American Pregnancy Association suggests that 1 in every 6 couples suffer from infertility. When a couple is unable to conceive despite having regular intercourse over a period of one year, they are given an infertility diagnosis. When the problem lies with the male partner, it is known as male infertility. Approximately 30% of all infertility causes are due to male infertility factors.
Here are some of the common causes of male infertility:
Lifestyle and Medical factors
A person’s lifestyle choices, as well as medical history have an effect on the male reproductive system and fertility. Those who indulge in, or suffer from the following are more likely to have trouble conceiving:
- Smoking tobacco
- Drinking three or more alcoholic drinks per day
- Using illegal drugs
- Taking certain medications, including testosterone replacement therapy or drugs used to treat arthritis, high blood pressure, depression, cancer, infection, or a digestive disorder.
- Chronic illness such as diabetes, cancer or thyroid disease
- Poor nutrition
- Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia or gonorrhea
Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles can help improve your chances of conceiving, if you suffer from any of these risk factors.
A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of the skin that holds your testicles (scrotum). A varicocele is similar to varicose veins that can occur in your leg. About 10 to 15 men out of 100 have a varicocele. It can start forming around puberty and gets more noticeable over a period of time. Varicoceles can cause low sperm production and decrease sperm quality, which can lead to infertility. Not all varicoceles affect sperm production, and this condition is easily treatable surgically.
Some men might experience ejaculation disorders that can make it difficult for them to release semen during sex. There are three main ejaculation problems. Premature Ejaculation is the most common of them where the male ejaculates too quickly during sexual intercourse. Delayed Ejaculation or male orgasmic disorder is classed as either experiencing a significant delay before ejaculation; or, being unable to ejaculate at all, despite the willingness of the male and normal erection. Retrograde ejaculation happens when semen travels backwards into the bladder; instead of through the urethra (the tube through which urine passes). Talk to our team of experts at KIMS Cuddles for the treatment plan for ejaculation problems.
Sperm Count or Motility problems
Your sperm may not be able to fertilize your partner’s eggs if you have little to no sperm, poor sperm motility (ability to move), or abnormally shaped sperms. Hormonal imbalances, disease or injury to the urinary or genital organs, fever or heat exposure, certain genetic disorders and various drugs and toxins, can cause problems with sperm production or quality. All this may affect fertility. Your doctor can help you figure out possible solutions which may include fertility drugs, IUI with sperm donor, or IVF with ICSI.
Sometimes, your body can develop antibodies that lower motility or even destroy your own sperm. This happens mostly after a vasectomy, testicular torsion (a testicle twisted inside the scrotum), infection, or trauma. Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles can help diagnose this male infertility cause and provide solutions to overcome it.
When fertility problems occur due to reasons which aren’t conclusive after tests, your doctor may diagnose you with “unexplained infertility”. It may be caused due to more than one factors, which include exposure to environmental toxins, subtle differences in sperm function or the fertilization process, being at the lower end of the normal range of sperm count and motility, or a combination of these or other factors.
If you’re unable to conceive despite trying, don’t lose heart. We, at KIMS Cuddles, can help you diagnose and find solutions to your infertility problems.
*The opinions expressed in this article are not to be substituted for medical advice under any circumstance