IUI or intrauterine insemination is a popular procedure for treating infertility. It involves depositing sperm into a woman’s uterus in order to facilitate conception. IUI is a simple procedure that doesn’t take too much time. If you’re looking at treatment options for infertility, you may consider IUI based on what your doctor recommends. Here’s what you should know about IUI for treating infertility:
- How does IUI work?
In IUI, the sperms are washed, concentrated, and placed directly into a woman’s uterus with the help of a catheter. This results in a greater number of motile sperms which have more chances of fertilizing an egg. Not many sperms make it to the upper reproductive tract with natural intercourse, as they are hindered by cervical mucus. This shortcoming is taken care of by IUI for treating infertility procedure which makes it easier for the sperm to travel towards the egg.
- When is IUI advised?
Intrauterine insemination is recommended if there is a mild male factor infertility, such as decreased sperm concentrations or sperm motility. Couples with unexplained infertility and those affected by mild/moderate endometriosis can also benefit from IUI, along with controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH).
- How is the sperm collected?
The sperm for IUI can either be collected at home, if your home is close to the clinic, or at the fertility clinic itself. The male has to ejaculate in a sterile collection cup in order to give his sperm sample. Fresh samples can be used for IUI, only if they are delivered to the doctor within half an hour of ejaculation. Sometimes, even frozen sperm from sperm donors can be used in IUI.
- Recommended sperm count for IUI
In order to perform IUI, the minimum sperm count required is 1 million. However, most doctors recommend using a sperm with a count of at least 5 million. Even then, the chances of success are lower. Therefore, ideally a sperm count between 20 to 30 million is believed to have a better chance.
- IUI success
Like any other infertility treatment, a couple of IUI cycles may need to be performed before you are successful. Several fertility doctors recommend doing two inseminations at a time, in order to increase your chances of pregnancy. Sometimes, these treatments are performed in conjunction with fertility drugs to help boost your chances. IUIs done with fertility drugs that produce multiple eggs can have a success rate of up to 30%. However, it must be noted that sperm count can affect the outcome of IUI i.e. lower the sperm count, lower the success rate. On the whole, IUI has a success of 15 to 20% in all couples.
- Associated Risks
Intrauterine insemination is a relatively safe procedure with low levels of associated risks. Mild discomforts in the form of cramping and spotting might occur during or after the procedure. Bleeding may occur due to placing the catheter in the uterus, but it does not affect the chances of pregnancy. Some studies have found that fewer than 1 percent of women experience infection, only when the sperm hasn’t been screened properly. It may also lead to multiple pregnancy due to fertility drugs being used along with the procedure.
Hope this blog about IUI for treating infertility was helpful to you. Overall, intrauterine insemination is one of the least complicated and most effective fertility procedures. If you would like to know more about IUI, meet the experts at KIMS Cuddles.