high risk pregnancy and it's causes

A high-risk pregnancy is one where the mother, baby, or both need extra care to ensure a healthy pregnancy. Those being treated for chronic illnesses usually carry additional risks to their pregnancy. Apart from these, some mothers may have a high-risk pregnancy due to a condition that develops during pregnancy. Read here, what is a high risk pregnancy and it’s causes.

While some pregnancies can have some minor problems, others may have a high-risk condition that can be life threatening for a woman or her baby. In such cases, extra monitoring is required by a healthcare professional.



There are several factors that may make a pregnancy high-risk. Some medical conditions that cause high-risk pregnancy include:

  • Blood Disorders: Blood disorders such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia can cause additional strain on your pregnancy. They can also be potentially risky to your baby if she inherits this condition.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: This disease can increase your risk of miscarriage, developing high blood pressure and preeclampsia. It can also cause preterm labor and put extra strain on your kidneys.
  • Depression: Those with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety can face problems during pregnancy. Untreated depression and certain medicines for depression can increase the risks for your baby. If you are on any anti-depressants, talk to your doctor about stopping these before you try to conceive.
  • High Blood Pressure: Untreated high blood pressure can cause your baby to grow more slowly than usual or lead to preterm labor. Other complications like preeclampsia or placental abruptions can also happen due to high blood pressure.
  • HIV or AIDS: When the mother has HIV or AIDS, there are high chances of her baby being infected before birth, during delivery, or during breastfeeding. However, medication can help reduce this risk significantly.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune diseases such as lupus can increase the risk of preterm delivery, preeclampsia, and having a small baby. Pregnancy can also increase the likelihood of your disease getting worse.
  • Maternal Age: The age of mother can affect how likely she is to have a high-risk pregnancy. An older mom (age 35 or older), or a younger mom (in her teens) is at a greater risk of complications and health problems.
  • Thyroid: An underactive thyroid and an overactive thyroid during pregnancy can cause problems for both mother and the baby. If the condition isn’t controlled, it can lead to miscarriage, preeclampsia, low birth weight, and preterm labor.
  • Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can put mothers at risk of complications such as birth defects, high blood pressure, premature birth, or having a very big baby (macrosomia). In some cases, baby may have breathing problems, low glucose levels, and jaundice.


If you have any of the above medical conditions, your healthcare provider can help you with managing and preventing high-risk pregnancy.

You can also try building a support network, talking to your partner, family and friends, or other women in a similar situation to help you feel more in control. Our experts at KIMS Cuddles can also help you feel better informed.


*The opinions expressed in this article are not to be substituted for medical advice under any circumstance

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