12 August, 2021

3 Common Childhood Respiratory Infections And Their Prevention

Your baby’s human respiratory tract is exposed to the outside world to allow air and carbon dioxide to pass through, giving it an ideal entrance site for viruses that might cause sickness. Respiratory diseases, which affect the nose, throat, and lungs, are frequent, particularly in youngsters who have not yet developed immunity to the viruses and bacteria that can cause such disorders.

  1. Influenza

    Influenza, also known as the flu, is a virus that causes high fevers, muscular pains, tiredness, cough, and a runny nose for five to seven days. Pneumonia and subsequent bacterial infections might result in hospitalisation as a result of influenza complications. Influenza, especially in young children, can be severe, even fatal. Fevers in children are often greater than in adults, and their stomach problems are typical.

    However, vaccines are available that will reduce the severity of the infection and prevent the early attack. No medication is available, which will reduce the flu immediately, but the antiviral medication will help fasten the child’s recovery. 

  2. Upper respiratory infection – The common cold 

    The other respiratory infection caused by viruses is “the upper respiratory infection”, regularly termed “Common Cold.” The occurrence of cold is common in both adults and children. However, it affects children more times, with more symptoms when compared to adults. For example, adults have 3-4 colds per year, whereas children have 6-8 colds per year. 

    Adults and children have relatively similar symptoms, although children may additionally have a small temperature, whereas adults do not. Although viruses cause common colds, these are less severe than influenza and less likely to lead to subsequent pneumonia. Proper medication and rest will subside the symptoms of the cold. 

  3. Strep throat or Sore throat 

    A bacterial infection is always the cause of strep throat. The bacteria Group A Streptococcus (also known as “group A strep”) affects the throat and tonsils, responding swiftly to medicines. A sore throat is unpleasant, but it is not as unpleasant as strep throat. Viruses are the most prevalent cause of the common cold. This implies that antibiotics will not affect it.

    In both children and adults, strep should be addressed seriously and treated as soon as feasible. It can lead to significant health issues, such as rheumatic fever, a dangerous inflammatory illness that affects the heart, joints, nervous system, and skin if left untreated. It can also cause renal disease and rheumatic heart disease.

Prevention is the most powerful strategy for respiratory diseases. Being careful and following basic measures will help us greatly prevent the attack of these common issues in children. Hands should be washed regularly. Respiratory infections are spread by saliva and nasal secretions, which can be spread through direct contact, such as shaking hands, touching shared surfaces like doorknobs and counters, or coughing in a public place. 

To eliminate any viruses or germs that may be remaining on your skin, wash for at least 20 seconds with warm water and soap. And keep your hands away from your eyes, nose, and mouth. Many viruses enter the body through these openings.

*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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12 January, 2024

Benefits of Breastfeeding Beyond 6 Months

Breastfeeding is a remarkable journey that goes beyond the initial months of a baby's life. While many mothers may choose to introduce complementary foods around six months, continuing to breastfeed beyond this point offers numerous benefits for both the baby and the mother. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the advantages and considerations of breastfeeding beyond six months, addressing the nutritional, emotional, and developmental aspects of this unique and valuable relationship.The World Health Organization's Recommendations:Before delving into the benefits, it's essential to understand the recommendations provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). This section will outline the WHO guidelines, which recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and continued breastfeeding alongside appropriate complementary foods for up to two years or beyond.Nutritional Benefits for the Baby:Breast milk is a dynamic and ever-changing source of nutrition. Beyond six months, it continues to provide essential nutrients crucial for the baby's growth and development. This part of the exploration will discuss the nutritional benefits of breast milk, including the ongoing supply of antibodies, vitamins, minerals, and customized nutrients that adapt to the baby's changing needs.Continued Immune System Support:
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12 January, 2024

Allergies and Intolerances in Babies

As babies embark on their journey of solid food introduction after 6 months, parents often encounter the complexities of allergies and intolerances when new foods are introduced with the hope of acceptance of the fresh food. The child may accept it, throw it out, or spit it if they do not like it. They may also show some discomfort, which could be signs that make it difficult for the mother to understand the acceptance and taste of it. Mothers understand the signs of acceptance and discomfort, and understanding the difference between the two makes it easy for the mother to need to see a doctor because these conditions are different for the well-being of the infant.What are Allergies and Intolerances:We need to start observing the between allergies and intolerances is essential for accurate recognition and management for the child of various age groups. Many parents find it difficult to know the difference between the two as they look quite similar. Immune-mediated food allergies and non-immune-mediated intolerances are examples of adverse food reactions. Nevertheless, there is frequently confusion regarding this distinction and the participation of several pathogenetic pathways. Additionally, there is a mismatch in the real versus perceived prevalence of immune-mediated food allergies as well as extremely common
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24 June, 2019

Important Vaccines in the first few years of baby’s life

The first few years are very essential for your baby’s general health and well-being. Your newborn may be at risk from deadly diseases such as polio, chickenpox, etc. Infectious viral diseases such as polio are caused by a virus that attacks a child’s nervous system and needs immunization or vaccination to prevent the same. For instance, immunization for polio are given in the form of Pulse Polio drops. When it comes to your baby’s health, you want to be absolutely sure and safe. Therefore, every parent wants to know more about the vaccinations to be administered to your child from the time of birth. Due to this very reason, pediatricians give out a vaccination schedule to the parents. This vaccination schedule has a list of all the mandatory and optional vaccines that your baby needs in his/her growing years to protect them from several diseases. Here is a quick roundup of the most important vaccines that your child may need in the first few years. Immunization Schedule for Newborn Baby Vaccination at Birth: There are three vaccines which are given as soon as the baby is born. These are: BCG: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is a vaccine given to prevent tuberculosis. It is a mandatory vaccine as there is a global attempt by health agencies to eradicated TB completely, especially in
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