DOCTORS

Keep your self and baby in safe hands 24X7.

OUR TEAM

Gynecology centre of KIMS is known to improve lives of thousands of women in Hyderabad, and beyond, access and experience health care. You can count on our medical experts for all your care in every stage of your life. Experience comprehensive care suited for women health. Our entire team of experts are trained to provide you advanced care for complex illness or conditions.

Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

Sr. Consultant

HOD (Obs and Gynaec)

High Risk Pregnancy Care, Minimal Invasive Surgeon (Mini Lap, Laparoscopy, Robotic Team)

Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy is a qualified Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, experienced in Infertility and Hi-Risk Pregnancy cases. She has more than 15 years of clinical experience. She has completed her DNB in Obstetrics & Gynaecology from Yashoda Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad. She has also completed her post graduate diploma in Diabetology from Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu. She worked as a Senior Registrar at Image Super Specialty Hospital, Hyderabad. She has completed her fellowship in laparoscopic surgery in 2007 from BEAMS Mumbai under the supervision of laparoscopic surgeon Dr. Rakesh Sinha. She has a fellowship in infertility from Oasis Centre of Reproductive Medicine. She has worked as a Consultant, Sonologist, Diabetologist & Surgeon at Anupama Nursing Home, Ameerpet, Hyderabad. She has also worked as a Surgical Consultant (Obstetrics & Gynaecology) in Rainbow, Femina (Motherhood) and Lead Consultant at The Birth Place Hospital, Hyderabad.

She has been performing minimal invasive surgery, pelvic reconstructive surgeries, tubal reconstruction and re-canalisation procedures with high surgical skills in HysteroLap and MiniLap procedures since a decade. She is experienced in managing post bariatric pregnancies, carrying out high risk complicated gynaecological surgeries of fibroids, endometriosis, and fertility restorative surgeries. She specializes in handling high risk pregnancies, recurrent pregnancy losses and infertility. She has been instrumental in AIDS Control Program across the state. With sheer hard work & dedication she manages women’s health efficiently and effectively. She has also a lot of papers & publications in her name. She is a very well known figure among her team members and patients as well. She is passionate about comprehensive healthcare for pregnant woman with medical and non medical support and improving the outcomes of pregnancy with yoga, water birthing and natural birthing.

Dr. Pujitha Devi Suraneni

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon

Dr Pujitha Devi Suraneni passed her MBBS from Kamineni Institute of medical sciences, Telangana and completed her MS OBST & GYN in Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of medical sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana.
She is certified doctor in basic laparoscopy from a renowned institute KIRLOSKAR hospital, Hyderabad.
Her urge to treat complicated cases has not stopped which lead her to get extensive training in laparoscopic surgeries (like ovarian cystectomy, salpingostomy, salpingectomy, tubal ligation, hysteroscopic guided operative procedures, laparoscopic hysterectomy, myomectomy) and high risk pregnancies (like PIH, Eclampsia, GDM, Thyroid complicating, multiple pregnancies) under most renowned doctors in various places.
She worked as a senior register in BEAMS hospitals. She worked as an independent consultant in Archana hospitals, Miyapur, Hyderabad.
She worked as a consultant in Rainbow hospitals – Birthright, Madhapur branch.
She was known for her hard work and dedication in managing patients very well. She is unique in trying to deliver babies normally. She had good experience in instrumental normal deliveries.
Not only clinically but academically also she has a lot of papers and publications to her credit.
She is very well known among her patients for her punctuality and good rapport. With her immense experience and with the zeal of learning more will serve the patients in a possible best way.

Dr. N Sarada Vani

Senior Consultant (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

MBBS, DNB
Head of the Department – Fetal Medicine
FMF (London)
High-Risk Pregnancy Care
Minimal Access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics)

Dr. Sarada Vani is a Fetal Medicine Foundation Certified Consultant from the Fetal Medicine Foundation in London and a DNB in Obstetrics & Gynecology with over 18 years of experience in handling and care of high-risk pregnancies. She is a minimal access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics).

 Dr. D. Sonia Rani

Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist / Fetal Medicine

MBBS, DGO, DNB

Dr. D. Sonia Rani did her MBBS from Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad. She also did her Post graduation from Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal & DNB from Meenakshi Mission Hospital & Research center Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

She worked as a team member in a tertiary care Hospital in Madurai with vast exposure to deal with Critical care in Obstetrics, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal invasive procedures like Amniocentesis, Cordocentesis, PUBS, Intra-Uterine Transfusion, Fetal Medicine, Antenatal Ultrasound, Cancer screening in women and management of cervical, ovarian, endometrial and genital tract malignancies.

She is trained in basic and advanced Laparoscopic management of gynecological problems in women.

She is having 7 years of experience in delivering the essential antenatal care and management of High-risk pregnancy. She has worked as a Consultant at Neelima Hospital, Hyderabad and Surya Hospital, Karimnagar. She has keen interest for minimally invasive gynecology like hysteroscopy guided procedures, laparoscopic hysterectomy, NDVH, vaginal hysterectomy for uterine prolapse, ovarian cystectomy, LOD, management of endometriosis, Adenomyosis, Fibroids, Ectopic pregnancy, Salpingostomy, Salpingectomy, Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation.

Dr. Sonia Rani D does counseling of the couple in the preconceptional, antenatal and post-partum period for the best outcome in pregnancy. She has the dedication to conduct normal vaginal deliveries and well versed with instrumental deliveries.

Adolescent clinics for PCOS  management, menopausal clinics for HRT and women health. She is well versed with the current practices for the evaluation and management of infertility and sub-fertility.

She has attended the state and national conferences with paper and poster presentations in her credit. With an unstoppable zeal to learn more she shall endeavor to deliver the best of the services to her patients and the institute.

 Dr. Sridevi Kodiganti

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

MBBS, DNB (Obs & Gyn)
Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Dr. Sridevi Kodiganti is a qualified Obstetrician and Gynaecologist experienced in High-Risk pregnancy and Infertility. She has more than 16 years of clinical experience.

She has completed her MBBS from Karnataka Medical College, Hubli and DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Govt. Maternity Hospital, Nayapul Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad.

She has completed her Basic and Advanced Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy training from Ramesh Hospital, Bangalore in 2011.

She has done 12 months of Fetal Ultrasound Programme.

She has also done advanced on-site programme from Bangalore Fetal Medicine Centre in 2013.

She has done IMA (Indian Medical Association) Fellowship in Infertility trained from Ferty9, Secunderabad.

She has completed her Basic Life Support / Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support / Advanced Life Support in Obstetric courses and is also an Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics Instructor.

She has worked as Assistant Professor at MNR Medical College & Bhaskar Medical Colleges. She has worked as Senior Registrar / Junior Consultant at Rainbow Hospitals, Banjara Hills.

She has worked as Consultant at Neelima Hospital Moti Nagar / Sanath Nagar, Hyderabad.

She is specialized in handling High-Risk Pregnancies, Recurrent Pregnancy losses, Infertility, Obstetrics and Gynaecology scans.

She is a dedicated and competent professional committed to women’s health, with excellent social interpersonal and communication skills to interact with patients and her co-workers.

Her empathetic and holistic approach to woman’s health has made her well known among her patients.

Our obstetric experts take care of the mother and baby during the pregnancy throughout the trimesters to ensure a healthy delivery.

Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

Sr. Consultant

HOD (Obs and Gynaec)

High Risk Pregnancy Care, Minimal Invasive Surgeon (Mini Lap, Laparoscopy, Robotic Team)

Dr. K. Shilpi Reddy is a qualified Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, experienced in Infertility and Hi-Risk Pregnancy cases. She has more than 15 years of clinical experience. She has completed her DNB in Obstetrics & Gynaecology from Yashoda Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad. She has also completed her post graduate diploma in Diabetology from Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu. She worked as a Senior Registrar at Image Super Specialty Hospital, Hyderabad. She has completed her fellowship in laparoscopic surgery in 2007 from BEAMS Mumbai under the supervision of laparoscopic surgeon Dr. Rakesh Sinha. She has a fellowship in infertility from Oasis Centre of Reproductive Medicine. She has worked as a Consultant, Sonologist, Diabetologist & Surgeon at Anupama Nursing Home, Ameerpet, Hyderabad. She has also worked as a Surgical Consultant (Obstetrics & Gynaecology) in Rainbow, Femina (Motherhood) and Lead Consultant at The Birth Place Hospital, Hyderabad.

She has been performing minimal invasive surgery, pelvic reconstructive surgeries, tubal reconstruction and re-canalisation procedures with high surgical skills in HysteroLap and MiniLap procedures since a decade. She is experienced in managing post bariatric pregnancies, carrying out high risk complicated gynaecological surgeries of fibroids, endometriosis, and fertility restorative surgeries. She specializes in handling high risk pregnancies, recurrent pregnancy losses and infertility. She has been instrumental in AIDS Control Program across the state. With sheer hard work & dedication she manages women’s health efficiently and effectively. She has also a lot of papers & publications in her name. She is a very well known figure among her team members and patients as well. She is passionate about comprehensive healthcare for pregnant woman with medical and non medical support and improving the outcomes of pregnancy with yoga, water birthing and natural birthing.

Dr. Pujitha Devi Suraneni

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon

Dr Pujitha Devi Suraneni passed her MBBS from Kamineni Institute of medical sciences, Telangana and completed her MS OBST & GYN in Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of medical sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana.
She is certified doctor in basic laparoscopy from a renowned institute KIRLOSKAR hospital, Hyderabad.
Her urge to treat complicated cases has not stopped which lead her to get extensive training in laparoscopic surgeries (like ovarian cystectomy, salpingostomy, salpingectomy, tubal ligation, hysteroscopic guided operative procedures, laparoscopic hysterectomy, myomectomy) and high risk pregnancies (like PIH, Eclampsia, GDM, Thyroid complicating, multiple pregnancies) under most renowned doctors in various places.
She worked as a senior register in BEAMS hospitals. She worked as an independent consultant in Archana hospitals, Miyapur, Hyderabad.
She worked as a consultant in Rainbow hospitals – Birthright, Madhapur branch.
She was known for her hard work and dedication in managing patients very well. She is unique in trying to deliver babies normally. She had good experience in instrumental normal deliveries.
Not only clinically but academically also she has a lot of papers and publications to her credit.
She is very well known among her patients for her punctuality and good rapport. With her immense experience and with the zeal of learning more will serve the patients in a possible best way.

Dr. N Sarada Vani

Senior Consultant (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

MBBS, DNB
Head of the Department – Fetal Medicine
FMF (London)
High-Risk Pregnancy Care
Minimal Access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics)

Dr. Sarada Vani is a Fetal Medicine Foundation Certified Consultant from the Fetal Medicine Foundation in London and a DNB in Obstetrics & Gynecology with over 18 years of experience in handling and care of high-risk pregnancies. She is a minimal access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics).

 Dr. D. Sonia Rani

Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist / Fetal Medicine

MBBS, DGO, DNB

Dr. D. Sonia Rani did her MBBS from Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad. She also did her Post graduation from Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal & DNB from Meenakshi Mission Hospital & Research center Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

She worked as a team member in a tertiary care Hospital in Madurai with vast exposure to deal with Critical care in Obstetrics, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal invasive procedures like Amniocentesis, Cordocentesis, PUBS, Intra-Uterine Transfusion, Fetal Medicine, Antenatal Ultrasound, Cancer screening in women and management of cervical, ovarian, endometrial and genital tract malignancies.

She is trained in basic and advanced Laparoscopic management of gynecological problems in women.

She is having 7 years of experience in delivering the essential antenatal care and management of High-risk pregnancy. She has worked as a Consultant at Neelima Hospital, Hyderabad and Surya Hospital, Karimnagar. She has keen interest for minimally invasive gynecology like hysteroscopy guided procedures, laparoscopic hysterectomy, NDVH, vaginal hysterectomy for uterine prolapse, ovarian cystectomy, LOD, management of endometriosis, Adenomyosis, Fibroids, Ectopic pregnancy, Salpingostomy, Salpingectomy, Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation.

Dr. Sonia Rani D does counseling of the couple in the preconceptional, antenatal and post-partum period for the best outcome in pregnancy. She has the dedication to conduct normal vaginal deliveries and well versed with instrumental deliveries.

Adolescent clinics for PCOS  management, menopausal clinics for HRT and women health. She is well versed with the current practices for the evaluation and management of infertility and sub-fertility.

She has attended the state and national conferences with paper and poster presentations in her credit. With an unstoppable zeal to learn more she shall endeavor to deliver the best of the services to her patients and the institute.

 Dr. Sridevi Kodiganti

OBSTETRICIAN & GYNECOLOGIST

MBBS, DNB (Obs & Gyn)
Consultant Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Dr. Sridevi Kodiganti is a qualified Obstetrician and Gynaecologist experienced in High-Risk pregnancy and Infertility. She has more than 16 years of clinical experience.

She has completed her MBBS from Karnataka Medical College, Hubli and DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Govt. Maternity Hospital, Nayapul Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad.

She has completed her Basic and Advanced Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy training from Ramesh Hospital, Bangalore in 2011.

She has done 12 months of Fetal Ultrasound Programme.

She has also done advanced on-site programme from Bangalore Fetal Medicine Centre in 2013.

She has done IMA (Indian Medical Association) Fellowship in Infertility trained from Ferty9, Secunderabad.

She has completed her Basic Life Support / Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support / Advanced Life Support in Obstetric courses and is also an Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics Instructor.

She has worked as Assistant Professor at MNR Medical College & Bhaskar Medical Colleges. She has worked as Senior Registrar / Junior Consultant at Rainbow Hospitals, Banjara Hills.

She has worked as Consultant at Neelima Hospital Moti Nagar / Sanath Nagar, Hyderabad.

She is specialized in handling High-Risk Pregnancies, Recurrent Pregnancy losses, Infertility, Obstetrics and Gynaecology scans.

She is a dedicated and competent professional committed to women’s health, with excellent social interpersonal and communication skills to interact with patients and her co-workers.

Her empathetic and holistic approach to woman’s health has made her well known among her patients.

With our well trained Pediatrics team you can keep your child in safest hands. We provide services for both inpatients and outpatients. We have wide range of medical tools for proper diagnosis and management of your little one. Also, our experts are trained to identify behavioural and developmental problems including ADHD, autism spectrum disorder or any other chronic condition.

Dr. Preeti Sharma

Pediatrician

MBBS, MD (Ped)
Consultant Pediatrician

Dr. Preeti Sharma completed her MBBS and MD from the prestigious Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai. She has 8 years experience after MD in the field of pediatrics.

She has worked in renowned institutes in Mumbai and Delhi. She worked as Senior Resident in Kalawati Saran Children’s Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi for 3 years.

After that, she worked as Assistant Professor in a Medical College in Delhi. She worked as Specialist Pediatric Consultant at Hindu Hriday Samrat Bala Saheb Thackeray Hospital, Mumbai.

She has been taking care of children with all kinds of disease conditions ranging from general pediatric cases to critically ill newborns and children.

She has undergone special training courses in Pediatric Advanced Life Support and Neonatal Resuscitation Programme. She has also a lot of papers & publications in her name.Her research work is published in many international and national journals.

She has a special interest in general pediatrics, pediatric infectious diseases, childhood asthma and allergies and childhood epilepsy.

Dr. T. Varun Rao

Consultant Pediatrics and Neonatology

MD (Peds), IAP, Fellow in Neonatology, FNIAP

Dr. T. Varun Rao has completed his MD from MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai and went on to do IAP Fellowship in Neonatology. He has 7 years of experience after MD in the field of Pediatrics and 5 years of experience after Fellowship in the field of Neonatology.
He has worked in many renowned institutes at Hyderabad.
He has also worked as a Consultant in Ankura Hospital, Southern GEM Hospital, Maxcure Hospital, Yashoda Hospital. He has also worked as a Senior Resident in NICE Hospital and Aditya Hospital.
He has undergone special training in International Program on Preterm Nutrition (UWA / KEMH) of Australia, Postgraduate program in Pediatric Nutrition (Boston University), Pediatric Advance Life Support and Neonatal Resuscitation program.

He has done research and published in articles in various National Journals and has presented papers at National level conferences.

He has special interest and expertise in Newborn care, Non-Invasive Ventilation, Invasive Ventilation, ELBW Care.

Dr. Suresh Kumar Surapaneni

MD, DNB, DM (Neonatology), PGI, FRCPCH (UK)

Consultant Neonatologist & Superspecialist for Children
HOD of Neonatology and Pediatrics

Dr. Suresh Kumar Surapaneni has completed his MBBS from Kakatiya Medical College Warangal under Kakatiya University, Warangal, AP in 1989. He completed his MD (Paediatrics) from Institute of Child Health, Niloufer Hospital for Women and Children, Department of Pediatrics, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad in 1994. He also did his DNB Paediatrics, Diplomate of National Board (Pediatrics) from National Board of Examinations under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi in 1994. He has also done his DM (Neonatology) in Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education in 1996. He was awarded FRCPCH, UK from Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in 2017.

He is working in Pragna Hospital as a Consultant Neonatologist from January 2000. He has also worked in Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh as a Doctor of Medicine in Neonatology from Jan 1995 to Jan 1997. He has worked in Osmania Medical College/ Niloufer Hospital – Institute of Child Health, Hyderabad as a Doctor of Medicine in Paediatrics from May 1991 to Jul 1994. He did his internship from MGM Hospital ,Warangal, India from December 1989 to December 1990.

Dr. Suresh Kumar Surapaneni is a gold medalist and topranker in MBBS and first division throughout his MBBS. He is first DM qualified Neonatologist from Andhra Pradesh state in December 1996 from Prestigious PGIMER, Chandigarh.

He had presented paper and awarded research travel grant in International Pneumococcal Conference ISPPD9 in March, 2014. He had presented 2 papers and was awarded research travel grant in International Rota Virus Conference in September, 2014.

He was awarded RCPCH Fellowship at RCPCH Annual Conference in Birmingham, UK in May, 2017. He was also awarded for Fellowship of National Neonatology Forum of India FNNF at All India Conference NEOCON in December 2018 at Varanasi. He is a Member of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, Indian Medical Association National Neonatology Forum, and ISOPARB. He has served as a State Secretary and President of National Neonatology Forum, Andhra Pradesh State.

He had attended as a Trainer of Trainer (TOT Program) in Epidemiology EPIVAC of Indian Academy of Pediatrics. He is a master trainer for Advanced Neonatal Resuscitation Program (National Trainer for Advanced NRP for IAP and NNF, India) and participated as Faculty at different National conferences and workshops in India for National Neonatology Forum (NNF) and Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) on Ventilation, Nutrition, CPAP, Practical Procedures, Blood Gas and Infectious Diseases.

Our team of Fetal Medicine experts works closely with gynaecologists in the cases of high-risk pregnancies. The doctors assess the fetal growth and wellbeing to ensure good fetal health.

Dr. N Sarada Vani

Senior Consultant (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

MBBS, DNB
Head of the Department – Fetal Medicine
FMF (London)
High-Risk Pregnancy Care
Minimal Access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics)

Dr. Sarada Vani is a Fetal Medicine Foundation Certified Consultant from the Fetal Medicine Foundation in London and a DNB in Obstetrics & Gynecology with over 18 years of experience in handling and care of high-risk pregnancies. She is a minimal access Surgeon (Laparoscopy & Robotics).

 Dr. D. Sonia Rani

Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist / Fetal Medicine

MBBS, DGO, DNB

Dr. D. Sonia Rani did her MBBS from Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad. She also did her Post graduation from Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal & DNB from Meenakshi Mission Hospital & Research center Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

She worked as a team member in a tertiary care Hospital in Madurai with vast exposure to deal with Critical care in Obstetrics, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal invasive procedures like Amniocentesis, Cordocentesis, PUBS, Intra-Uterine Transfusion, Fetal Medicine, Antenatal Ultrasound, Cancer screening in women and management of cervical, ovarian, endometrial and genital tract malignancies.

She is trained in basic and advanced Laparoscopic management of gynecological problems in women.

She is having 7 years of experience in delivering the essential antenatal care and management of High-risk pregnancy. She has worked as a Consultant at Neelima Hospital, Hyderabad and Surya Hospital, Karimnagar. She has keen interest for minimally invasive gynecology like hysteroscopy guided procedures, laparoscopic hysterectomy, NDVH, vaginal hysterectomy for uterine prolapse, ovarian cystectomy, LOD, management of endometriosis, Adenomyosis, Fibroids, Ectopic pregnancy, Salpingostomy, Salpingectomy, Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation.

Dr. Sonia Rani D does counseling of the couple in the preconceptional, antenatal and post-partum period for the best outcome in pregnancy. She has the dedication to conduct normal vaginal deliveries and well versed with instrumental deliveries.

Adolescent clinics for PCOS  management, menopausal clinics for HRT and women health. She is well versed with the current practices for the evaluation and management of infertility and sub-fertility.

She has attended the state and national conferences with paper and poster presentations in her credit. With an unstoppable zeal to learn more she shall endeavor to deliver the best of the services to her patients and the institute.

Urogynaecology is a subspecialty that focuses on women with inability to hold their urine or stool and women whose Pelvic floor is weak leading to varied problems such as looseness of the genitalia and mass protruding from the vagina.

Dr. Nirmala A Papalkar

Urogynaecology

MD, DNB (Obs & Gyn)

Consultant Urogynaecology

Qualifications:

  • M.B.B.S – Govt Medical College, Nagpur
  • MD (Obs & Gyn) – Indira Gandhi Govt Medical College, Nagpur
  • DNB (Obs & Gyn)

Additional Certification:

  • IUGA (International Urogynecological Association) Observership at Croydon University Hospital, London

Expertise:

  1. TOT / TVT
  2. Recurrent Prolapse
  3. Vaginal Hysterectomy
  4. Hysteropexy
  5. Sacrospinous Fixation
  6. High Uterosacral Ligation
  7. Colpocleisis
  8. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy, Myomectomy, Endometriosis
  9. Hysteroscopic Procedures
  10. High Risk Obstetrics
  11. Endoanal 360 degree USG
  12. Transperineal & Introital Ultrasound for pelvic floor
  13. Conservative Management of Prolapse and Incontinence
  14. Anal sphincter dysfunction / injuries
  15. Pelvic floor physical therapy

Academic Presentations:

  1. GYNAECON, NOGS – December 2007
  2. AICC RCOG Conference – March 2008
  3. International Conference of Fertility – November 2012
  4. APCOG Annual Conference – April 2013
  5. Urogynaecology, Ahmedabad – December 2016 (Awarded the first prize for oral paper presentation by Dr. Jagdish Gandhi, FRCOG East Yorkshire)