The thyroid gland refers to an endocrine gland in front of the neck that is responsible for producing thyroid hormones. These regulate your body’s metabolism. If your body’s hormones are imbalanced, it can have a negative impact on reproductive health, making it difficult to achieve a pregnancy.

Let’s a take a look at how thyroid and fertility are related:

  1. Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid leads to the production of too many hormones. If you have hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, it means your thyroid isn’t producing enough hormones. According to research, it leads to hormone imbalance and infertility in both the cases.


  1. Low Levels of thyroid hormone

Inadequate or low levels of thyroid hormone can prevent ovulation or an egg from being released for fertilization. In the absence of an egg, conception may not occur.


  1. Underactive Thyroid

Apart from having difficulty conceiving, an underactive thyroid can pose challenges for carrying a pregnancy to full term. Women with hypothyroidism are more susceptible to miscarriages, compared to women with normal hormone levels.


  1. General Thyroid Disorders

In some cases, thyroid disorders can go undiagnosed, especially when a patient has unexplained infertility. This may happen due to stress or psychological issues, so it’s important for doctors to ask the right questions and conduct appropriate tests to check for thyroid disease as a factor. At KIMS Cuddles, our doctors perform hormonal testing to find it if thyroid may be one of the causes of infertility and arrive at the right treatment.



Doctors usually recommend a full thyroid evaluation in the following cases:

  • If you’re unable to conceive even after 1 year of trying, or if you are less than 35 and 6 months.
  • If you’ve had two or more miscarriages.
  • If you have irregular menstrual cycles.
  • If you have a family history of thyroid disorders.


Although there may be several reasons for a person to experience infertility, it is important to find out if thyroid is one of the contributing factors. Thyroid screening is recommended when there are symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Once underlying thyroid issues are treated with medication or diet, and hormones return to their optimal levels, it may improve fertility. In case this doesn’t happen, you may need to see a reproductive endocrinologist to see if there are any other factors due to which pregnancy has not occurred. Our experts at KIMS Cuddles can help you with the right treatment. Visit us to know more.


*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.

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