08 July, 2021

Baby Care & Pediatrics

When & how to start Toilet Training in children

Toilet training success depends more on the physical, behavioural, emotional and cognitive readiness of the child, rather than a particular age.

  • Most children are ready for toilet training by 18 – 24 months.
  • But some children might not be ready even up to 2.5 years or older.
  • Starting toilet training before the child is ready can result in more problems and a longer time.

 Pointers that child is ready for toilet training –

  • Dry periods of 2 hours or more during daytime.
  • Dislikes the feeling of wet or dirty diaper.
  • Can pull pants up and down.
  • Indicates bowel movement through words, expressions, posture.
  • Sits on the toilet chair without resistance.
  • Can follow simple instructions.

Toilet training can be started if most of the above pointers are present.

Steps to toilet training –

  • Toilet seat – Use a comfortable potty chair or special adapter toilet seat that can be placed on the regular toilet seat. The feet of the child should be placed on a stool if they are not able to touch the floor.
  •  Communication – Child should be encouraged to use the seat. He/she should be told repeatedly how everybody else in the house uses the toilet.
  • Observation – Child should be allowed to observe other family members while they are using the toilet.
  •  In the beginning have your child sit on the seat for few minutes several times a day with the clothes on, especially during the times when a bowel movement is expected. After the child is comfortable, start seating them bare bottomed.
  • Toilet routine – Accompany the child every time in the beginning. Read a potty training book or use a special toy when your child is using the toilet seat.
  • As soon as child indicates bowel movement, he/she should be immediately taken to the toilet. This helps them in developing an association between bowel movement and toilet.
  • Rewards – Praise the child or use some incentives for using the potty.
  • No diapers – After the child has used the toilet successfully many times, he/she should be kept without diapers during daytime.
  • Night time training – is more difficult to achieve and can take a much longer time. Child should be allowed to sleep in diapers at night. Gradually, much after day time control is achieved the child should be encouraged to wake up at night for passing urine/stools.
  • Urinating in boys – First teach boys to urinate sitting down. After they have learnt that, then teach them to urinate in standing position.
  • Never scold or embarrass child. – Occasionally child may not use the toilet especially when he/she is absorbed in some activity or in an unfamiliar place.

Take it easy – If even after few weeks of trying your child is not able to use the toilet or is resisting to do so, do not worry. Stop the toilet training for few months and then restart.


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02 February, 2022

The Ultimate Guide to Taking Care of Toddlers in the Winter

With the cold weather already here, you may be thinking about whether it’s safe for your toddler to play outside or not. However, no matter if the temperatures outside are decreasing, toddlers during the winter require physical activities because they are great stress relievers for them when they are cooped up inside their house for so many hours. Thus, it is safe for a toddler to play outside during the cold weather. The American Council of Exercise even recommends that the children should receive approximately 60 minutes of physical activity each day. So you may allow your toddler for outdoor play in different intervals by providing them breaks after 10 to 20 minutes.  Here are several other tips that will facilitate outdoor play for your toddlers while keeping them safe. Dressing Them Properly During Cold Weather Toddlers during the winter should be sent outside to play only after dressing them in layers.  The layered dressing will help to keep the body warm of your toddler with scarves, boots, hats, earmuffs, socks or mittens. Additionally, the layers will not only protect your child while they’re playing outside but will also help to retain their body heat through the air pockets present in the different clothes. Though your child may become sweaty through outdoor play, you can always take off one layer. It is even recommended to dress your child in an extra layer as compared to an average adult.
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29 January, 2022

Common Diseases and Issues: Caring For a Baby And How To Prevent Them.

Caring for a baby is very crucial because during the initial first year the baby’s immune system is quite weak. Due to this, there are amplified chances for him or her to develop several common diseases in babies or sickness in infant. But with the right care, you can treat common diseases in babies easily. However, new parents and caregivers may have several questions related to their infants’ healthcare. So this guide will help you to know how to care for your baby and prevent the common diseases in babies and sickness in infant. Now let’s have a look at the common diseases in babies worth one year or less and how to care for them, or how to prevent them earlier only.  Bowel movements Keeping track of the bowel movement of your infant is crucial because this can help you to know if your infant is likely to develop any disease. So the different factors you need to consider regarding the bowel movement of your baby are as follows. Consistency. Initially, the consistency of your kid’s stool will range from loose, runny or soft. However, infant or formula-fed may have stools with a tan yellow shade and firmer as compared to the infants who are breastfed. All you need to consider while checking the consistency of your infants’ stool is that it should not be hard or very
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11 January, 2021

Are seizures in children common while sleeping

When the brain short-circuits, a seizure (also known as a convulsion) arises. Seizures can result in uncontrollable body twitches, a loss of communication, and urine. Sleep is disrupted for some children not by nightmares but by seizures. These sudden strokes are far more prevalent at night.  When the brain is excessively fatigued and just entering a sleep state or just waking up, it is more prone to these electrical explosions. It’s easy to confuse a night terror’s shrieking and passiveness for a seizure. However, Night terrors, on the other hand, frighten us without the classic symptoms of attacks like drooling, limb jerking, tongue biting, or incontinence. Common seizure signs that occur in children There are a few common signs that can help you recognize seizures in children. Here goes the list: Sudden jerking movements while sleeping  Continuous staring or spacing out  Not having control over urination or losing control over the bladder. Sudden loss of consciousness or awareness about the surroundings. In the case of toddlers, the child does not respond to the actions for a long time.  Stiffening of the body or body movements  Causes of Seizures in Children Seizures are usually seen between the
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