10 November, 2023
5 best ways to avoid premature labour
The average length of a human gestation is 280 days or 40 weeks. The gestation period is usually counted from the first day of woman’s last menstrual period. It’s good and healthier for babies not to be born before they’re due. If the labour starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, then it is usually called as premature labour. In this case, the baby is not fully grown and is not entirely ready to come into the outside world.In premature labour, the mother is unable to carry her baby for the full 9-month term. There are a number of reasons behind the preterm labour, including traumas, accidents and unpredictable diseases. Although the reasons are not clear, here are the common and best advisable ways to avoid premature labour.Learn what you can do to prevent early labour!
See your health care provider early and regularly during your pregnancy.
Prenatal care is designed over the years to minimise the risk and complications of pregnancy. A good health care provider can ensure and plan your pregnancy. Attend all prenatal appointments with your doctor and have all the screening tests to check your health and your baby’s health. Understand the common problems of the pregnancy and check the root causes in case of complications. Understanding the root causes will help you and your doctor plan better labour for you.
Stay away from smoke, drink, or illegal usage of drugs.
Protect your baby’s health and well being by staying away from smoke, drink or usage of drugs. Indirect exposure or passive exposure will also cause tremendous issues. Get help to quit for your or your family members around you, if needed. Always remember tobacco and alcohol will cause harm to your pregnancy!
Stay or get to a healthy weight during pregnancy.
Overweight and underweight women have a higher chance of giving premature birth. Work with your doctor and understand the weight demands during pregnancy. Try to achieve a healthy weight based on what your doctor suggests. Don’t get discouraged; even a small change in your weight may lower the chance of giving birth to a preterm baby. Always keep your weight on check.
Track your chronic diseases and take care of them
Inform your health care provider in case of any chronic disease such as diabetes, blood pressure or gastritis. They have to be kept well controlled before, during and after pregnancy. However, if any of the chronic conditions worsen during pregnancy, the chances for premature labour are higher. Thus, tracking and taking care of such chronic diseases is highly important.
Practice a healthy diet and regular yoga
Taking care of your body and mind during pregnancy plays a vital role in the health of the baby. Eat a variety of foods and drink lots of water to maintain the balance of vitamins, proteins and minerals in your body. Do regular exercise or yoga to boost your metabolism and contain the stress levels.
Preterm pregnancies cant always be prevented. But following a healthy routine will definitely lower the chances of premature births. Studies suggest that women who get routine prenatal care are more likely to have a healthier pregnancy and baby.
*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.
27 December, 2022
Tips for dealing with postpartum vaginal discharge
Lochia, or the vaginal discharge that a woman’s body produces following childbirth, is expected to last for a few days to weeks after delivery. After birth, the rapid flow of blood and mucus begins.
For the first 2-3 days after birth, the bleeding will be severe and contain blood clots. However, after a few days, the flow will gradually decrease to spotting before stopping entirely. When the uterus recovers after a few weeks, the flow colour can change from dark red to brown, then yellowish-white.
It’s an unavoidable and inevitable occurrence, and the only thing you can do is wait for it to end. It continues to decrease in volume before entirely ending. Here are a few essential tips to keep you prepared for this postpartum vaginal discharge.
Pile up with sanitary napkins and replace them regularly. You’ll need big pads with a lot of absorption potential in the first few days.
Maintaining strict sanitation and keeping your private parts washed will help you prevent more postpartum infections.
To keep away the infections, avoid having tampons or menstrual cups.
Empty the bladder regularly, even if you don’t have the urge. This will relieve you.
Medications that thin the blood, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, should be avoided. Seek your doctor’s suggestion for any other medicines during lochia.
Increase your iron content in your food and get enough rest.
It would help to avoid heavy exercises and strenuous athletic movements. Your body is tired, and you must acknowledge what it needs.
Your body will have to get rid of the excess blood and tissues if you give birth vaginally or by c-section. The rate and length of bleeding following a c-section would be the same as with natural childbirth. However, if the blood discharge is bright red within the first week of delivery and the lochia discharge increases rather than decreasing over time, you should see your doctor.
*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before making any decision.
17 November, 2022
Taking care of mental wellbeing during pregnancy
Pregnancy often is a happy and joyous phase to treasure and cherish. It brings a mix of feelings for you, and not all of them are good. Few thoughts might even trigger the mental health that might disturb you so much during and after the pregnancy. It’s just as important to look at your mental wellbeing and health during pregnancy as your physical health.
For your safe and happy pregnancy, a happy lifestyle is crucial. However, it is good to notice your mood drifts to identify the problems in the early stages.
What can you usually experience?
While mood swings are common during pregnancy, continuous and long down moments are not good. Take a look at the durations you are down.
Feeling fear or anxiety all the time about your baby or pregnancy.
Having negative thoughts about your life, pregnancy and relation
Feeling burdened with unknown pressure in your mind can relate to the stress of pregnancy but requires attention.
Common mental problems experienced during pregnancy
Depression during Pregnancy
“During pregnancy, the symptoms of depression such as changes in sleep, appetite, and energy levels are often difficult to distinguish from the regular experiences of pregnancy.“ says Diana Carter, MBBS Xanthoula Kostaras, BSc. In her recent publication, she mentioned that up to 70% of women report some negative mood symptoms during pregnancy. However, she specified the prevalence of women who meet the diagnostic criteria for depression is between 13.6% at 32 weeks gestation and 17% at 35-36 weeks gestation.It is always good to monitor the conditions and seek medical support when required.
High amounts of Anxiety
Anxiety is another unsettling feeling during pregnancy which ignites worry or fear over things that might happen. In 95% of the cases, pregnancy increases the insecurities. The concerns might be about pregnancy complications, being a bad mother or not facilitating everything their baby requires in future.Although it is good to have thoughts about the future, allowing many negative thoughts might trigger yours and baby’s health.
Continuous panic attacks
The sudden and intense physical responses with unexplained emotions with paralysed fear are panic attacks. Usually, during these attacks, breathing gets hitched, and a sudden trauma gets you down with immense fear. You might not find appropriate words to explain or brief why or what triggered your fear.
Practising yoga or meditation will help you analyze and overcome such situations better.
Immediate treatments available
Seek for the support. Talk to your partner or family related to the issues you are going through. Ask them a hand to help you overcome this.
Meet up with your doctor. Seeking medical support is entirely common, and you can use medication for the same.
Attend talk therapies. Talking one-on-one with your therapist can be an excellent way to manage pressure, deal with depression, and ease anxiety or stress during pregnancy.
Engaging in a healthy lifestyle with comforting activities like yoga, meditation and exercise.
Picking up the old hobby you left behind like sketching, singing or cooking that you love to do.
Many pregnant moms feel pressure and anxiety during pregnancy but do not let the mental health disturb your unborn child’s health. This World Mental Health Day recognise your inner strengths and cope up with the regular mental health issues with a positive stride. For the health of you and your baby, take care of yourself physically and mentally. Be sure to eat well, exercise, get enough sleep, and take your prenatal vitamins!
20 November, 2021
5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy
No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.
Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.
Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.
Eat well and sleep well must be a routine
Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.
Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family.
Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So it is no wonder that you get all such thoughts. However, do not put them all to yourself. Talk them out with your best buddies and family. Let them know your concerns and allow them to soothe you down.
Exercise must be your normal
We are not talking about heavy workouts and impulsive training. It is all about simple meditation and gentle exercise. Mild exercise during pregnancy will lower cortisol levels; the stress hormone is partly responsible for your stress. Thus, regular exercise will help you stay fit and help you check your stress levels during pregnancy.
You can choose simple exercises like walking, swimming, low paced stationary bike etc. Learn more about safe cardio exercises that you can consider during pregnancy here.
Take time out for yourself
You might feel upset over small things. It is normal to be so during pregnancy. Do not feel wrong about such instances. Instead, when you feel low or feeling upset over something, take some time out for yourself to calm you down. Pick your favourite activity that you love to do and spend enough time with it. Try it for yourself! Taking a break can do significant wonders for your mental health, especially during pregnancy!
Do not skip your doctor appointments
Visiting your doctor regularly for prenatal appointments will make you feel at ease. Knowing your condition and baby’s condition will help you better understand the situation. At times, a simple talk with your doctor can help you calm down. Regular appointments will also help you check for the complications of pregnancy. An excellent way to check your mental health and ease you as well!
Remember, it is perfectly alright to worry about your unborn baby. Whether the baby is healthy or growing out well inside. But, do not let these thoughts overcome the joy of your pregnancy. Follow the above-mentioned suggestions to reduce your stress during pregnancy and enjoy the blissful moments of your life!!
*Information shared here is for general purpose. Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.
25 October, 2021
Pelvic pain is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis. It can stem from multiple causes. Pelvic pain arises from the conditions associated with reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from muscles and ligaments in the pelvis. Pelvic pain can be due to irritation of nerves in the pelvis.
Chronic pelvic pain is constant or intermittent pelvic pain for six months or more. Pelvic pain may spread to lower back, buttocks or thighs. Pelvic pain can also be situational, such as while using the bathroom or have sex.
More than one condition can lead to Pelvic pain.
Common causes of acute pelvic pain
Ovarian cyst– it is fluid-filled bubble arising from an ovary and causes pelvic pain when it ruptures or becomes twisted
Acute pelvic inflammatory disease– a bacterial infection of the reproductive organs, which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with Antibiotics.
Ectopic Pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions)
Miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death
Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain)
Appendicitis – a painful swelling of the appendix which usually causes pain on the lower right-hand side of your abdomen
Peritonitis– inflammation of the peritoneum; it causes sudden abdominal pain that gradually becomes more severe and requires emergency treatment
Urinary tract infection – it will cause pain or a burning sensation while urination
Constipation or bowel spasm – this could be due to changes in diet, medication, irritable bowel syndrome or, in rare cases, a bowel obstruction
Less common causes include:
Pelvic abscess –it is collection of pus in between pelvic organs requiring urgent treatment
Endometriosis – a condition where bits of endometrium is found outside the uterus, such as on the ovaries, leading to painful periods
Long-term pelvic pain
If pelvic pain persist for 6 months or more that is either intermittent or continuous, it’s known as chronic pelvic pain.
The most common causes of chronic pelvic pain are:
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease – a bacterial infection of female reproductive organs which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with antibiotics
Irritable bowel syndrome – a common condition of the digestive system that can cause cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation
Conditions involving the muscles, joints, and ligaments in the pelvis, lower back, or hips.
Less common causes of chronic pelvic pain are:
Recurrent ovarian cysts
Recurrent urinary tract infection
Lower back pain
Prolapse of the uterus– where the uterus slips down along with other organs from its normal position and usually causes a “dragging” pain
Adenomyosis – endometriosis that affects the muscle of the uterus, causing painful, heavy periods
Fibroids – tumours(non-cancerous) of the uterus, fibroids can be painful if they twist, but uncomplicated fibroids aren’t usually painful
Chronic interstitial cystitis – chronic inflammation of the bladder
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) –It includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, which affect the gut
Trapped or damaged nerves in the pelvic area
Worsening of menstrual cramps
Vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge
Painful or difficult urination
Constipation or diarrhoea
Bloating or gas
Blood seen with a bowel movement
Blood in urine
Pain during intercourse
Fever or chills
Pain in the hip area
Pain in the groin area
To begin with, your doctor will do a complete examination to look for problems with your reproductive system. The doctor will need complete information about past and present health and symptoms. You might need to undergo some tests, such as:
Blood and urine tests for signs of infection.
A pregnancy test.
Tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs)– vaginal culture
Emotional issues can be a big part in chronic pain. Inform your doctor about any depression or stress that is adding to your problem. Your Doctor will need to know about any past or current sexual or physical abuse. It can be tough to talk about these things, but all this information is needed to provide right treatment.
If initial tests don’t suggest anything significant, then you might have to go for other tests that show pictures of the organs in your belly. These may include:
Abdominal and pelvic X-rays.
Hysteroscopy (procedure to examine the uterus).
Stool guaiac test- tests microscopic blood in stool sample
Lower endoscopy such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy
CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis
Finding the cause of pelvic pain can take long time. You should keep record about the type of pain you have, timings and any precipitating factors.
Once your condition is diagnosed- you will be treated for that problem. Some common treatments include:
Birth control pills or hormone treatment for problems related to your periods.
Surgery for removal of a growth, cyst, or tumor.
Medical management- such as an antibiotic for infection or medicine for irritable bowel syndrome.
If you are not diagnosed foe the condition causing pelvic pain-you can be offered treatment to help you manage the pain. Best results are seen from a combination of treatments such as:
Pain relievers called NSAIDs, like ibuprofen or naproxen.
Tricyclic antidepressant medicine or anticonvulsants, which can help with pain and with depression.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy or biofeedback, to help you change the way you think about or react to pain.
Counselling, to give you emotional support and reduce stress.
Physical therapy to help you relax your muscles, improve your posture, and be more active.
Pain relievers that are injected (local anaesthetic) into specific areas to help with pain.
You may need to try many treatments before you find the ones that help you the most. If the things you’re using aren’t working well, ask your doctor what else you can try. Taking an active role in your treatment may help you feel more hopeful.