11 May, 2021

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of a part of your urinary system, which includes your:

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters (Connects kidneys to your bladder)
  • Bladder
  • Urethra (a short tube that connects bladder to outside your body)

Bacteria cause most UTIs. It can affect anyone, but they’re most common in women, and it can me more frequent if you’re pregnant.

Why are UTIs common during pregnancy?

UTIs are common during pregnancy as the growing fetus can put pressure on the bladder and urinary tract. This traps bacteria or causes urine to leak.

There are also physical changes to consider. As early as six weeks of pregnancy, almost all pregnant women experience ureteral dilation, when the urethra expands and continues to expand until delivery.

The increased size of urinary tract, along with increased bladder volume and decreased bladder tone, all cause the urine to become more still in the urethra. This allows bacteria to grow.

To make matters worse, a pregnant woman’s urine gets more concentrated and it has certain types of hormones and sugar. These encourages bacterial growth and lower your body’s ability to fight off infection.


If you have a UTI, you may have:

  • Urgent need to urinate or urinating more often
  • Trouble with urinating
  • A burning sensation or cramps in your lower back or lower abdomen
  • A burning feeling when you urinate
  • Urine that looks cloudy or has odor
  • Blood in your urine, which can turn it red, bright pink, or cola-colored

Incase of kidney infection, you may have:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Upper back pain, mostly on just one side

If you have symptoms of a kidney infection, take treatment immediately as per your Doctor. Without proper treatment, the infection can progress and spread causing life-threatening conditions.


  • Preterm labor
  • Severe infection
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome
  • Anemia
  • Long-term infection


To try to avoid getting a UTI:

  • Drink minimum eight glasses of water a day.
  • Wipe yourself from front to back when you go to the bathroom and not back to front.
  • Empty your bladder before and after sex.
  • If you need a lubricant when you have sex, choose a water-based one.
  • Don’t douche.
  • Avoid feminine deodorants or soaps that cause irritation.
  • Wash your genital area with warm water before sex.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Take showers instead of baths.
  • Don’t wear pants that are too tight.
  • Pee often and don’t hold urine for long hours
  • Avoid alcohol, citrus juices, spicy food, and caffeinated drinks, which can irritate your bladder.


After detailed history and examination, following tests might be needed depending on severity of infection-

  • Urine microscopy
  • Urine culture & sensitivity
  • Ultrasound pelvis
  • Xray-KUB


Pregnant women should see their doctor if they have any symptoms of a UTI. Without treatment, a UTI can cause serious complications.

A 3-7 days course of antibiotics may be necessary to treat a UTI during pregnancy. Following antibiotics can be given only after urine culture & sensitivity-

  • Amoxicillin
  • Ampicillin
  • Cephalosporins
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Irrational use of antibiotics should be avoided as it leads to multidrug resistant infections in future.

If pregnant women develop a kidney infection during pregnancy, they will need hospitalisation. This treatment will involve antibiotics and intravenous fluids.

Recurrent UTIs might need prolonged Antibiotic Therapy upto 3-4weeks.

A short course of antibiotics does not cause any harm to a developing fetus. Research suggests that the benefits of taking antibiotics to treat a UTI are more than the risks of leaving a UTI without treatment.

  • Drinking plenty of water: Water dilutes urine and helps flush bacteria out of the urinary tract.
  • Drinking cranberry juice: Cranberries contain compounds that may help to stop bacteria from attaching to the lining of the urinary tract. This action helps to prevent and eliminate infection.
  • Urinating when the urge arises: This helps bacteria pass out of the urinary tract more quickly.
  • Taking certain supplements: A 2016 study found that a combination of vitamin C, cranberries, and probiotics may help to treat recurrent UTIs in women.

Vaginal Culture & Sensitivity: Examination to rule out vaginal infection should be done especially in cases of recurrent UTI as it occurs concomitantly.


blog featured image

30 January, 2018

Ways in which Dads-to-be can help out in Delivery Room

In the delivery room, it is up to the mother to do all the pushing. However, dad can play a major role in the birthing process too. Labor can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. If your partner is able to have a normal, vaginal delivery, you can ask the doctor about being present in the delivery room during birthing process. As a dad, your support and encouragement can go a long way in comforting the mother. Here are some ways in which dads-to-be can help out in the delivery room: Provide Distractions Labor has the tendency to be long and tedious. You may be spending hours doing nothing but waiting for your baby to arrive. You can take your wife’s mind off her discomfort by keeping her distracted. Music, conversations or even card games are a great way to keep her mind occupied. Speak out on her Behalf To do this, it is important you discuss her birth plan in advance. Understand how she feels about episiotomies or what her expectations of the doctor are. Don’t wait until your partner begins having her contractions to find out what kind of assistance she needs from you. Knowing her birth plan in advance makes it easier for you to articulate her needs when she is in pain,
blog featured image

02 February, 2018

Reasons for periods to be late if Pregnancy test is Negative

More often than not, a missed period is an indicator of a woman’s pregnancy. However, that isn’t always correct. A woman may have a delayed or missed period but still, have a negative pregnancy test. There may be several reasons for that happening. Here are some of them: Low Hormone Levels During early pregnancy, the levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) aren’t high enough for a home pregnancy test to detect. So if you’re trying to get pregnant, your negative test result on a home kit may not be correct and you might be pregnant. A woman’s cycle may keep varying and if she conceives later in the cycle, the hormone levels may be low at the time of her missed period. To rule out any complications, be sure to talk to your doctor if you miss your periods and continue to do so. Ectopic Pregnancy Although rare, an ectopic pregnancy can show up as negative on a home pregnancy test. Only about 3 percent or fewer cases of negative tests point towards an ectopic pregnancy. If you have these symptoms along with a negative result, see your doctor immediately: Severe pain in lower abdomen or on one side Dizziness or lightheadedness Bleeding or spotting Nausea and vomiting
blog featured image

10 February, 2018

5 Home remedies for Gas during Pregnancy

Experiencing gas is common during pregnancy. The female body goes through several changes during pregnancy and gas is a result of certain normal body functions. The hormone progesterone, which is responsible for supporting your pregnancy, is also the reason behind that gassy feeling. It relaxes the muscles in your intestine and slows down the digestion process. This allows gas build up and causes bloating, burping, and flatulence. Certain foods and even your prenatal vitamins can cause you to feel gassy. The good news is, there are several things you can try at home to ease gas during pregnancy. Here are some of them: Drink Lots of Fluids Make sure you drink a lot of water every day to avoid gas during pregnancy. Aim for 10-12 glasses per day. You can also include other fluids such as juices. However, if you’re suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), make sure the juice you drink is low in gas and bloating-promoting sugars. Move Around In order to find relief from gas during pregnancy, make physical activity and exercise a part of your daily routine. Walk or exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. Not only does it help keep you physically and emotionally fit, it can also help prevent constipation and speed up digestion. Remember to talk
Loading booking..