22 August, 2021

Constipation in Children

Constipation in children is a common problem which needs support from parents and as well as paediatrician’s advice.

What is constipation?

Infrequent bowel movement with passage of hard stools is known as constipation.

What are the common causes of constipation in a child?

Many factors contribute to constipation in children such as

  • Changes in diet– not enough fibre, fruits and vegetables in diet
  • Improper toilet training– if you began toilet training too soon, your child may start holding the stool. Usually toilet training starts from 18months to 24months of age.
  • Stress and hot weather
  • Withholding of stool when they are uncomfortable using public toilets
  • Cow’s milk allergy- Allergy to cow’s milk or consumption of too much dairy products.
  • Some medical conditions like anatomic malformations, hypothyroidism, neurodevelopment impairment and digestive system problems. 

What are the symptoms and signs of constipation?

  • Less than 3 bowel movements per week
  • Passing hard and dry stool 
  • Straining and pain while passing stool
  • Decreased appetite and intermittent stomach pain
  • Soiling of your child’s underwear
  • Sometimes blood stains along with hard stool may be seen
  • Child crossing his or her legs, clenching buttocks while attempting to pass stool

What are the risk factors for childhood constipation?

  • Sedentary life style and less outdoor activity
  • Poor dietary habits with not enough fibre
  • Not drinking adequate amount of water
  • Child having neurological disorders

What complications can occur due to chronic constipation?

Usually constipation will not cause serious complications. However, if it becomes a chronic problem then the following complications can occur:

  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Painful breaks in the skin around the anus (known as anal fissures)
  • Part of rectum comes out of anus (Rectal Prolapse)
  • Withholding of stool due to pain can lead to leakage of stool and soiling of underwear (Encopresis)

How to prevent constipation in children?

  • Promote physical activity
  • Encourage your child to drink more fluids and to take adequate fibre in diet.
  • Maintain a daily toilet routine
  • Be supportive and reward for good bowel habits
  • Don’t skip medications for any medical condition that can lead to constipation (Eg:Hypothyroidism)

Which foods are rich in fibre?

  • Green leafy vegetables – Spinach, Lettuce, Cabbage, Broccoli etc
  • Fresh Fruits – Green banana, Papaya, Apple, Orange, Grapes, Kiwi, Pears, Strawberries  & Guava etc
  • Wheat, Oats, Chickpeas, Corn, kidney beans and nuts like almonds etc.

What foods need to be avoided in diet?

  • Cookies, Chocolates, Chips, Cakes, Soft drinks, Excessive dairy products, fried foods, Red meat, too much refined sugar etc.

When do you need to see your Paediatrician?

Take your child to paediatrician when 

  • Constipation lasts longer than 2weeks
  • Burning sensation/ crying while passing urine
  • Crying or refuses to squat due to pain around the anus.
  • If its associated with decreased appetite
  • Presence of blood in stool
  • Abdomen distension 
  • Part of large intestine comes out of anal opening (rectal Prolapse)

Bristol stool chart helps you in identification of type of stool your child is passing


blog featured image

02 February, 2022

The Ultimate Guide to Taking Care of Toddlers in the Winter

With the cold weather already here, you may be thinking about whether it’s safe for your toddler to play outside or not. However, no matter if the temperatures outside are decreasing, toddlers during the winter require physical activities because they are great stress relievers for them when they are cooped up inside their house for so many hours. Thus, it is safe for a toddler to play outside during the cold weather. The American Council of Exercise even recommends that the children should receive approximately 60 minutes of physical activity each day. So you may allow your toddler for outdoor play in different intervals by providing them breaks after 10 to 20 minutes.  Here are several other tips that will facilitate outdoor play for your toddlers while keeping them safe. Dressing Them Properly During Cold Weather Toddlers during the winter should be sent outside to play only after dressing them in layers.  The layered dressing will help to keep the body warm of your toddler with scarves, boots, hats, earmuffs, socks or mittens. Additionally, the layers will not only protect your child while they’re playing outside but will also help to retain their body heat through the air pockets present in the different clothes. Though your child may become sweaty through outdoor play, you can always take off one layer. It is even recommended to dress your child in an extra layer as compared to an average adult.
blog featured image

29 January, 2022

Common Diseases and Issues: Caring For a Baby And How To Prevent Them.

Caring for a baby is very crucial because during the initial first year the baby’s immune system is quite weak. Due to this, there are amplified chances for him or her to develop several common diseases in babies or sickness in infant. But with the right care, you can treat common diseases in babies easily. However, new parents and caregivers may have several questions related to their infants’ healthcare. So this guide will help you to know how to care for your baby and prevent the common diseases in babies and sickness in infant. Now let’s have a look at the common diseases in babies worth one year or less and how to care for them, or how to prevent them earlier only.  Bowel movements Keeping track of the bowel movement of your infant is crucial because this can help you to know if your infant is likely to develop any disease. So the different factors you need to consider regarding the bowel movement of your baby are as follows. Consistency. Initially, the consistency of your kid’s stool will range from loose, runny or soft. However, infant or formula-fed may have stools with a tan yellow shade and firmer as compared to the infants who are breastfed. All you need to consider while checking the consistency of your infants’ stool is that it should not be hard or very
blog featured image

11 January, 2021

Are seizures in children common while sleeping

When the brain short-circuits, a seizure (also known as a convulsion) arises. Seizures can result in uncontrollable body twitches, a loss of communication, and urine. Sleep is disrupted for some children not by nightmares but by seizures. These sudden strokes are far more prevalent at night.  When the brain is excessively fatigued and just entering a sleep state or just waking up, it is more prone to these electrical explosions. It’s easy to confuse a night terror’s shrieking and passiveness for a seizure. However, Night terrors, on the other hand, frighten us without the classic symptoms of attacks like drooling, limb jerking, tongue biting, or incontinence. Common seizure signs that occur in children There are a few common signs that can help you recognize seizures in children. Here goes the list: Sudden jerking movements while sleeping  Continuous staring or spacing out  Not having control over urination or losing control over the bladder. Sudden loss of consciousness or awareness about the surroundings. In the case of toddlers, the child does not respond to the actions for a long time.  Stiffening of the body or body movements  Causes of Seizures in Children Seizures are usually seen between the
Loading booking..