08 July, 2021

When & how to start Toilet Training in children

Toilet training success depends more on the physical, behavioural, emotional and cognitive readiness of the child, rather than a particular age.

  • Most children are ready for toilet training by 18 – 24 months.
  • But some children might not be ready even up to 2.5 years or older.
  • Starting toilet training before the child is ready can result in more problems and a longer time.

 Pointers that child is ready for toilet training –

  • Dry periods of 2 hours or more during daytime.
  • Dislikes the feeling of wet or dirty diaper.
  • Can pull pants up and down.
  • Indicates bowel movement through words, expressions, posture.
  • Sits on the toilet chair without resistance.
  • Can follow simple instructions.

Toilet training can be started if most of the above pointers are present.

Steps to toilet training –

  • Toilet seat – Use a comfortable potty chair or special adapter toilet seat that can be placed on the regular toilet seat. The feet of the child should be placed on a stool if they are not able to touch the floor.
  •  Communication – Child should be encouraged to use the seat. He/she should be told repeatedly how everybody else in the house uses the toilet.
  • Observation – Child should be allowed to observe other family members while they are using the toilet.
  •  In the beginning have your child sit on the seat for few minutes several times a day with the clothes on, especially during the times when a bowel movement is expected. After the child is comfortable, start seating them bare bottomed.
  • Toilet routine – Accompany the child every time in the beginning. Read a potty training book or use a special toy when your child is using the toilet seat.
  • As soon as child indicates bowel movement, he/she should be immediately taken to the toilet. This helps them in developing an association between bowel movement and toilet.
  • Rewards – Praise the child or use some incentives for using the potty.
  • No diapers – After the child has used the toilet successfully many times, he/she should be kept without diapers during daytime.
  • Night time training – is more difficult to achieve and can take a much longer time. Child should be allowed to sleep in diapers at night. Gradually, much after day time control is achieved the child should be encouraged to wake up at night for passing urine/stools.
  • Urinating in boys – First teach boys to urinate sitting down. After they have learnt that, then teach them to urinate in standing position.
  • Never scold or embarrass child. – Occasionally child may not use the toilet especially when he/she is absorbed in some activity or in an unfamiliar place.

Take it easy – If even after few weeks of trying your child is not able to use the toilet or is resisting to do so, do not worry. Stop the toilet training for few months and then restart.


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12 January, 2024

Benefits of Breastfeeding Beyond 6 Months

Breastfeeding is a remarkable journey that goes beyond the initial months of a baby's life. While many mothers may choose to introduce complementary foods around six months, continuing to breastfeed beyond this point offers numerous benefits for both the baby and the mother. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the advantages and considerations of breastfeeding beyond six months, addressing the nutritional, emotional, and developmental aspects of this unique and valuable relationship.The World Health Organization's Recommendations:Before delving into the benefits, it's essential to understand the recommendations provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). This section will outline the WHO guidelines, which recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and continued breastfeeding alongside appropriate complementary foods for up to two years or beyond.Nutritional Benefits for the Baby:Breast milk is a dynamic and ever-changing source of nutrition. Beyond six months, it continues to provide essential nutrients crucial for the baby's growth and development. This part of the exploration will discuss the nutritional benefits of breast milk, including the ongoing supply of antibodies, vitamins, minerals, and customized nutrients that adapt to the baby's changing needs.Continued Immune System Support:
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Important Vaccines in the first few years of baby’s life

The first few years are very essential for your baby’s general health and well-being. Your newborn may be at risk from deadly diseases such as polio, chickenpox, etc. Infectious viral diseases such as polio are caused by a virus that attacks a child’s nervous system and needs immunization or vaccination to prevent the same. For instance, immunization for polio are given in the form of Pulse Polio drops. When it comes to your baby’s health, you want to be absolutely sure and safe. Therefore, every parent wants to know more about the vaccinations to be administered to your child from the time of birth. Due to this very reason, pediatricians give out a vaccination schedule to the parents. This vaccination schedule has a list of all the mandatory and optional vaccines that your baby needs in his/her growing years to protect them from several diseases. Here is a quick roundup of the most important vaccines that your child may need in the first few years. Immunization Schedule for Newborn Baby Vaccination at Birth: There are three vaccines which are given as soon as the baby is born. These are: BCG: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is a vaccine given to prevent tuberculosis. It is a mandatory vaccine as there is a global attempt by health agencies to eradicated TB completely, especially in
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