12 April, 2019

Know more about the Birth control Methods for Men and Women

A lot of new parents get pregnant again because they do not follow proper birth control methods after their baby arrives. This can cause physical as well as emotional strain, especially on the new mom. This is why it is very important to take the right precautions to ensure that you do not have to deal with an unwanted pregnancy.

Birth control methods have been immensely popular among people worldwide and there are several safe and reliable methods for both men and women. Birth control refers to certain actions that you take to prevent or reduce the likelihood of pregnancy. It includes the use of devices, drugs, surgical procedures and other methods to prevent impregnation.

Birth Control Methods for Men and Women

Birth control methods are broadly classified into two main routes. These are:

  1. Contraception: This is a birth control method that prevents the ovum from being fertilized by the sperm.
  2. Contragestion: This is also known as emergency contraception, which involves the use of morning-after pill. It prevents the fertilized egg from implanting in your uterine wall.

Both men and women have a number of options that they can choose from, when it comes to birth control methods. Let us take a look at the options available.

For Men

Male birth control options include:

  1. Outercourse: This refers to sexual intercourse without penetration. It prevents pregnancy by ensuring that the sperm does not enter the vagina. Though many people find it effective, there is a possibility of pregnancy occurring if pre-ejaculate or semen is spilled on the vulva and the sperms then make their way into the vagina. Engaging in outercourse also reduces the risk of developing HIV/AIDS. One the reasons that people choose outercourse is because it does not have side effects or cause hormonal changes.
  1. Condoms: Condoms are probably the most popular birth control method for men. It protects both you and your partner from contracting STDs as they limit skin-to-skin contact. These are easy to get used to and work by collecting semen during sex, thus preventing it from reaching the egg. Using condoms will also reduce your chances of contracting STDs because they prevent bodily fluids from coming into contact with one another. Condoms are available for both men and women, although the latter are not very popular. The only drawback of condoms is it may take some time getting used to and putting them on can take away the mood of intercourse.
  1. Withdrawal: This method is also known as coitus interruptus, or the pull-out method. It is one of the oldest methods of birth control where the male gets his penis out of the vagina before ejaculation. This prevents the sperm from entering the vagina, making it difficult to get pregnant. However, this is not a recommended method as it may still lead to pregnancy if a man is unaware about his reaching point of ejaculation and fails to pull-out in time. Thus, men who ejaculate prematurely or don’t know when to pull out should not try this method.
  1. Vasectomy: This is a permanent birth control method for men, and is probably the most effective one. It is a surgical procedure which involves closing or blocking off the vas deferens tubes that are responsible for carrying the sperm. Thus, the sperm is unable to leave the man’s body. Instead of being ejaculated, the sperm is absorbed by the body. Vasectomy may be done by two different ways. One method involves making an incision which takes about 20 minutes, whereas the other method does not need any incision and can be done in a shorter period of time. Vasectomy is a safe procedure and is the best birth control if one does not want any children in the future. Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles can help you understand about the procedure in detail.

For Women

There are some commonly used birth control methods that women can use to avoid getting pregnant. These include:

  1. Birth Control Pills: The pill is one of the most popular birth control method used by women. It involves taking a pill daily to ward off pregnancy. There are different kinds of birth control pills. Some contain estrogen and progestin, while other contain only progestin. Most women take the one with estrogen and progestin, also known as combination pills. Birth control pills work in the same manner as the implant in preventing pregnancy from taking place. However, it is important to avoid birth control pills when you have uncontrolled high blood pressure; heart or liver problems; vein inflammation or are being treated for blood clots. Make sure your doctor is aware of all your health conditions before you begin using the pill.
  1. Emergency Contraception: Emergency contraception is also known as the morning-after pill. It helps prevent pregnancy after you have had unprotected sex. You can try this up to five days of unprotected sex. The pill works by keeping a woman’s ovary from releasing an egg and prevents fertilization. Broadly, emergency contraception is of two types. This includes:
  • Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Emergency contraceptive pills work by preventing the sperm from reaching the egg. It doesn’t let the ovary to release the egg. Therefore, if you need to take an emergency contraceptive pill, do it as soon as you have unprotected sex.
  • Intrauterine Devices: Many women choose to have an IUD inserted into their uterus to prevent pregnancy. Intrauterine devices are small devices that are shaped like a ‘T’. There are two types of IUDs – the hormonal IUD and the copper IUD. They affect the movement of the sperm so that it is unable to reach the egg. They are safe to use even when you are breastfeeding.
  1. Tubal Litigation: Tubal litigation, or “tying your tubes”, can prevent pregnancy by making a woman infertile. It should be done only if you are certain that you don’t want any children in the future. This is done by two ways:
  • Abdominal Incision: This method involves making an incision above your pubic region to access the fallopian tubes. It is performed under general anesthesia and the doctor cuts and seals the tubes to prevent eggs from reaching your uterus.
  • Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy involves two tiny incisions to block your fallopian tubes. This method is also done under general anesthesia by a specialist.

Tubal litigation has a low failure rate and is an effective birth control method for women. This one-time procedure offers protection against unwanted pregnancy and reduces your risk for pelvic inflammatory disease and ovarian cancer. However, it comes with certain risks of ectopic pregnancy, if the litigation is unsuccessful.

When choosing a birth control method, make sure you ask your doctor about the best one for you. The doctors at KIMS Cuddles will help you choose the one that is certified as being efficient and safe. Different methods have various side effects and risks attached to them, and our expert panel will help you understand them better so that you can make an informed choice.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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30 January, 2018

Ways in which Dads-to-be can help out in Delivery Room

In the delivery room, it is up to the mother to do all the pushing. However, dad can play a major role in the birthing process too. Labor can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. If your partner is able to have a normal, vaginal delivery, you can ask the doctor about being present in the delivery room during birthing process. As a dad, your support and encouragement can go a long way in comforting the mother. Here are some ways in which dads-to-be can help out in the delivery room: Provide Distractions Labor has the tendency to be long and tedious. You may be spending hours doing nothing but waiting for your baby to arrive. You can take your wife’s mind off her discomfort by keeping her distracted. Music, conversations or even card games are a great way to keep her mind occupied. Speak out on her Behalf To do this, it is important you discuss her birth plan in advance. Understand how she feels about episiotomies or what her expectations of the doctor are. Don’t wait until your partner begins having her contractions to find out what kind of assistance she needs from you. Knowing her birth plan in advance makes it easier for you to articulate her needs when she is in pain,
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02 February, 2018

Reasons for periods to be late if Pregnancy test is Negative

More often than not, a missed period is an indicator of a woman’s pregnancy. However, that isn’t always correct. A woman may have a delayed or missed period but still, have a negative pregnancy test. There may be several reasons for that happening. Here are some of them: Low Hormone Levels During early pregnancy, the levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) aren’t high enough for a home pregnancy test to detect. So if you’re trying to get pregnant, your negative test result on a home kit may not be correct and you might be pregnant. A woman’s cycle may keep varying and if she conceives later in the cycle, the hormone levels may be low at the time of her missed period. To rule out any complications, be sure to talk to your doctor if you miss your periods and continue to do so. Ectopic Pregnancy Although rare, an ectopic pregnancy can show up as negative on a home pregnancy test. Only about 3 percent or fewer cases of negative tests point towards an ectopic pregnancy. If you have these symptoms along with a negative result, see your doctor immediately: Severe pain in lower abdomen or on one side Dizziness or lightheadedness Bleeding or spotting Nausea and vomiting
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10 February, 2018

5 Home remedies for Gas during Pregnancy

Experiencing gas is common during pregnancy. The female body goes through several changes during pregnancy and gas is a result of certain normal body functions. The hormone progesterone, which is responsible for supporting your pregnancy, is also the reason behind that gassy feeling. It relaxes the muscles in your intestine and slows down the digestion process. This allows gas build up and causes bloating, burping, and flatulence. Certain foods and even your prenatal vitamins can cause you to feel gassy. The good news is, there are several things you can try at home to ease gas during pregnancy. Here are some of them: Drink Lots of Fluids Make sure you drink a lot of water every day to avoid gas during pregnancy. Aim for 10-12 glasses per day. You can also include other fluids such as juices. However, if you’re suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), make sure the juice you drink is low in gas and bloating-promoting sugars. Move Around In order to find relief from gas during pregnancy, make physical activity and exercise a part of your daily routine. Walk or exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. Not only does it help keep you physically and emotionally fit, it can also help prevent constipation and speed up digestion. Remember to talk
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