24 June, 2019

Important Vaccines in the first few years of baby’s life

The first few years are very essential for your baby’s general health and well-being. Your newborn may be at risk from deadly diseases such as polio, chickenpox, etc. Infectious viral diseases such as polio are caused by a virus that attacks a child’s nervous system and needs immunization or vaccination to prevent the same. For instance, immunization for polio are given in the form of Pulse Polio drops.

When it comes to your baby’s health, you want to be absolutely sure and safe. Therefore, every parent wants to know more about the vaccinations to be administered to your child from the time of birth. Due to this very reason, pediatricians give out a vaccination schedule to the parents. This vaccination schedule has a list of all the mandatory and optional vaccines that your baby needs in his/her growing years to protect them from several diseases.

Here is a quick roundup of the most important vaccines that your child may need in the first few years.

Immunization Schedule for Newborn Baby

Vaccination at Birth:

There are three vaccines which are given as soon as the baby is born. These are:

  • BCG: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is a vaccine given to prevent tuberculosis. It is a mandatory vaccine as there is a global attempt by health agencies to eradicated TB completely, especially in highly dense countries like India. BCG vaccine may leave a small scar on the arm.
  • OPV: Oral polio vaccine is given to protect against the debilitating polio disease. This is also a mandatory vaccine. The reason why it is compulsory is not just for the safety of an individual child, but also to eradicate the disease completely. These are given as drops to infants.
  • Hepatitis B (1st Dose): This vaccine prevents liver infections caused by Hepatitis virus and is mandatory at the time of birth. However, 2 or 3 doses of the vaccine are recommended. Also, doctors suggest that the vaccine be given at the time of birth and booster doses can be planned later.

After this, there are several other vaccines that are recommended to be given to your child. Here are their details listed month-wise:

Vaccine at 1 month:

In this month, only one vaccine is given which is the Hepatitis B (2nd Dose). This is usually given when the baby is 5 weeks or older.

Vaccines at 2 months:

In the second month, the child is vaccinated with the first dose against a host of diseases such as whooping cough and meningitis, etc.

  • OPV1/OPV1+IPV1 (Inactivated Polio Vaccine): These are also some of the vaccines given to protect against Polio, but this is in injection form and is given on the infant’s thigh.
  • DPT/DTaP (1st Dose): The first dose of this vaccine is given to prevent Diphtheria (upper respiratory illness), Pertussis (Whooping Cough) and Tetanus in children, and is a mandatory vaccine. For complete dosage, the infant has to get 3 shots of DPT/DTaP vaccine within the 1st year of birth. This is also injected on the thigh.
  • HiB (1st Dose): Hib or Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine prevents serious infections caused by a type of bacteria called Haemophilus influenza type b. These infections include meningitis, pneumonia, and epiglottises.
  • Rotavirus: The first dose of this vaccine is given to provide protection against rotavirus attack, which is a major cause of diarrhea and other gastroenteritis disorders.
  • PCV: The first dose of this vaccine protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that cause diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis.

Your child may have mild fever after these vaccines and the pediatrician will prescribe medication for the same.

Vaccines at 3 Months

This month the second doses of all vaccines that were administered in the 1st month are given. These include OPV2/OPV2+IPV2, DPT/DTaP, HiB, Rotavirus, and PCV.

Vaccines at 4 Months

During the 4th month, the 3rd doses of most of the vaccines are given. These include OPV3/OPV3+IPV3, DTP, DTaP, Hib, PCV, Rotavirus, etc.

Vaccination at 6 Months

During this month, the 3rd dose of Hepatitis B vaccine is given.

Vaccine at 9 Months

During this month, the MMR Vaccine is given. This is done to protect against measles, mumps and rubella.

Vaccine at 12 Months

Once the course of Hepatitis B vaccines is over, the doctor suggests a shot of vaccine to protect against Hepatitis A. This is given after the 1st birthday as two shots 6 months apart.

Vaccine at 15-18 Months

  • MMR: A booster dose of MMR is given at this stage.
  • Varicella vaccine: Varicella vaccine, also known as chickenpox vaccine, is a vaccine that protects against chickenpox. One dose of vaccine prevents 95% of moderate disease and 100% of severe disease. The first dose is given at this stage.
  • PCV: Booster dose is given at this stage.
  • IPV+OPV booster dose is also given at this stage.

As the child grows, there are many other vaccines that are administered over the years. Check with your doctor about the same.

Things to Keep in Mind

Here are some of the points to keep in mind about baby vaccinations.

  1. Most experts advice that a gap of minimum one month should be maintained between two doses of vaccine.
  2. Take your vaccination chart along when you visit a pediatrician to check what vaccine is due.
  3. Vaccines come in different brands and your pediatrician will suggest accordingly.
  4. Do not feed your child heavily before vaccinations. They may cry in pain which can lead to vomiting.
  5. To provide comfort to the baby, try and breastfeed after the vaccination.
  6. You may notice a change in eating pattern in moods for 2-4 days after vaccination.
  7. Do not massage the area where the shot was given, for up to 3 days.
  8. Baby may get slight fever which can last for 2-3 days.

When your baby is born in KIMS Cuddles, the best maternity hospital in Hyderabad, he will have the best doctors and pediatrician attending to him in the first few days of his life. Visit us for more information about vaccination of both child and the parent.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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02 February, 2022

The Ultimate Guide to Taking Care of Toddlers in the Winter

With the cold weather already here, you may be thinking about whether it’s safe for your toddler to play outside or not. However, no matter if the temperatures outside are decreasing, toddlers during the winter require physical activities because they are great stress relievers for them when they are cooped up inside their house for so many hours. Thus, it is safe for a toddler to play outside during the cold weather. The American Council of Exercise even recommends that the children should receive approximately 60 minutes of physical activity each day. So you may allow your toddler for outdoor play in different intervals by providing them breaks after 10 to 20 minutes.  Here are several other tips that will facilitate outdoor play for your toddlers while keeping them safe. Dressing Them Properly During Cold Weather Toddlers during the winter should be sent outside to play only after dressing them in layers.  The layered dressing will help to keep the body warm of your toddler with scarves, boots, hats, earmuffs, socks or mittens. Additionally, the layers will not only protect your child while they’re playing outside but will also help to retain their body heat through the air pockets present in the different clothes. Though your child may become sweaty through outdoor play, you can always take off one layer. It is even recommended to dress your child in an extra layer as compared to an average adult.
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29 January, 2022

Common Diseases and Issues: Caring For a Baby And How To Prevent Them.

Caring for a baby is very crucial because during the initial first year the baby’s immune system is quite weak. Due to this, there are amplified chances for him or her to develop several common diseases in babies or sickness in infant. But with the right care, you can treat common diseases in babies easily. However, new parents and caregivers may have several questions related to their infants’ healthcare. So this guide will help you to know how to care for your baby and prevent the common diseases in babies and sickness in infant. Now let’s have a look at the common diseases in babies worth one year or less and how to care for them, or how to prevent them earlier only.  Bowel movements Keeping track of the bowel movement of your infant is crucial because this can help you to know if your infant is likely to develop any disease. So the different factors you need to consider regarding the bowel movement of your baby are as follows. Consistency. Initially, the consistency of your kid’s stool will range from loose, runny or soft. However, infant or formula-fed may have stools with a tan yellow shade and firmer as compared to the infants who are breastfed. All you need to consider while checking the consistency of your infants’ stool is that it should not be hard or very
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11 January, 2021

Are seizures in children common while sleeping

When the brain short-circuits, a seizure (also known as a convulsion) arises. Seizures can result in uncontrollable body twitches, a loss of communication, and urine. Sleep is disrupted for some children not by nightmares but by seizures. These sudden strokes are far more prevalent at night.  When the brain is excessively fatigued and just entering a sleep state or just waking up, it is more prone to these electrical explosions. It’s easy to confuse a night terror’s shrieking and passiveness for a seizure. However, Night terrors, on the other hand, frighten us without the classic symptoms of attacks like drooling, limb jerking, tongue biting, or incontinence. Common seizure signs that occur in children There are a few common signs that can help you recognize seizures in children. Here goes the list: Sudden jerking movements while sleeping  Continuous staring or spacing out  Not having control over urination or losing control over the bladder. Sudden loss of consciousness or awareness about the surroundings. In the case of toddlers, the child does not respond to the actions for a long time.  Stiffening of the body or body movements  Causes of Seizures in Children Seizures are usually seen between the
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