30 January, 2019

Varicocele and Male Infertility: Know more

A varicocele is an enlarged vein in the scrotum and testicle, usually found on the left side, but possibly found on both sides of the scrotum, and very rarely only the right side. Varicoceles are relatively common, occurring in up to 15% of men. They are the leading cause of male infertility, found in 40% of men with low sperm counts. Varicoceles are treatable, as long as other fertility problems aren’t present for the male or female partner.

Symptoms of Varicocele

Many people are unaware of a varicocele until they experience fertility issues. Doctors usually conduct an abnormal semen analysis, followed by a physical exam to determine varicocele. Some men may experience signs or symptoms besides infertility. These may include:

  • A dull ache or feeling of heaviness in the testicle, especially after exercise
  • A swelling or mass in the scrotum, sometimes described as feeling like a bag of noodles
  • One testicle noticeably smaller than the other


A varicocele can be diagnosed during a physical exam. If a varicocele is present, it will be visible when the urologist asks you to stand up and bare down. It disappears when you are in a horizontal position. It is possible to have a varicocele that isn’t noticeable during a physical exam and only discovered with the use of ultrasound. However, a varicocele of this size is usually left untreated, as research has not found an association to infertility in these cases.

Varicocele and Infertility

The presence of a varicocele has been associated with lowered sperm count, an increase in DNA damaged sperm, poor sperm morphology (or shape), and poor sperm movement. It isn’t clear why varicoceles causes infertility, but there are some theories. The most popular theory is that the pooled blood raises the overall temperature in the scrotum and testicles. Increased scrotal heat can be damaging to sperm.

It is also believed that poor circulation leads to increased levels of toxins, which in turn leads to poor semen health. Some people also suggest the increased scrotal pressure harms semen health.


Treatment of varicocele depends on its size. Whether it causes you pain, there are additional fertility factors at play, and what you and your partner’s recommended fertility treatment plan looks like.

Varicocele treatment options include:

  • Microsurgical varicocelectomy – A highly skilled surgery, performed inguinal, or sublinguinal, using a microscope to aid in the repair. This surgical technique has the fewest risks and the shortest recovery time, making it the surgical treatment of choice.
  • Laparoscopic varicocelectomy – A surgery where repair is done via the abdomen. Due to the increased risk and longer recovery time, this technique is rarely chosen.
  • Percutaneous embolization treatment – A non-surgical technique with fewer risks and pain than either of the above surgical treatments. It involves a radiologist injecting into the problem vein small coils or alcohol to block the vein that is causing the trouble.

Success rates will vary from person to person, but research has found improvement in semen health in more than two-thirds of patients. Also, 30 to 50% of couples will be able to achieve pregnancy naturally after surgery.

All treatments for varicocele carry some degree of risk. Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles will be able to help you with information on risks, success rates, and recovery times.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So
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20 June, 2020

Relationship between infertility and stress

Learning about infertility profoundly affects the couples who go through it. The amounts of anxiety and stress that build around their lifestyle creates much more hassle to overcome infertility. We know the stress levels that surround up with infertility, yet there is an interconnection between them. Stress is considered one of the significant factors for the infertility issue to surface. And once the problem is known, high amounts of stress recoup, increasing the root cause of infertility. In avoiding this, a complete understanding of their relationship is to be understood. Stress accounts as one of the significant factors for infertility It was first revealed in the 1990s that stress plays an essential role in the infertility process equally in both men and women. However, it took a couple of years to present the statistical data and accurate experimental results to show the results. The emotional balance therapy and stress minimizing treatments have shown positive effects on fertility chances. To understand this simple, let’s say your brain is smart enough. It does not favor the fertility condition while your body is in stress to avoid extra pressure. The only way to soothe your body function is typically to set your brain free from stress. Post-stress levels impact on treatments outcome Infertility is often fought by the patients alone and is considered
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22 May, 2020

What Is Polyhydramnios And How To Deal With It

Your baby swims in the amniotic fluid for the 9 months that she’s in your womb. This fluid plays an important role in the baby’s health. She needs just the right amount of fluid to protect and help her grow. Normal amniotic fluid levels in later stages of pregnancy are between 5 and 25 cm, or about 800-1000 ml. If the measurement is over 25, it is called polyhydramnios. So what exactly is polyhydramnios and does it pose any risks for mom and Baby? Read on to know more. What is Polyhydramnios? Polyhydramnios is the excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid – the fluid that surrounds the baby in the uterus during pregnancy. This condition occurs in about 1 to 2 percent of pregnancies. Most cases of polyhydramnios are mild and result from a gradual buildup of amniotic fluid, during the second half of pregnancy. Severe polyhydramnios may cause shortness of breath, preterm labor, or other signs and symptoms. When a pregnant woman is diagnosed with polyhydramnios, the doctor will carefully monitor your pregnancy to help prevent complications. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Mild polyhydramnios may go away on its own. Severe polyhydramnios may require closer monitoring. These are rare and are sometimes seen with babies who have blockage along gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of Polyhydramnios Polyhydramnios symptoms result
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