31 March, 2018

Ways in which Paternal Age can affect Fertility

It is a well-known fact that advanced maternal age can increase the chances of infertility or pregnancy related complications. A woman over 35 years of age may find it difficult to bear children. However, advanced maternal age i.e. age of the father can also be a big factor on a couple’s fertility. Advanced age of the male partner may negatively impact fertility, directly and indirectly, including longer time to conceive, decreased sperm quality, and increased risk for miscarriage and birth defects.

What is Advanced Paternal Age?

There is disagreement among experts about the age at which male sperm quality or motility sees a decline. However, most seem to agree that advanced paternal age may refer to male age over 40. After this point, males see a slow, gradual decline in their fertility.

Ways in which Paternal Age can affect Fertility

Several studies have shown that paternal age can cause a decline in fertility. This is mostly due to decrease in the quality and quantity of sperm. The findings of these studies have revealed that:

  • Men over 45 took five times longer to achieve pregnancy as compared to men less than 25
  • During intrauterine insemination (IUI), men less than 35 had double the success rate of men over 35
  • A meta-analysis of male sperm found that increased paternal age was associated with decreased sperm count, decreased sperm motility, abnormal morphology, decreased semen volume and decreased sperm concentration. Sperm motility was also seen to suffer due to increased paternal age.
  • Erectile dysfunction may also increase as the men age. This makes it more difficult for men to have intercourse and in turn, decrease the chances of pregnancy.

Paternal Age and Genetic Disorders

Just like the age of mother, advanced paternal age can significantly increase the risk of genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. As a man ages, his sperm may have undergone thousands of replications. Each replication carries a risk of mutation that could lead to an anomaly. It is believed that 5% of trisomy (Down syndrome) is caused due to paternal factors. If your family has a history of genetic disorders, meet your doctor to discuss genetic testing options.

Paternal Age and Autism

Some studies have shown the relationship between paternal age and autism. Decreased cognitive ability, schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder are believed to be the outcomes of advanced paternal age. Here are some findings on the relationship between paternal age and autism spectrum disorder:

  • In a study, when paternal age increased by 10 years, the risk of autism increased by 21%
  • Another study found that children born to men over 40 years of age were at 3.3 times increased risk of developing autism as compared to those born to men under 30.

These findings clearly suggest that paternal age has direct effect on a man’s fertility as he gets into his 40s. It also increases the risk of genetic anomalies, cognitive disabilities and autism. So it is better for both men and as well women to understand the consequences and plan their pregnancy accordingly. Meet our experts at KIMS Cuddles to help plan out your pregnancy.

*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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01 February, 2018

7 Fertility mistakes every couple makes

When trying to conceive for the first time, couples often make certain mistakes that delay conception. Here are 7 common fertility mistakes every couple makes and ways to improve your chances to get pregnant: Timing Typically, women have a 28-day cycle, which means ovulation generally happens around day 14. However, it isn’t guaranteed that every woman goes through the same. Individual cycles vary and you may have one that’s shorter or longer. In order to figure out the exact date of your ovulation, you can count back 14 days from the day you started your period. Seeing an expert to soon Most women under 35 take up to a year to get pregnant. If you’re feeling frustrated after trying for 6 or 7 months, and don’t have any underlying health problem, it is better to wait it out. Almost 80% of healthy couples get pregnant within a year. If you’re over 35, see an expert after six months of trying. Waiting too long to see an expert Sometimes, there are exceptions to the one-year-wait rule. If your cycle is shorter than 25 days or longer than 35 days, if your periods are painful or heavy, or you’ve experienced a pelvic infection in the past, see a doctor sooner to get everything checked.
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15 February, 2018

5 Ways your Home may be causing your infertility

Sometimes, despite having no apparent health problems, you may find yourself dealing with infertility. It may be worthwhile to take a closer look at certain external factors that may be the reason behind your inability to conceive. One of them is the home you live in. Here are 5 things in your home that may be the reason behind your infertility: Soaps Antibacterial soap may be expert at eliminating germs, but it may also have an effect on your chances of conceiving. Apart from these, certain shampoos, dishwashing liquids, and certain toothpaste may contain triclosan – a chemical linked to the endocrine disruption that may play havoc with your hormones and interfere with your reproductive system. In men, triclosan can reduce sperm count. Make sure your household soaps are free from this substance. Canned Goods Hard plastics and those used to make microwave-safe food containers and water bottles may contain a chemical known as BPA or bisphenol A. It can also be found in the linings of aluminum cans. According to research, high levels of BPA in men’s urine can lower their sperm count. Even in women, those with twice as much BPA in their bloodstream had half as many viable eggs. Research has shown a link between BPA levels and polycystic ovary syndrome. Avoid
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19 February, 2018

5 Facts about smoking and infertility

Smoking is injurious to your health. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your overall well-being. If you’re a smoker, you probably know that it can affect your fertility. In order to improve your chances of conceiving, it is important to quit smoking. Here are 5 facts about smoking and infertility that you should know: Smoking can cause infertility Those who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than non-smokers. If you’ve been smoking for many years or smoke many cigarettes per day, you are at an increased risk for fertility problems. Smoking spreads more than 7000 chemicals throughout your entire body and organs. This can cause fertility problems, such as : Problems with ovulation Genetic problems Damage to your reproductive organs Damage to eggs or premature menopause Increased risk of cancer and miscarriage When smokers take fertility treatments, they tend to take longer to get pregnant. They are also likely to give birth to babies with health problems. Secondhand smoke can affect your fertility If your partner is a smoker and you’re trying to get pregnant, encourage them to stop smoking. Secondhand smoke may expose you to toxic chemicals that affect your fertility. Experts say that secondhand smoke is as damaging to your fertility as smoking
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