09 February, 2019


Miscarriage: Symptoms, Prevention and Everything Else You Wanted to Know

A miscarriage is one of the toughest phases in a pregnant woman’s life. Losing a baby in utero may be a common problem but it still has a physical as well as emotional impact on families.

Miscarriage refers to the loss of a baby in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), about 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage.

By learning everything about why it happens, and how to tell if it’s happening, you can take the right precautions to prevent further complications.

Common Causes of Miscarriage

In most cases, there isn’t anything that you have done to cause a miscarriage – and there’s nothing you can do to prevent it from happening. Contrary to what common myths suggest, miscarriage is not caused by moderate exercise, sex, or even your daily cup of coffee. As per American Pregnancy Association, a chance genetic abnormality in the embryo is the most common cause of miscarriage. Issues that cause miscarriage include:

  • Chromosomal problems: The sperm and egg each contain 23 chromosomes which create 23 perfectly matched pairs of chromosomes during fertilization. A minor glitch in this process can lead to genetic abnormality which prevents the embryo from growing. These genetics are believed to be the biggest cause of miscarriage.
  • Hormonal imbalance: Around 15 percent of all miscarriages are caused due to imbalance in the hormones. For example, insufficient progesterone levels can prevent your fertilized egg from implanting in your uterus.
  • Uterine problems: Problems inside the uterus, such as fibroids, can interfere with implantation or blood supply to the fetus. Women born with a septum, an uncommon uterine defect, are more likely to experience a miscarriage than others. See your doctor to find out whether you have any uterine defects and the appropriate treatment for the same.
  • Chronic Illness: Chronic illnesses such as autoimmune disorders, lupus, heart disease, kidney and liver disease, and diabetes cause as many as 6 percent of all recurring miscarriages. In case you have a chronic illness, see an expert who is experienced in caring for women with your condition.
  • High fever: Developing a high fever of over 102 degrees during early pregnancy may also lead to a miscarriage in early pregnancy. A high core body temperature can be damaging to the embryo before 6 weeks.
  • Other risk factors: Sometimes, other issues can also result in miscarriage. This includes smoking, excessive drinking, maternal trauma such as an accident, certain medications, advanced maternal age (over 35), infections, and even air pollution.

Signs and Symptoms

Although there isn’t much you can do to prevent a miscarriage due to genetic reasons, these are a few warning signs that one can notice before having a miscarriage:

  • Losing a lot of weight
  • White or pink mucus discharge
  • Back pain, which is often worse than normal cramps
  • Bleeding that occurs without cramps
  • Painful contractions that occur every 5 to 20 minutes
  • Clotted tissue passing from the vagina
  • Pregnancy signs that suddenly go away

During a miscarriage, a woman might experience symptoms that include:

  • Severe cramps
  • Bleeding that starts light but becomes heavy
  • Fever or weakness
  • Back or abdominal pain

When you begin experiencing any of these signs or symptoms, see your doctor immediately to find out what to do about it.

Diagnosis and Treatment

In order to confirm a miscarriage, your doctor will perform a pelvic exam, an ultrasound test and blood test. If the miscarriage is complete and the uterus is empty, no further treatment is usually needed.

Occasionally, the uterus is not completely emptied so a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure needs to be done. In this procedure, the cervix is dilated and any remaining fetal or placental tissue is gently removed. Medications may also be given as an alternative to D&C. These medicines cause your body to expel the contents in the uterus.

Blood tests are done to determine the amount of pregnancy hormone hCG that is still there in the body. It indicates how far the miscarriage has progressed. Genetic testing, blood tests or medication may be necessary if a woman has more than two miscarriages in a row (also called recurrent miscarriage).

A woman will be able to continue with normal activities once the bleeding stops after a miscarriage.

Getting Pregnant after a Miscarriage

Experiencing a miscarriage does not mean a woman has fertility problems. According to studies, at least 85% of women who have miscarriages end up having subsequent normal pregnancies and births. Around 1-2% women may have repeated miscarriages and may need diagnostic testing to determine the cause.

If you want to try again after having a miscarriage, try discussing the timing of your next pregnancy with your doctor. Some doctors may recommend waiting up to 3 months before trying to conceive again. In order to prevent another miscarriage, your doctor may also recommend progesterone – a hormone needed for implantation and early support of pregnancy in the uterus.

A miscarriage can be a difficult, emotional time for any parent, especially a mother. Taking time to heal both physically and emotionally is important for a woman’s well-being. Take support of friends and family during this time and remember that a miscarriage is often beyond your control. So don’t blame yourself for it and seek help from your doctor about the future course. Our experts at KIMS Cuddles can guide you on ways to have a healthy pregnancy and will also be a valuable support to you and your partner.

*Information shared here is for general purpose Please take doctors’ advice before taking any decision.


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20 November, 2021

5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy

No matter how happy you are about your pregnancy, stress during the pregnancy phase is unavoidable. Most of the time, it is because of the hormones that play around. But there are a lot of other factors that account to stress. Managing stress during pregnancy is an efficient way to enjoy your pregnancy period.  Knowing the changes and accepting them happening to your body will help you best during this phase. However, know more efficient ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Here are the 5 easy ways to reduce stress during pregnancy.  Eat well and sleep well must be a routine  Nothing can replace the best benefits of proper food and sound sleep. Ensure that you follow a balanced diet with all the necessary supplements that your body needs and take enough rest. A night of proper sleep will make your day brighter and keep you comparatively in a cheerful mood. Rest when you are tired. Do not overdo during pregnancy. A perfect routine for food and sleep will ease up your hormones.  Surround yourself with positive energy. Talk to your friends and family. Pregnancy can put you through a lot of thoughts. It will make you think about the least possible negativity. Well, these are the instincts of the mother to safeguard her child. So
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10 November, 2023

5 best ways to avoid premature labour

The average length of a human gestation is 280 days or 40 weeks. The gestation period is usually counted from the first day of woman’s last menstrual period. It’s good and healthier for babies not to be born before they’re due. If the labour starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, then it is usually called as premature labour. In this case, the baby is not fully grown and is not entirely ready to come into the outside world.In premature labour, the mother is unable to carry her baby for the full 9-month term. There are a number of reasons behind the preterm labour, including traumas, accidents and unpredictable diseases. Although the reasons are not clear, here are the common and best advisable ways to avoid premature labour.Learn what you can do to prevent early labour!  See your health care provider early and regularly during your pregnancy. Prenatal care is designed over the years to minimise the risk and complications of pregnancy. A good health care provider can ensure and plan your pregnancy. Attend all prenatal appointments with your doctor and have all the screening tests to check your health and your baby’s health. Understand the common problems of the pregnancy and check the root causes in case of complications. Understanding the root causes will help you and
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25 October, 2021

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic Pain Pelvic pain is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and pelvis. It can stem from multiple causes. Pelvic pain arises from the conditions associated with reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from muscles and ligaments in the pelvis. Pelvic pain can be due to irritation of nerves in the pelvis. Chronic pelvic pain is constant or intermittent pelvic pain for six months or more. Pelvic pain may spread to lower back, buttocks or thighs. Pelvic pain can also be situational, such as while using the bathroom or have sex. Causes More than one condition can lead to Pelvic pain. Common causes of acute pelvic pain Ovarian cyst– it is fluid-filled bubble arising from an ovary and causes pelvic pain when it ruptures or becomes twisted Acute pelvic inflammatory disease– a bacterial infection of the reproductive organs, which often follows a chlamydia or gonorrhoea infection and needs immediate treatment with Antibiotics. Ectopic Pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions) Miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain) Appendicitis â€“ a painful swelling of the appendix which usually causes pain on the lower right-hand side of your abdomen Peritonitis– inflammation of the peritoneum; it causes sudden abdominal pain that gradually becomes more severe and requires emergency treatment Urinary tract infection – it will cause pain or a burning sensation while urination Kidney stones Constipation or
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