16 April, 2020

Know more about vaginal tears during delivery

Vaginal or normal birth can lead to tearing or lacerations in many women. This is part of the normal process of a baby passing through the birth canal and out of the vagina. Usually, women giving birth for the first time or those who have larger babies face this. Sometimes, doctors may do episiotomies to make delivery easier to avoid tearing.

Here are the kinds of tears that you can have during delivery:

  1. Periurethral tears:
  2. These tears form around your urethra or the opening where urine comes out. These usually only need to be stitched up if they are bleeding, but they tend to often heal on their own. Doctors use very small stitches so that you don’t have any difficulty urinating. At first, a catheter may be placed in your bladder to help in urination.

  3. First-degree lacerations:
  4. These can occur inside the vagina or outside on the perineum. The degree here refers to how deep the tears are. A first-degree tear is when only the skin tears while everything beneath it is intact. If you’re bleeding, these can be repaired with dissolving stitches.

  5. Second-degree lacerations:
  6. This is usually deeper than a first-degree tear and is when both the skin and muscle below tear as well. These kinds of tears are very common and can be repaired with a long, dissolvable stitch.

  7. Third-degree lacerations:
  8. This is a deeper tear which is caused due to skin and muscle tear, as well as part of the external anal sphincter. A sphincter is a group of muscles that helps hold your stool in. Additional stitches are placed to help bring this sphincter back together. Women with this kind of tear are often put on stool softeners to help avoid constipation as they can be painful and damage the stitches. Sometimes, these women may also need stronger pain medication.

  9. Fourth-degree lacerations:
  10. This is the deepest tear of all and is caused when the tear extends completely into the rectum so that there is a direct passage from the vagina into the rectum. Doctors may use additional layers of sutures to help close this backup and separate vagina from the rectum. This kind of tear can take a while to repair and will need to be done in an operating room. The woman may need either a higher dose epidural or sedating pain medications. It is important to avoid constipation in fourth-degree tear.

    Doctors usually see the women soon after a vaginal delivery to check for lacerations. You may be called for a check-up in the first few days to ensure that your tear is healing well. If you have any questions about vaginal delivery, our doctors at KIMS Cuddles will be happy to answer.

*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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27 December, 2022

Tips for dealing with postpartum vaginal discharge

Lochia, or the vaginal discharge that a woman’s body produces following childbirth, is expected to last for a few days to weeks after delivery. After birth, the rapid flow of blood and mucus begins. For the first 2-3 days after birth, the bleeding will be severe and contain blood clots. However, after a few days, the flow will gradually decrease to spotting before stopping entirely. When the uterus recovers after a few weeks, the flow colour can change from dark red to brown, then yellowish-white. It’s an unavoidable and inevitable occurrence, and the only thing you can do is wait for it to end. It continues to decrease in volume before entirely ending. Here are a few essential tips to keep you prepared for this postpartum vaginal discharge.  Pile up with sanitary napkins and replace them regularly. You’ll need big pads with a lot of absorption potential in the first few days. Maintaining strict sanitation and keeping your private parts washed will help you prevent more postpartum infections. To keep away the infections, avoid having tampons or menstrual cups. Empty the bladder regularly, even if you don’t have the urge. This will relieve you.  Medications that thin the blood, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, should
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17 November, 2022

Taking care of mental wellbeing during pregnancy

Pregnancy often is a happy and joyous phase to treasure and cherish. It brings a mix of feelings for you, and not all of them are good. Few thoughts might even trigger the mental health that might disturb you so much during and after the pregnancy. It’s just as important to look at your mental wellbeing and health during pregnancy as your physical health.  For your safe and happy pregnancy, a happy lifestyle is crucial. However, it is good to notice your mood drifts to identify the problems in the early stages.  What can you usually experience?  While mood swings are common during pregnancy, continuous and long down moments are not good. Take a look at the durations you are down.  Feeling fear or anxiety all the time about your baby or pregnancy.  Having negative thoughts about your life, pregnancy and relation  Feeling burdened with unknown pressure in your mind can relate to the stress of pregnancy but requires attention.  Common mental problems experienced during pregnancy  Depression during Pregnancy “During pregnancy, the symptoms of depression such as changes in sleep, appetite, and energy levels are often difficult to distinguish from the regular experiences of pregnancy.“ says Diana Carter, MBBS Xanthoula Kostaras, BSc. In her recent publication, she mentioned that up to 70% of women report
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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So
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