31 March, 2018

Ways in which Paternal Age can affect Fertility

It is a well-known fact that advanced maternal age can increase the chances of infertility or pregnancy related complications. A woman over 35 years of age may find it difficult to bear children. However, advanced maternal age i.e. age of the father can also be a big factor on a couple’s fertility. Advanced age of the male partner may negatively impact fertility, directly and indirectly, including longer time to conceive, decreased sperm quality, and increased risk for miscarriage and birth defects.

What is Advanced Paternal Age?

There is disagreement among experts about the age at which male sperm quality or motility sees a decline. However, most seem to agree that advanced paternal age may refer to male age over 40. After this point, males see a slow, gradual decline in their fertility.

Ways in which Paternal Age can affect Fertility

Several studies have shown that paternal age can cause a decline in fertility. This is mostly due to decrease in the quality and quantity of sperm. The findings of these studies have revealed that:

  • Men over 45 took five times longer to achieve pregnancy as compared to men less than 25
  • During intrauterine insemination (IUI), men less than 35 had double the success rate of men over 35
  • A meta-analysis of male sperm found that increased paternal age was associated with decreased sperm count, decreased sperm motility, abnormal morphology, decreased semen volume and decreased sperm concentration. Sperm motility was also seen to suffer due to increased paternal age.
  • Erectile dysfunction may also increase as the men age. This makes it more difficult for men to have intercourse and in turn, decrease the chances of pregnancy.

Paternal Age and Genetic Disorders

Just like the age of mother, advanced paternal age can significantly increase the risk of genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. As a man ages, his sperm may have undergone thousands of replications. Each replication carries a risk of mutation that could lead to an anomaly. It is believed that 5% of trisomy (Down syndrome) is caused due to paternal factors. If your family has a history of genetic disorders, meet your doctor to discuss genetic testing options.

Paternal Age and Autism

Some studies have shown the relationship between paternal age and autism. Decreased cognitive ability, schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder are believed to be the outcomes of advanced paternal age. Here are some findings on the relationship between paternal age and autism spectrum disorder:

  • In a study, when paternal age increased by 10 years, the risk of autism increased by 21%
  • Another study found that children born to men over 40 years of age were at 3.3 times increased risk of developing autism as compared to those born to men under 30.

These findings clearly suggest that paternal age has direct effect on a man’s fertility as he gets into his 40s. It also increases the risk of genetic anomalies, cognitive disabilities and autism. So it is better for both men and as well women to understand the consequences and plan their pregnancy accordingly. Meet our experts at KIMS Cuddles to help plan out your pregnancy.

*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So
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20 June, 2020

Relationship between infertility and stress

Learning about infertility profoundly affects the couples who go through it. The amounts of anxiety and stress that build around their lifestyle creates much more hassle to overcome infertility. We know the stress levels that surround up with infertility, yet there is an interconnection between them. Stress is considered one of the significant factors for the infertility issue to surface. And once the problem is known, high amounts of stress recoup, increasing the root cause of infertility. In avoiding this, a complete understanding of their relationship is to be understood. Stress accounts as one of the significant factors for infertility It was first revealed in the 1990s that stress plays an essential role in the infertility process equally in both men and women. However, it took a couple of years to present the statistical data and accurate experimental results to show the results. The emotional balance therapy and stress minimizing treatments have shown positive effects on fertility chances. To understand this simple, let’s say your brain is smart enough. It does not favor the fertility condition while your body is in stress to avoid extra pressure. The only way to soothe your body function is typically to set your brain free from stress. Post-stress levels impact on treatments outcome Infertility is often fought by the patients alone and is considered
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22 May, 2020

What Is Polyhydramnios And How To Deal With It

Your baby swims in the amniotic fluid for the 9 months that she’s in your womb. This fluid plays an important role in the baby’s health. She needs just the right amount of fluid to protect and help her grow. Normal amniotic fluid levels in later stages of pregnancy are between 5 and 25 cm, or about 800-1000 ml. If the measurement is over 25, it is called polyhydramnios. So what exactly is polyhydramnios and does it pose any risks for mom and Baby? Read on to know more. What is Polyhydramnios? Polyhydramnios is the excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid – the fluid that surrounds the baby in the uterus during pregnancy. This condition occurs in about 1 to 2 percent of pregnancies. Most cases of polyhydramnios are mild and result from a gradual buildup of amniotic fluid, during the second half of pregnancy. Severe polyhydramnios may cause shortness of breath, preterm labor, or other signs and symptoms. When a pregnant woman is diagnosed with polyhydramnios, the doctor will carefully monitor your pregnancy to help prevent complications. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Mild polyhydramnios may go away on its own. Severe polyhydramnios may require closer monitoring. These are rare and are sometimes seen with babies who have blockage along gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of Polyhydramnios Polyhydramnios symptoms result
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