11 May, 2021

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of a part of your urinary system, which includes your:

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters (Connects kidneys to your bladder)
  • Bladder
  • Urethra (a short tube that connects bladder to outside your body)

Bacteria cause most UTIs. It can affect anyone, but they’re most common in women, and it can me more frequent if you’re pregnant.

Why are UTIs common during pregnancy?

UTIs are common during pregnancy as the growing fetus can put pressure on the bladder and urinary tract. This traps bacteria or causes urine to leak.

There are also physical changes to consider. As early as six weeks of pregnancy, almost all pregnant women experience ureteral dilation, when the urethra expands and continues to expand until delivery.

The increased size of urinary tract, along with increased bladder volume and decreased bladder tone, all cause the urine to become more still in the urethra. This allows bacteria to grow.

To make matters worse, a pregnant woman’s urine gets more concentrated and it has certain types of hormones and sugar. These encourages bacterial growth and lower your body’s ability to fight off infection.


If you have a UTI, you may have:

  • Urgent need to urinate or urinating more often
  • Trouble with urinating
  • A burning sensation or cramps in your lower back or lower abdomen
  • A burning feeling when you urinate
  • Urine that looks cloudy or has odor
  • Blood in your urine, which can turn it red, bright pink, or cola-colored

Incase of kidney infection, you may have:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Upper back pain, mostly on just one side

If you have symptoms of a kidney infection, take treatment immediately as per your Doctor. Without proper treatment, the infection can progress and spread causing life-threatening conditions.


  • Preterm labor
  • Severe infection
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome
  • Anemia
  • Long-term infection


To try to avoid getting a UTI:

  • Drink minimum eight glasses of water a day.
  • Wipe yourself from front to back when you go to the bathroom and not back to front.
  • Empty your bladder before and after sex.
  • If you need a lubricant when you have sex, choose a water-based one.
  • Don’t douche.
  • Avoid feminine deodorants or soaps that cause irritation.
  • Wash your genital area with warm water before sex.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Take showers instead of baths.
  • Don’t wear pants that are too tight.
  • Pee often and don’t hold urine for long hours
  • Avoid alcohol, citrus juices, spicy food, and caffeinated drinks, which can irritate your bladder.


After detailed history and examination, following tests might be needed depending on severity of infection-

  • Urine microscopy
  • Urine culture & sensitivity
  • Ultrasound pelvis
  • Xray-KUB


Pregnant women should see their doctor if they have any symptoms of a UTI. Without treatment, a UTI can cause serious complications.

A 3-7 days course of antibiotics may be necessary to treat a UTI during pregnancy. Following antibiotics can be given only after urine culture & sensitivity-

  • Amoxicillin
  • Ampicillin
  • Cephalosporins
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Irrational use of antibiotics should be avoided as it leads to multidrug resistant infections in future.

If pregnant women develop a kidney infection during pregnancy, they will need hospitalisation. This treatment will involve antibiotics and intravenous fluids.

Recurrent UTIs might need prolonged Antibiotic Therapy upto 3-4weeks.

A short course of antibiotics does not cause any harm to a developing fetus. Research suggests that the benefits of taking antibiotics to treat a UTI are more than the risks of leaving a UTI without treatment.

  • Drinking plenty of water: Water dilutes urine and helps flush bacteria out of the urinary tract.
  • Drinking cranberry juice: Cranberries contain compounds that may help to stop bacteria from attaching to the lining of the urinary tract. This action helps to prevent and eliminate infection.
  • Urinating when the urge arises: This helps bacteria pass out of the urinary tract more quickly.
  • Taking certain supplements: A 2016 study found that a combination of vitamin C, cranberries, and probiotics may help to treat recurrent UTIs in women.

Vaginal Culture & Sensitivity: Examination to rule out vaginal infection should be done especially in cases of recurrent UTI as it occurs concomitantly.


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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So
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10 November, 2023

5 best ways to avoid premature labour

The average length of a human gestation is 280 days or 40 weeks. The gestation period is usually counted from the first day of woman’s last menstrual period. It’s good and healthier for babies not to be born before they’re due. If the labour starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, then it is usually called as premature labour. In this case, the baby is not fully grown and is not entirely ready to come into the outside world.In premature labour, the mother is unable to carry her baby for the full 9-month term. There are a number of reasons behind the preterm labour, including traumas, accidents and unpredictable diseases. Although the reasons are not clear, here are the common and best advisable ways to avoid premature labour.Learn what you can do to prevent early labour!  See your health care provider early and regularly during your pregnancy. Prenatal care is designed over the years to minimise the risk and complications of pregnancy. A good health care provider can ensure and plan your pregnancy. Attend all prenatal appointments with your doctor and have all the screening tests to check your health and your baby’s health. Understand the common problems of the pregnancy and check the root causes in case of complications. Understanding the root causes will help you and
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25 October, 2021

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic Pain Pelvic pain is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis. It can stem from multiple causes. Pelvic pain arises from the conditions associated with reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from muscles and ligaments in the pelvis. Pelvic pain can be due to irritation of nerves in the pelvis. Chronic pelvic pain is constant or intermittent pelvic pain for six months or more. Pelvic pain may spread to lower back, buttocks or thighs. Pelvic pain can also be situational, such as while using the bathroom or have sex. Causes More than one condition can lead to Pelvic pain. Common causes of acute pelvic pain Ovarian cyst– it is fluid-filled bubble arising from an ovary and causes pelvic pain when it ruptures or becomes twisted Acute pelvic inflammatory disease– a bacterial infection of the reproductive organs, which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with Antibiotics. Ectopic Pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions) Miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain) Appendicitis â€“ a painful swelling of the appendix which usually causes pain on the lower right-hand side of your abdomen Peritonitis– inflammation of the peritoneum; it causes sudden abdominal pain that gradually becomes more severe and requires emergency treatment Urinary tract infection – it will cause pain or a burning sensation while urination Kidney stones Constipation or
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