High blood pressure in pregnancy is defined as blood pressure higher than 140/90. If a pregnant woman has high blood pressure, it can result in severe health problems in the mother and the baby, especially if it continues beyond 20 weeks of pregnancy. High blood pressure can also trigger a condition known as preeclampsia. Some of the possible causes of high blood pressure in pregnancy include:
- Being overweight or obese at the time of conceiving
- Regular consumption of alcohol and smoking
- Sedentary lifestyle with no exercise
- Multiple pregnancy
- Age of the mother over 40 years at the time of pregnancy
- Family history of preeclampsia or chronic hypertension
If you have high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy, you must take special care. Here are 6 ways to cope with it during pregnancy:
- Consume salt appropriately
Pregnant women who have hypertension must not avoid salt completely, as even low levels of sodium can cause complications. The body needs a small amount of sodium to work properly. During pregnancy, it is advised to monitor your salt intake in order to keep your blood pressure under control. This can be done by:
- Avoiding processed foods, fast food and sports drink, which are high in sodium
- Reducing the amount of salt in cooking and switching to herbs and spices to enhance flavor
- Avoiding canned foods which are high in sodium
- Go for Walks
Women who have a sedentary lifestyle are at an increased risk for hypertension during pregnancy. Hypertensive women can reduce their blood pressure by walking daily for about 30 to 45 minutes. It is one the best cardiovascular exercises for pregnant women and can be continued throughout pregnancy.
- Add more Potassium to your diet
Potassium helps maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance during pregnancy. It also helps control your blood pressure while you’re pregnant. Potassium-rich foods are important to manage hypertension. Pregnant women should try to aim for between 2,000 and 4,000 mg of potassium daily. Bananas, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, orange juice, potatoes, bananas, kidney beans and peas are some of the best sources of potassium.
- Practice Prenatal Yoga
Yoga encourages stretching and focuses on breathing. Practicing yoga during pregnancy can reduce stress, improve sleep, increase strength, flexibility and endurance of muscles needed for childbirth, and reduces lower back pain. It can also help keep pregnant women stress-free and reduce hypertension. Join a yoga class to get the most out of the benefits of prenatal yoga.
- Watch Your Weight
Although some amount of weight gain during pregnancy is normal, it is important to keep it under control. A 2013 study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that gestational weight gain can lead to hypertension during pregnancy. Eat a healthy diet and follow proper exercise routines to avoid gaining excessive weight during pregnancy and keeping blood pressure under control. Talk to the experts at KIMS Cuddles to find out how much weight is right for you.
- De-stress with Music
Listening to music for at least 30 minutes, several times a day, can help lower your blood pressure. Music can also help you deal with stress and anxiety. Choose slow-tempo and low-pitch, soothing music for best results. Try something without lyrics or loud instrumentation to calm yourself down, even when you’re highly stressed. Remember that stress is not good for you and your fetus.
By keeping your blood pressure under control, you can enjoy a healthy and safe pregnancy. If you have hypertension during pregnancy, meet our team of doctors at KIMS Cuddles to learn more about what might be helpful in controlling it. Hope thsi blog about high blood pressure in pregnancy was helpful to you.