19 March, 2019

10 Ways in which Pregnancy can change a woman’s body

It is said that being a mother brings about a lot of changes in a woman’s body. This is absolutely true as growing a new human requires a woman to adapt to these bodily changes. After all, her heart pumps 50 percent more blood when she’s pregnant, and she will also experience brain changes among other things.

While a lot of changes disappear after birth, a few of them can be permanent. Here are some things during pregnancy that can change a woman’s body forever:

  1. Bigger Feet

Due to changing hormones and weight gain, women experience a change in their shoe size too when they’re pregnant. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), women of normal weight should gain between 11 to 16 kilograms weight during pregnancy. Carrying this excess weight around when you’re expecting and even after giving birth can cause the foot’s arch to flatten out. This is why some women gain about half an inch shoe size during pregnancy. The hormone relaxin also plays a role by helping relax ligaments and bones in the pelvis. It also affects ligaments all over the body, including in the feet, which can cause a woman’s feet to loosen and spread out. These changes are often permanent, even after a woman loses weight and relaxin production stops.

  1. Bladder Changes

Giving birth can put some mothers at an increased risk for incontinence, or loss of bladder control. This is because vaginal delivery can weaken the muscles needed for bladder control and can even damage bladder nerves and supportive tissue, leading to a dropped pelvic floor. This can happen for C-section deliveries as well. Women can practice Kegel exercises to strengthen these pelvic floor muscles to avoid bladder issues.

  1. Dental Problems

The increased blood flow during pregnancy can cause dental problems such as enlarged and bleeding gums. If women have morning sickness, the acid from vomiting can wear away the enamel on teeth. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also affect the bacteria population of a woman’s mouth. Therefore it is very important to practice good dental hygiene during pregnancy. Woman should see their dentist when they’re expecting and get their teeth cleaned regularly to avoid other problems postpartum.

  1. Breast Changes

A woman’s breasts go through several changes during and after pregnancy. They get bigger at first, as the dormant fat tissues in the breast get replaced by functional tissue in preparation for breastfeeding. However, after a woman stops breastfeeding, the changes stop and the breasts aren’t as large as before. If a woman gains a lot of weight after pregnancy, she will replace those fat cells in her breasts. There may also be changes in the shape and firmness of her breasts, causing them to sag or droop. Once this happens, they will not perk up again as this is due to stretching of the ligaments and elastin that hold the fatty tissue in place.

  1. Stretch Marks

Pregnant women may notice pink or red stretch marks on their skin during pregnancy. Although this condition can happen at any time, it is more likely when you’re expecting and witness a drastic increase or decrease in weight. While these stretch marks will not go completely, the good news is that they will get much lighter over time. They usually fade out in a year or two. However, if a woman gets pregnant again, or gains or loses too much weight, these stretch marks may become more noticeable.

  1. Hair Growth

Women experience dense and more beautiful hair on their head during pregnancy. This is due to the increased levels of hormones that can cause hair fall to reduce over the course of a woman’s pregnancy. This is why women may have thicker head of hair when they are expecting. After hormones levels return to normal after pregnancy, they may start losing hair. This is temporary and hair loss will resolve on its own by about 12 to 18 months.

  1. Skin Changes

There are so many skin changes that happen during pregnancy. For instance, linea nigra is a common occurrence that most women experience when they’re expecting. It refers to a dark, vertical line that runs over the belly to the pubic hair region. Women may also develop melasma, which are brown patches that color the face. They can also get freckles and moles during this time. Linea nigra and melasma are caused due to an increase in melanin, the pigment that adds color to your skin and hair. The dark areas fade after the woman gives birth but some may have melasma for a couple of years after. Using sunscreen or wearing hat can address the dark patches.

  1. Diabetes

Several women experience a spike in their sugar levels during pregnancy. This leads to a condition known as gestational diabetes. After giving birth, up to half the women who had gestational diabetes are likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. Usually, those women already know they’re at risk because they have family members that have diabetes. If a woman has gestational diabetes, it is important that she maintains a healthy weight and diet, monitor her blood sugar, and get screened for diabetes in the years following her pregnancy so that she can be aware if she’s becoming prediabetic.

  1. Abdominal Separation

Yet another common and permanent change associated with pregnancy is a condition called diastasis recti abdominis. This is when the abdominal muscles separate, creating a gap between the stomach muscles. All women will have this separation at a later stage in their pregnancy to make room for the growing belly. More than two-thirds of women will retain some separation between their abdominal muscles after a year postpartum.

  1. Wider Hips

Some women may experience their hips are getting wider following childbirth. This may be due to the deposition of fat into areas of the body that have extra fat cells. Although, many women think this is due to relaxin, a hormone responsible for relaxing and softening the joints and ligaments in the pelvis to help make the birthing process easier. However, this may not be the real reason behind wider hips.

These are some of the many changes that you will experience even after you’ve given birth. To know more about ways to stay healthy during and beyond pregnancy, meet our doctors at KIMS Cuddles.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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30 January, 2018

Ways in which Dads-to-be can help out in Delivery Room

In the delivery room, it is up to the mother to do all the pushing. However, dad can play a major role in the birthing process too. Labor can be overwhelming for first-time mothers. If your partner is able to have a normal, vaginal delivery, you can ask the doctor about being present in the delivery room during birthing process. As a dad, your support and encouragement can go a long way in comforting the mother. Here are some ways in which dads-to-be can help out in the delivery room: Provide Distractions Labor has the tendency to be long and tedious. You may be spending hours doing nothing but waiting for your baby to arrive. You can take your wife’s mind off her discomfort by keeping her distracted. Music, conversations or even card games are a great way to keep her mind occupied. Speak out on her Behalf To do this, it is important you discuss her birth plan in advance. Understand how she feels about episiotomies or what her expectations of the doctor are. Don’t wait until your partner begins having her contractions to find out what kind of assistance she needs from you. Knowing her birth plan in advance makes it easier for you to articulate her needs when she is in pain,
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02 February, 2018

Reasons for periods to be late if Pregnancy test is Negative

More often than not, a missed period is an indicator of a woman’s pregnancy. However, that isn’t always correct. A woman may have a delayed or missed period but still, have a negative pregnancy test. There may be several reasons for that happening. Here are some of them: Low Hormone Levels During early pregnancy, the levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) aren’t high enough for a home pregnancy test to detect. So if you’re trying to get pregnant, your negative test result on a home kit may not be correct and you might be pregnant. A woman’s cycle may keep varying and if she conceives later in the cycle, the hormone levels may be low at the time of her missed period. To rule out any complications, be sure to talk to your doctor if you miss your periods and continue to do so. Ectopic Pregnancy Although rare, an ectopic pregnancy can show up as negative on a home pregnancy test. Only about 3 percent or fewer cases of negative tests point towards an ectopic pregnancy. If you have these symptoms along with a negative result, see your doctor immediately: Severe pain in lower abdomen or on one side Dizziness or lightheadedness Bleeding or spotting Nausea and vomiting
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05 February, 2018

7 Effective tips to lose baby weight post-pregnancy

Achieving a healthy weight post-pregnancy might seem like a difficult task for most women. With added responsibilities of taking care of a newborn, adjusting to a new routine and recovering from childbirth, finding time to lose all that baby weight can be challenging. Whether you want to become pregnant in the future or lead an active, healthy life, it is important to return to a healthy weight after delivery. Here are 7 effective tips to lose baby weight post-pregnancy: Breastfeed Breast milk contains all the nutrients a baby needs to grow in the first six months of life. It has several benefits for the mother and the child. If you can and choose to breastfeed, it can help you lose baby weight quickly. A study indicated that women participants lost an average 1.68kg more weight than non-breastfeeding women by six months after delivery. However, they may not be any weight loss in the first three months and some women may experience weight gain due to increased calorie intake. Monitor Your Calories Keeping a count of your calories can help you figure out how much you are eating and how to control your diet. It can also ensure you are getting enough calories to provide you with the energy and nutrition you need as a new
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