceptions:Extended breastfeeding may be met with various concerns and misconceptions. This part of the exploration will address common issues, such as concerns about tooth decay, nutritional adequacy, and social perceptions. Evidence-based information will be provided to help parents make informed decisions.Conclusion:Breastfeeding beyond six months is a multifaceted and deeply rewarding experience for both the baby and the mother. This comprehensive exploration has highlighted the myriad benefits, from ongoing nutritional support to enhanced emotional bonding and cognitive development. By understanding the unique contributions of breast milk beyond the first six months and considering individual circumstances, mothers can make informed decisions that align with the well-being of both themselves and their infants. This guide aims to empower mothers with knowledge, support, and a deeper appreciation for the continued journey of breastfeeding.This article was written by:Mrs. Pooja Marathe,B.Sc Home Science, PGD Dietetics, MBA Food Management, Pediatric Nutritionist (India, UK), IYCF (India, USA), Certification in Pregnancy Nutrition (Germany), Maternity & Pediatric Nutritionist & Lactation Consultant.KIMS Cuddles, Sec-bad

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12 January, 2024

Essential Nutrients for Brain Development in Infants

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The first few years of life are critical for brain development, laying the foundation for a child's cognitive abilities and future success. Nutrition plays a pivotal role during this period, providing the essential building blocks for the intricate process of brain development. In this article, we will explore the key nutrients crucial for optimal brain development in infants, understanding their roles and the impact of a well-balanced diet on cognitive growth.Omega-3 Fatty Acids:Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are fundamental for brain development. This section will delve into the importance of DHA in building neural connections and supporting overall cognitive function. We'll talk about sources of omega-3 fatty acids, such fatty fish, flaxseeds, and chia seeds, and how to include them in an infant's diet.Iron:For hemoglobin to be produced, iron is essential, which carries oxygen to the brain. This part of the article will explore the relationship between iron and cognitive development, emphasizing the increased need for iron during the first two years of life. Foods rich in iron, both heme and non-heme sources, will be highlighted, along with tips for enhancing iron absorption.Zinc:Zinc is a necessary mineral that is vital to neurotransmitter function and overall cognitive performance. This section will discuss the impact of zinc deficiency on brain development and provide insights into zinc-rich foods suitable for infants. Practical tips on combining zinc with other nutrients for optimal absorption will also be covered.Choline:Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that is derived from choline is critical for memory and learning. This part of the article will explore the significance of choline in early brain development and discuss sources such as eggs, liver, and certain vegetables. Guidance on incorporating choline into a baby's diet and potential supplementation considerations will be included.Vitamins:Several vitamins, including B vitamins and vitamin E, contribute to cognitive development. This section will break down the role of these vitamins in supporting various aspects of brain function, from energy metabolism to antioxidant protection. Food sources rich in these vitamins, such as whole grains, nuts, and leafy greens, will be explored.Proteins:Proteins are essential for the formation of neurotransmitters and the overall structure of the brain. This part of the article will discuss the importance of high-quality protein sources in an infant's diet, including breast milk or formula, as well as options like lean meats, dairy products, and plant-based proteins.Iodine:Thyroid hormones are essential for proper thyroid function, and iodine is essential for healthy brain development. This section will examine the link between iodine deficiency and cognitive impairments, emphasizing the importance of including iodine-rich foods in a child's diet. Practical tips on ensuring adequate iodine intake will also be provided.Antioxidants:Vitamins C and E are examples of antioxidants that shield the brain from inflammation and oxidative damage. This part of the article will explore how antioxidants contribute to brain health and discuss food sources such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Tips on creating antioxidant-rich meals for infants will be included.Breastfeeding and Brain Development:One special nutritional source that actively promotes brain growth is breast milk. This section will discuss the specific components of breast milk that contribute to cognitive growth, emphasizing the importance of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life and continued breastfeeding as complementary foods are introduced.Potential Challenges and Solutions:Addressing potential challenges in ensuring infants receive adequate nutrients for brain development is crucial. This section will discuss common challenges, such as picky eating or allergies, and provide practical solutions to overcome these obstacles while maintaining a focus on optimal nutrition.Conclusion:Ensuring proper nutrition for brain development in infants is a responsibility that yields lifelong benefits. By understanding the significance of key nutrients, parents can actively contribute to their child's cognitive growth and lay the groundwork for future learning and success. This article aims to empower parents with the knowledge needed to make informed choices, create nutrient-rich meals, and foster an environment that nurtures the developing brain of their infants.This article was written by:Mrs. Pooja Marathe,B.Sc Home Science, PGD Dietetics, MBA Food Management, Pediatric Nutritionist (India, UK), IYCF (India, USA), Certification in Pregnancy Nutrition (Germany), Maternity & Pediatric Nutritionist & Lactation Consultant.KIMS Cuddles, Sec-bad

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12 January, 2024

Benefits of Homemade Baby Food

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The journey of introducing solid foods to infants is a significant milestone, and many parents find solace in preparing homemade baby food. Not only does it allow for a hands-on approach to a child's nutrition, but it also offers cost-effective and nutritious alternatives to commercially available options. In this article, we will explore the benefits of making baby food at home, delve into key nutritional considerations, and provide a variety of recipes to help parents create wholesome meals for their little ones.Benefits of Homemade Baby Food:Making baby food at home comes with a myriad of advantages. This section will discuss the benefits, including control over ingredients, customization based on the baby's needs, and the potential cost savings compared to store-bought options. Emphasizing the joy of actively participating in a child's nutritional journey, it encourages parents to embrace the process of preparing homemade baby food.Getting Started: Essential Tools and Ingredients:To embark on the homemade baby food journey, parents need a basic set of tools and ingredients. This section will outline essential equipment such as blenders or food processors and discuss key ingredients like fruits, vegetables, grains, and proteins. Practical tips on choosing organic produce and preparing homemade baby food in batches will also be covered.Age-Appropriate Foods:As infants transition to solid foods, it's crucial to provide age-appropriate options that align with their developmental stage. This part of the article will guide parents on selecting the right foods for different age groups, ensuring that the texture and nutritional content are suitable for the baby's evolving needs.Nutritional Considerations:Homemade baby food offers an opportunity to maximize nutritional content. This section will delve into the essential nutrients for infants and how parents can incorporate them into homemade recipes. Discussions on iron-rich foods, healthy fats, and introducing a variety of flavors will be included to help parents create a well-rounded and nutritious diet.Creative and Nutrient-Rich Recipes:The heart of this article lies in providing a diverse array of recipes that cater to various taste preferences and nutritional needs. From simple fruit purees to more complex combinations of vegetables, grains, and proteins, each recipe will be accompanied by nutritional highlights and tips on preparation. This section aims to inspire parents to experiment with flavors and textures, fostering a love for wholesome foods.Avocado and Banana Mash: A nutrient-packed option rich in healthy fats and potassium.Sweet Potato and Carrot Puree: A vibrant and vitamin A-rich puree for eye health and immune support.Quinoa and Apple Cereal: An excellent source of protein and fiber for sustained energy.Spinach and Pear Blend: A iron-rich option promoting healthy blood development.Oatmeal with Blueberries and Yogurt: A delicious and calcium-rich combination for bone health.Broccoli and Cauliflower Medley: A cruciferous vegetable mix for antioxidants and immune support.Chickpea and Sweet Potato Curry: A protein and fiber-packed savory option for developing taste buds.Pumpkin and Lentil Soup: A hearty soup introducing legumes and beta-carotene.Mango and Greek Yogurt Popsicles: A refreshing and calcium-rich treat for teething infants.Brown Rice and Chicken Congee: A comforting and protein-filled congee for added texture and taste.Storage and Safety Tips:Ensuring the safety and freshness of homemade baby food is paramount. This section will provide guidance on proper storage techniques, tips for preventing contamination, and advice on introducing new foods cautiously to monitor potential allergies.Cost-Effectiveness of Homemade Baby Food:In addition to nutritional benefits, making baby food at home can be a cost-effective choice. This part of the article will break down the potential savings compared to commercial options and discuss how strategic shopping and meal planning contribute to affordability.Conclusion:Homemade baby food offers a wholesome and budget-friendly approach to nourishing infants during their transition to solid foods. By understanding the benefits, mastering age-appropriate recipes, and incorporating key nutritional considerations, parents can actively contribute to their child's growth and development. This article aims to empower parents with the knowledge and inspiration needed to embrace the journey of preparing nutritious and cost-effective homemade baby food, fostering a positive and healthy start for their little ones.This article was written by:Mrs. Pooja Marathe,B.Sc Home Science, PGD Dietetics, MBA Food Management, Pediatric Nutritionist (India, UK), IYCF (India, USA), Certification in Pregnancy Nutrition (Germany), Maternity & Pediatric Nutritionist & Lactation Consultant.KIMS Cuddles, Sec-bad

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10 November, 2023

5 best ways to avoid premature labour

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The average length of a human gestation is 280 days or 40 weeks. The gestation period is usually counted from the first day of woman’s last menstrual period. It’s good and healthier for babies not to be born before they’re due. If the labour starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, then it is usually called as premature labour. In this case, the baby is not fully grown and is not entirely ready to come into the outside world.In premature labour, the mother is unable to carry her baby for the full 9-month term. There are a number of reasons behind the preterm labour, including traumas, accidents and unpredictable diseases. Although the reasons are not clear, here are the common and best advisable ways to avoid premature labour.Learn what you can do to prevent early labour!  See your health care provider early and regularly during your pregnancy. Prenatal care is designed over the years to minimise the risk and complications of pregnancy. A good health care provider can ensure and plan your pregnancy. Attend all prenatal appointments with your doctor and have all the screening tests to check your health and your baby’s health. Understand the common problems of the pregnancy and check the root causes in case of complications. Understanding the root causes will help you and your doctor plan better labour for you.  Stay away from smoke, drink, or illegal usage of drugs. Protect your baby’s health and well being by staying away from smoke, drink or usage of drugs. Indirect exposure or passive exposure will also cause tremendous issues. Get help to quit for your or your family members around you, if needed. Always remember tobacco and alcohol will cause harm to your pregnancy! Stay or get to a healthy weight during pregnancy. Overweight and underweight women have a higher chance of giving premature birth. Work with your doctor and understand the weight demands during pregnancy. Try to achieve a healthy weight based on what your doctor suggests. Don’t get discouraged; even a small change in your weight may lower the chance of giving birth to a preterm baby. Always keep your weight on check.  Track your chronic diseases and take care of them  Inform your health care provider in case of any chronic disease such as diabetes, blood pressure or gastritis. They have to be kept well controlled before, during and after pregnancy. However, if any of the chronic conditions worsen during pregnancy, the chances for premature labour are higher. Thus, tracking and taking care of such chronic diseases is highly important.  Practice a healthy diet and regular yoga Taking care of your body and mind during pregnancy plays a vital role in the health of the baby. Eat a variety of foods and drink lots of water to maintain the balance of vitamins, proteins and minerals in your body. Do regular exercise or yoga to boost your metabolism and contain the stress levels.  Preterm pregnancies cant always be prevented. But following a healthy routine will definitely lower the chances of premature births. Studies suggest that women who get routine prenatal care are more likely to have a healthier pregnancy and baby.    *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.

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27 December, 2022

Tips for dealing with postpartum vaginal discharge

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Lochia, or the vaginal discharge that a woman’s body produces following childbirth, is expected to last for a few days to weeks after delivery. After birth, the rapid flow of blood and mucus begins. For the first 2-3 days after birth, the bleeding will be severe and contain blood clots. However, after a few days, the flow will gradually decrease to spotting before stopping entirely. When the uterus recovers after a few weeks, the flow colour can change from dark red to brown, then yellowish-white. It’s an unavoidable and inevitable occurrence, and the only thing you can do is wait for it to end. It continues to decrease in volume before entirely ending. Here are a few essential tips to keep you prepared for this postpartum vaginal discharge.  Pile up with sanitary napkins and replace them regularly. You’ll need big pads with a lot of absorption potential in the first few days. Maintaining strict sanitation and keeping your private parts washed will help you prevent more postpartum infections. To keep away the infections, avoid having tampons or menstrual cups. Empty the bladder regularly, even if you don’t have the urge. This will relieve you.  Medications that thin the blood, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, should be avoided. Seek your doctor’s suggestion for any other medicines during lochia.  Increase your iron content in your food and get enough rest.  It would help to avoid heavy exercises and strenuous athletic movements. Your body is tired, and you must acknowledge what it needs.  Your body will have to get rid of the excess blood and tissues if you give birth vaginally or by c-section. The rate and length of bleeding following a c-section would be the same as with natural childbirth. However, if the blood discharge is bright red within the first week of delivery and the lochia discharge increases rather than decreasing over time, you should see your doctor.  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before making any decision. 

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17 November, 2022

Taking care of mental wellbeing during pregnancy

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Pregnancy often is a happy and joyous phase to treasure and cherish. It brings a mix of feelings for you, and not all of them are good. Few thoughts might even trigger the mental health that might disturb you so much during and after the pregnancy. It’s just as important to look at your mental wellbeing and health during pregnancy as your physical health.  For your safe and happy pregnancy, a happy lifestyle is crucial. However, it is good to notice your mood drifts to identify the problems in the early stages.  What can you usually experience?  While mood swings are common during pregnancy, continuous and long down moments are not good. Take a look at the durations you are down.  Feeling fear or anxiety all the time about your baby or pregnancy.  Having negative thoughts about your life, pregnancy and relation  Feeling burdened with unknown pressure in your mind can relate to the stress of pregnancy but requires attention.  Common mental problems experienced during pregnancy  Depression during Pregnancy “During pregnancy, the symptoms of depression such as changes in sleep, appetite, and energy levels are often difficult to distinguish from the regular experiences of pregnancy.“ says Diana Carter, MBBS Xanthoula Kostaras, BSc. In her recent publication, she mentioned that up to 70% of women report some negative mood symptoms during pregnancy. However, she specified the prevalence of women who meet the diagnostic criteria for depression is between 13.6% at 32 weeks gestation and 17% at 35-36 weeks gestation.It is always good to monitor the conditions and seek medical support when required. High amounts of Anxiety  Anxiety is another unsettling feeling during pregnancy which ignites worry or fear over things that might happen. In 95% of the cases, pregnancy increases the insecurities. The concerns might be about pregnancy complications, being a bad mother or not facilitating everything their baby requires in future.Although it is good to have thoughts about the future, allowing many negative thoughts might trigger yours and baby’s health. Continuous panic attacks  The sudden and intense physical responses with unexplained emotions with paralysed fear are panic attacks. Usually, during these attacks, breathing gets hitched, and a sudden trauma gets you down with immense fear. You might not find appropriate words to explain or brief why or what triggered your fear.  Practising yoga or meditation will help you analyze and overcome such situations better.  Immediate treatments available  Seek for the support. Talk to your partner or family related to the issues you are going through. Ask them a hand to help you overcome this.  Meet up with your doctor. Seeking medical support is entirely common, and you can use medication for the same. Attend talk therapies. Talking one-on-one with your therapist can be an excellent way to manage pressure, deal with depression, and ease anxiety or stress during pregnancy.   Engaging in a healthy lifestyle with comforting activities like yoga, meditation and exercise.  Picking up the old hobby you left behind like sketching, singing or cooking that you love to do.    Many pregnant moms feel pressure and anxiety during pregnancy but do not let the mental health disturb your unborn child’s health. This World Mental Health Day recognise your inner strengths and cope up with the regular mental health issues with a positive stride. For the health of you and your baby, take care of yourself physically and mentally. Be sure to eat well, exercise, get enough sleep, and take your prenatal vitamins!

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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

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No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So it is no wonder that you get all such thoughts. However, do not put them all to yourself. Talk them out with your best buddies and family. Let them know your concerns and allow them to soothe you down.  Exercise must be your normal  We are not talking about heavy workouts and impulsive training. It is all about simple meditation and gentle exercise. Mild exercise during pregnancy will lower cortisol levels; the stress hormone is partly responsible for your stress. Thus, regular exercise will help you stay fit and help you check your stress levels during pregnancy.  You can choose simple exercises like walking, swimming, low paced stationary bike etc. Learn more about safe cardio exercises that you can consider during pregnancy here.  Take time out for yourself You might feel upset over small things. It is normal to be so during pregnancy. Do not feel wrong about such instances. Instead, when you feel low or feeling upset over something, take some time out for yourself to calm you down. Pick your favourite activity that you love to do and spend enough time with it. Try it for yourself! Taking a break can do significant wonders for your mental health, especially during pregnancy! Do not skip your doctor appointments  Visiting your doctor regularly for prenatal appointments will make you feel at ease. Knowing your condition and baby’s condition will help you better understand the situation. At times, a simple talk with your doctor can help you calm down. Regular appointments will also help you check for the complications of pregnancy. An excellent way to check your mental health and ease you as well!  Remember, it is perfectly alright to worry about your unborn baby. Whether the baby is healthy or growing out well inside. But, do not let these thoughts overcome the joy of your pregnancy. Follow the above-mentioned suggestions to reduce your stress during pregnancy and enjoy the blissful moments of your life!!  *Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision. 

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25 October, 2021

Pelvic Pain

Authored By: Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

Pelvic Pain Pelvic pain is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis. It can stem from multiple causes. Pelvic pain arises from the conditions associated with reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from muscles and ligaments in the pelvis. Pelvic pain can be due to irritation of nerves in the pelvis. Chronic pelvic pain is constant or intermittent pelvic pain for six months or more. Pelvic pain may spread to lower back, buttocks or thighs. Pelvic pain can also be situational, such as while using the bathroom or have sex. Causes More than one condition can lead to Pelvic pain. Common causes of acute pelvic pain Ovarian cyst– it is fluid-filled bubble arising from an ovary and causes pelvic pain when it ruptures or becomes twisted Acute pelvic inflammatory disease– a bacterial infection of the reproductive organs, which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with Antibiotics. Ectopic Pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions) Miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain) Appendicitis – a painful swelling of the appendix which usually causes pain on the lower right-hand side of your abdomen Peritonitis– inflammation of the peritoneum; it causes sudden abdominal pain that gradually becomes more severe and requires emergency treatment Urinary tract infection – it will cause pain or a burning sensation while urination Kidney stones Constipation or bowel spasm – this could be due to changes in diet, medication, irritable bowel syndrome or, in rare cases, a bowel obstruction Less common causes include: Pelvic abscess –it is collection of pus in between pelvic organs requiring urgent treatment Endometriosis – a condition where bits of endometrium is found outside the uterus, such as on the ovaries, leading to painful periods Uterine fibroids Long-term pelvic pain If pelvic pain persist for 6 months or more that is either intermittent or continuous, it’s known as chronic pelvic pain. The most common causes of chronic pelvic pain are: Endometriosis Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease – a bacterial infection of female reproductive organs which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with antibiotics Irritable bowel syndrome – a common condition of the digestive system that can cause cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation Conditions involving the muscles, joints, and ligaments in the pelvis, lower back, or hips. Less common causes of chronic pelvic pain are: Recurrent ovarian cysts  Recurrent urinary tract infection Lower back pain Prolapse of the uterus– where the uterus slips down along with other organs from its normal position and usually causes a “dragging” pain Adenomyosis – endometriosis that affects the muscle of the uterus, causing painful, heavy periods Fibroids – tumours(non-cancerous) of the uterus, fibroids can be painful if they twist, but uncomplicated fibroids aren’t usually painful Chronic interstitial cystitis – chronic inflammation of the bladder Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) –It includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, which affect the gut Hernia  Trapped or damaged nerves in the pelvic area  Uterine cancer Cervical cancer Vulvodynia Symptoms Worsening of menstrual cramps Menstrual pain Vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge Painful or difficult urination Constipation or diarrhoea Bloating or gas Blood seen with a bowel movement Blood in urine Pain during intercourse Fever or chills Pain in the hip area Pain in the groin area Diagnosis To begin with, your doctor will do a complete examination to look for problems with your reproductive system. The doctor will need complete information about past and present health and symptoms. You might need to undergo some tests, such as: Blood and urine tests for signs of infection. A pregnancy test. Tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs)– vaginal culture Emotional issues can be a big part in chronic pain. Inform your doctor about any depression or stress that is adding to your problem. Your Doctor will need to know about any past or current sexual or physical abuse. It can be tough to talk about these things, but all this information is needed to provide right treatment. If initial tests don’t suggest anything significant, then you might have to go for other tests that show pictures of the organs in your belly. These may include: Abdominal and pelvic X-rays. Diagnostic laparoscopy Hysteroscopy (procedure to examine the uterus). Stool guaiac test- tests microscopic blood in stool sample Lower endoscopy such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy Ultrasound  CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis Finding the cause of pelvic pain can take long time. You should keep record about the type of pain you have, timings and any precipitating factors. Treatment Once your condition is diagnosed- you will be treated for that problem. Some common treatments include: Birth control pills or hormone treatment for problems related to your periods. Surgery for removal of a growth, cyst, or tumor. Medical management- such as an antibiotic for infection or medicine for irritable bowel syndrome. If you are not diagnosed foe the condition causing pelvic pain-you can be offered treatment to help you manage the pain. Best results are seen from a combination of treatments such as: Pain relievers called NSAIDs, like ibuprofen or naproxen. Tricyclic antidepressant medicine or anticonvulsants, which can help with pain and with depression. Cognitive-behavioural therapy or biofeedback, to help you change the way you think about or react to pain. Counselling, to give you emotional support and reduce stress. Physical therapy to help you relax your muscles, improve your posture, and be more active. Pain relievers that are injected (local anaesthetic) into specific areas to help with pain. You may need to try many treatments before you find the ones that help you the most. If the things you’re using aren’t working well, ask your doctor what else you can try. Taking an active role in your treatment may help you feel more hopeful.

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