27 December, 2018

Diagnosis and Causes of Slow Fetal Growth

Slow fetal growth is also known as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which refers to a condition signifying the slow growth of a baby during pregnancy. Even after taking proper care, your fetus may grow slowly. In this case, the baby is smaller than the average size at that stage of your pregnancy. Here’s what you should know about slow fetal growth:

Types of Intrauterine Growth Restrictions

There are mainly two types of intrauterine growth restrictions occurring during pregnancy.

  1. Symmetrical or primary IUGR: The baby has a symmetrical body in proportion with the internal organs, but is smaller than the size of a normal baby at that age.
  2. Asymmetrical or secondary IUGR: The baby has a normal head and brain, but a smaller body for that gestational age. This is usually not evident until the third trimester.

Causes of Slow Fetal Growth

Various factors such as maternal, fetal and placental can be the reason behind slow fetal growth. These are some of the issues that can cause IUGR:

  1. Preeclampsia: Increase in blood pressure can compress the veins, which restrict the flow of blood to the placenta. This cuts down the supply of oxygen and supplements to the fetus, leading to slow fetal growth.
  2. Multiple Pregnancies: In certain cases of multiple pregnancies, slow fetal development is caused due to the inefficiency of the placenta to meet the nutritional demands of multiple babies.
  3. Infections: Any infection transferred from the mother during pregnancy can lead to slow fetal growth.
  4. Low level of amniotic fluid: Less than sufficient amniotic fluid in the sac can lead to fetal growth restrictions.

Your doctor will measure the fetal growth regularly during your check-ups in order to take timely action in case the growth is slow.


The fetal size can be estimated by measuring the fundal height. However, other procedures can also be used. These include:

  1. Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the baby’s structure, and also measures its head and abdomen.
  2. Doppler flow: This technique is used to measure the speed and amount of blood flow into the blood vessels of the fetal brain and the umbilical cord, using sound waves.
  3. Weight check: This also helps to estimate the fetal growth. Doctors will check and record the mother’s weight during prenatal visits. If the weight gain is not appropriate, it may indicate slow fetal growth.

Slow fetal growth can be managed through regular checkups and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Ways to Prevent Slow Fetal Growth

You can reduce the risk of IUGR in the following ways:

  • Eat healthy foods that provide the right nourishment to your baby.
  • Limit your caffeine intake.
  • Check with your doctor about medications that you are taking that can cause IUGR.
  • Get enough rest and keep stress at bay.
  • Try to get at least eight hours of sleep every day.
  • Stay fit by exercising.

You may not always be in control of slow fetal growth. However, certain things and lifestyle habits can help prevent IUGR. Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles can help you follow the right treatment to ensure your baby is growing well.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


blog featured image

30 January, 2018

Ways in which Dads-to-be can help out in Delivery Room

In the delivery room, it is up to the mother to do all the pushing. However, dad can play a major role in the birthing process too. Labor can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. If your partner is able to have a normal, vaginal delivery, you can ask the doctor about being present in the delivery room during birthing process. As a dad, your support and encouragement can go a long way in comforting the mother. Here are some ways in which dads-to-be can help out in the delivery room: Provide Distractions Labor has the tendency to be long and tedious. You may be spending hours doing nothing but waiting for your baby to arrive. You can take your wife’s mind off her discomfort by keeping her distracted. Music, conversations or even card games are a great way to keep her mind occupied. Speak out on her Behalf To do this, it is important you discuss her birth plan in advance. Understand how she feels about episiotomies or what her expectations of the doctor are. Don’t wait until your partner begins having her contractions to find out what kind of assistance she needs from you. Knowing her birth plan in advance makes it easier for you to articulate her needs when she is in pain,
blog featured image

02 February, 2018

Reasons for periods to be late if Pregnancy test is Negative

More often than not, a missed period is an indicator of a woman’s pregnancy. However, that isn’t always correct. A woman may have a delayed or missed period but still, have a negative pregnancy test. There may be several reasons for that happening. Here are some of them: Low Hormone Levels During early pregnancy, the levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) aren’t high enough for a home pregnancy test to detect. So if you’re trying to get pregnant, your negative test result on a home kit may not be correct and you might be pregnant. A woman’s cycle may keep varying and if she conceives later in the cycle, the hormone levels may be low at the time of her missed period. To rule out any complications, be sure to talk to your doctor if you miss your periods and continue to do so. Ectopic Pregnancy Although rare, an ectopic pregnancy can show up as negative on a home pregnancy test. Only about 3 percent or fewer cases of negative tests point towards an ectopic pregnancy. If you have these symptoms along with a negative result, see your doctor immediately: Severe pain in lower abdomen or on one side Dizziness or lightheadedness Bleeding or spotting Nausea and vomiting
blog featured image

10 February, 2018

5 Home remedies for Gas during Pregnancy

Experiencing gas is common during pregnancy. The female body goes through several changes during pregnancy and gas is a result of certain normal body functions. The hormone progesterone, which is responsible for supporting your pregnancy, is also the reason behind that gassy feeling. It relaxes the muscles in your intestine and slows down the digestion process. This allows gas build up and causes bloating, burping, and flatulence. Certain foods and even your prenatal vitamins can cause you to feel gassy. The good news is, there are several things you can try at home to ease gas during pregnancy. Here are some of them: Drink Lots of Fluids Make sure you drink a lot of water every day to avoid gas during pregnancy. Aim for 10-12 glasses per day. You can also include other fluids such as juices. However, if you’re suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), make sure the juice you drink is low in gas and bloating-promoting sugars. Move Around In order to find relief from gas during pregnancy, make physical activity and exercise a part of your daily routine. Walk or exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. Not only does it help keep you physically and emotionally fit, it can also help prevent constipation and speed up digestion. Remember to talk
Loading booking..