21 September, 2021

Crying in Babies

Crying in babies

Often crying in babies is a cause of anxiety among family members and a reason for frequent visits to Paediatric emergency. Many a times it will not be associated with any serious problems and requires reassurance to the parents.

  1. What are the causes of crying in babies?

    • Hunger cry – hunger is the most common cause and subsides once baby is given feeds. Baby starts playing after feeding.
    • Soiled / wet diaper – Baby’s skin is so sensitive that faecal soiling and urination can cause irritation. Once diaper is changed babies calm down.
    • Before sleep – Babies become fussy before going to sleep and requires some swaddling and mom needs to keep the baby in comfortable position.
    • Excessive feeding – Some parents feed their babies more due to misconception about inadequate feeds, which causes mild bloating of tummy.
    • Improper clothing – Excessive wrapping with many layers of cloth during hot climate or inadequate clothing during winter seasons can lead to crying of babies.
    • Inadequate burping – Burping after feeding for about 10min relieves baby from swallowed air and makes them comfortable.
    • Inadequate cuddling – Often babies require cuddling from mom and feel comfortable.

    Causes of concern 

    • Nose Block – During times of cold and running nose babies can have congestion of nose which leads to transient nose block.
    • Colic – Usually in the early months of life majority of babies cry without any serious problem. But when the duration of cry is more than 3hours we may have to suspect colic.
    • Pain – Painful diaper rash, Ear ache, injection site pain, any insect bites (eg: mosquitoes)
    • Fever – When your baby is having body temperature more than 100.40f.
    • Constipation – Some babies might pass stool once in 3 to 4days, but it can be painful if it’s hard lumpy stool.
    • Urine infection – Babies may sometimes cry before voiding urine. But persistent crying while passing urine can be a sign of urinary tract infection.
    • Serious bacterial infection – Decreased activity, poor feeding, lethargy, excessive irritable crying and not interested in surroundings can be a sign of serious bacterial infection
  2. When do we suspect colic in babies?

    • Inconsolable crying for more than 3hours
    • Baby looks normal in between the bouts of crying
    • Baby crying with legs folded up into abdomen
    • Baby is getting enough feeds, but still cries

    Myths about crying baby

    • Passing of gas is normal in babies, which is usually misunderstood by parents. Swallowed air while feeding may also contribute to the gas. Flatus does not cause abdomen colic.
    • Regurgitation (spitting up) of feeds in small quantities may be seen in few babies, which is a self limiting condition and does not cause pain
  3. How to calm babies while crying?

    Techniques that can be of some help for calming a crying baby are

    • Wrapping and swaddling the baby
    • Try to feed the baby
    • Talking to baby and singing 
    • Rocking motion, preferably in a rocker
    • Burping the baby
    • Holding up of baby in arms by mom
    • Playing light music
  4. What parents can do in case baby is inconsolable?

    • Sometimes babies cry without an apparent cause, so don’t be too anxious.
    • Be patient and visit your nearby Paediatrician 
    • If in case you cannot visit to clinic, make a teleconsultation with your Paediatrician
    • Whenever baby is not feeding well, irritable, running high temperature, breathing fast, not interested in surrounding then you may need to make a visit a Paediatric emergency.
    • Never use any medication such as ear drops, colic drops etc., without Paediatrician advice.


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02 February, 2022

The Ultimate Guide to Taking Care of Toddlers in the Winter

With the cold weather already here, you may be thinking about whether it’s safe for your toddler to play outside or not. However, no matter if the temperatures outside are decreasing, toddlers during the winter require physical activities because they are great stress relievers for them when they are cooped up inside their house for so many hours. Thus, it is safe for a toddler to play outside during the cold weather. The American Council of Exercise even recommends that the children should receive approximately 60 minutes of physical activity each day. So you may allow your toddler for outdoor play in different intervals by providing them breaks after 10 to 20 minutes.  Here are several other tips that will facilitate outdoor play for your toddlers while keeping them safe. Dressing Them Properly During Cold Weather Toddlers during the winter should be sent outside to play only after dressing them in layers.  The layered dressing will help to keep the body warm of your toddler with scarves, boots, hats, earmuffs, socks or mittens. Additionally, the layers will not only protect your child while they’re playing outside but will also help to retain their body heat through the air pockets present in the different clothes. Though your child may become sweaty through outdoor play, you can always take off one layer. It is even recommended to dress your child in an extra layer as compared to an average adult.
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29 January, 2022

Common Diseases and Issues: Caring For a Baby And How To Prevent Them.

Caring for a baby is very crucial because during the initial first year the baby’s immune system is quite weak. Due to this, there are amplified chances for him or her to develop several common diseases in babies or sickness in infant. But with the right care, you can treat common diseases in babies easily. However, new parents and caregivers may have several questions related to their infants’ healthcare. So this guide will help you to know how to care for your baby and prevent the common diseases in babies and sickness in infant. Now let’s have a look at the common diseases in babies worth one year or less and how to care for them, or how to prevent them earlier only.  Bowel movements Keeping track of the bowel movement of your infant is crucial because this can help you to know if your infant is likely to develop any disease. So the different factors you need to consider regarding the bowel movement of your baby are as follows. Consistency. Initially, the consistency of your kid’s stool will range from loose, runny or soft. However, infant or formula-fed may have stools with a tan yellow shade and firmer as compared to the infants who are breastfed. All you need to consider while checking the consistency of your infants’ stool is that it should not be hard or very
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24 January, 2022

Baby’s First Year – Feeding Schedule and Nutrition Tips

You’ve happily clicked a snap of your little munchkin eating messily! That’s great, but now are you worried about how to provide the best nutrition to your baby in the first year? Fret not, here’s a guide on the feeding schedule for baby in the first year. Keeping in mind the fact that different infants require a different amount of nutrition, the nutrition you provide to your infant depends on his or her age, appetite, and body weight. So let’s have a glance at the healthy food for baby according to their age in the first year of birth. Newborns. As you must know, infants should receive the nutrition and calories only through breast milk or formula.  So let’s know the feeding schedule for baby with both these items. Breast milk According to the American Academy of Paediatrics, an infant should drink one to two ounces of breast milk per feeding. However, once your baby is at least two weeks old, the amount of this quantity will amplify to two to three ounces.  Generally, you need to feed breast milk to your newborn every two to three hours ass it proves to be a healthy food for baby. Formula. If you’re opting to include a formula in the feeding
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