09 February, 2019

Miscarriage: Symptoms, Prevention and Everything Else You Wanted to Know

A miscarriage is one of the toughest phases in a pregnant woman’s life. Losing a baby in utero may be a common problem but it still has a physical as well as emotional impact on families.

Miscarriage refers to the loss of a baby in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), about 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage.

By learning everything about why it happens, and how to tell if it’s happening, you can take the right precautions to prevent further complications.

Common Causes of Miscarriage

In most cases, there isn’t anything that you have done to cause a miscarriage – and there’s nothing you can do to prevent it from happening. Contrary to what common myths suggest, miscarriage is not caused by moderate exercise, sex, or even your daily cup of coffee. As per American Pregnancy Association, a chance genetic abnormality in the embryo is the most common cause of miscarriage. Issues that cause miscarriage include:

  • Chromosomal problems: The sperm and egg each contain 23 chromosomes which create 23 perfectly matched pairs of chromosomes during fertilization. A minor glitch in this process can lead to genetic abnormality which prevents the embryo from growing. These genetics are believed to be the biggest cause of miscarriage.
  • Hormonal imbalance: Around 15 percent of all miscarriages are caused due to imbalance in the hormones. For example, insufficient progesterone levels can prevent your fertilized egg from implanting in your uterus.
  • Uterine problems: Problems inside the uterus, such as fibroids, can interfere with implantation or blood supply to the fetus. Women born with a septum, an uncommon uterine defect, are more likely to experience a miscarriage than others. See your doctor to find out whether you have any uterine defects and the appropriate treatment for the same.
  • Chronic Illness: Chronic illnesses such as autoimmune disorders, lupus, heart disease, kidney and liver disease, and diabetes cause as many as 6 percent of all recurring miscarriages. In case you have a chronic illness, see an expert who is experienced in caring for women with your condition.
  • High fever: Developing a high fever of over 102 degrees during early pregnancy may also lead to a miscarriage in early pregnancy. A high core body temperature can be damaging to the embryo before 6 weeks.
  • Other risk factors: Sometimes, other issues can also result in miscarriage. This includes smoking, excessive drinking, maternal trauma such as an accident, certain medications, advanced maternal age (over 35), infections, and even air pollution.

Signs and Symptoms

Although there isn’t much you can do to prevent a miscarriage due to genetic reasons, these are a few warning signs that one can notice before having a miscarriage:

  • Losing a lot of weight
  • White or pink mucus discharge
  • Back pain, which is often worse than normal cramps
  • Bleeding that occurs without cramps
  • Painful contractions that occur every 5 to 20 minutes
  • Clotted tissue passing from the vagina
  • Pregnancy signs that suddenly go away

During a miscarriage, a woman might experience symptoms that include:

  • Severe cramps
  • Bleeding that starts light but becomes heavy
  • Fever or weakness
  • Back or abdominal pain

When you begin experiencing any of these signs or symptoms, see your doctor immediately to find out what to do about it.

Diagnosis and Treatment

In order to confirm a miscarriage, your doctor will perform a pelvic exam, an ultrasound test and blood test. If the miscarriage is complete and the uterus is empty, no further treatment is usually needed.

Occasionally, the uterus is not completely emptied so a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure needs to be done. In this procedure, the cervix is dilated and any remaining fetal or placental tissue is gently removed. Medications may also be given as an alternative to D&C. These medicines cause your body to expel the contents in the uterus.

Blood tests are done to determine the amount of pregnancy hormone hCG that is still there in the body. It indicates how far the miscarriage has progressed. Genetic testing, blood tests or medication may be necessary if a woman has more than two miscarriages in a row (also called recurrent miscarriage).

A woman will be able to continue with normal activities once the bleeding stops after a miscarriage.

Getting Pregnant after a Miscarriage

Experiencing a miscarriage does not mean a woman has fertility problems. According to studies, at least 85% of women who have miscarriages end up having subsequent normal pregnancies and births. Around 1-2% women may have repeated miscarriages and may need diagnostic testing to determine the cause.

If you want to try again after having a miscarriage, try discussing the timing of your next pregnancy with your doctor. Some doctors may recommend waiting up to 3 months before trying to conceive again. In order to prevent another miscarriage, your doctor may also recommend progesterone – a hormone needed for implantation and early support of pregnancy in the uterus.

A miscarriage can be a difficult, emotional time for any parent, especially a mother. Taking time to heal both physically and emotionally is important for a woman’s well-being. Take support of friends and family during this time and remember that a miscarriage is often beyond your control. So don’t blame yourself for it and seek help from your doctor about the future course. Our experts at KIMS Cuddles can guide you on ways to have a healthy pregnancy and will also be a valuable support to you and your partner.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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30 January, 2018

Ways in which Dads-to-be can help out in Delivery Room

In the delivery room, it is up to the mother to do all the pushing. However, dad can play a major role in the birthing process too. Labor can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. If your partner is able to have a normal, vaginal delivery, you can ask the doctor about being present in the delivery room during birthing process. As a dad, your support and encouragement can go a long way in comforting the mother. Here are some ways in which dads-to-be can help out in the delivery room: Provide Distractions Labor has the tendency to be long and tedious. You may be spending hours doing nothing but waiting for your baby to arrive. You can take your wife’s mind off her discomfort by keeping her distracted. Music, conversations or even card games are a great way to keep her mind occupied. Speak out on her Behalf To do this, it is important you discuss her birth plan in advance. Understand how she feels about episiotomies or what her expectations of the doctor are. Don’t wait until your partner begins having her contractions to find out what kind of assistance she needs from you. Knowing her birth plan in advance makes it easier for you to articulate her needs when she is in pain,
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02 February, 2018

Reasons for periods to be late if Pregnancy test is Negative

More often than not, a missed period is an indicator of a woman’s pregnancy. However, that isn’t always correct. A woman may have a delayed or missed period but still, have a negative pregnancy test. There may be several reasons for that happening. Here are some of them: Low Hormone Levels During early pregnancy, the levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) aren’t high enough for a home pregnancy test to detect. So if you’re trying to get pregnant, your negative test result on a home kit may not be correct and you might be pregnant. A woman’s cycle may keep varying and if she conceives later in the cycle, the hormone levels may be low at the time of her missed period. To rule out any complications, be sure to talk to your doctor if you miss your periods and continue to do so. Ectopic Pregnancy Although rare, an ectopic pregnancy can show up as negative on a home pregnancy test. Only about 3 percent or fewer cases of negative tests point towards an ectopic pregnancy. If you have these symptoms along with a negative result, see your doctor immediately: Severe pain in lower abdomen or on one side Dizziness or lightheadedness Bleeding or spotting Nausea and vomiting
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10 February, 2018

5 Home remedies for Gas during Pregnancy

Experiencing gas is common during pregnancy. The female body goes through several changes during pregnancy and gas is a result of certain normal body functions. The hormone progesterone, which is responsible for supporting your pregnancy, is also the reason behind that gassy feeling. It relaxes the muscles in your intestine and slows down the digestion process. This allows gas build up and causes bloating, burping, and flatulence. Certain foods and even your prenatal vitamins can cause you to feel gassy. The good news is, there are several things you can try at home to ease gas during pregnancy. Here are some of them: Drink Lots of Fluids Make sure you drink a lot of water every day to avoid gas during pregnancy. Aim for 10-12 glasses per day. You can also include other fluids such as juices. However, if you’re suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), make sure the juice you drink is low in gas and bloating-promoting sugars. Move Around In order to find relief from gas during pregnancy, make physical activity and exercise a part of your daily routine. Walk or exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. Not only does it help keep you physically and emotionally fit, it can also help prevent constipation and speed up digestion. Remember to talk
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